Best reference books according to redditors

We found 16,058 Reddit comments discussing the best reference books. We ranked the 6,500 resulting products by number of redditors who mentioned them. Here are the top 20.

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Job hunting & careers books
Almanacs & yearbooks
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Dictionaries & thesauruses
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Encyclopedias & subject guides
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Foreign language dictionaries
English as second language books
Genealogy books
Quotation reference books
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Top Reddit comments about Reference:

u/SuikaCider · 446 pointsr/languagelearning

Edit: Apparently I had nothing better to do than this evening, so here's a wall of text. Hope it's useful for you.

EditII: Didn't expect so many people to look at this, either.. so I'll say: this isn't an in depth zero-to-hero guide for Japanese, this is just a tidy gathering of the path I took to learn Japanese to my current level (minus a few textbooks), which is definitely still very far from fluent. I'm personally learning Japanese for its literature, and the vast majority of what I did was aimed at getting into books as fast as possible (cough Heisig cough) -- if you don't care about reading, I'll be the first to say that a lot of what's here might not be interesting to you. Google around and see if my suggestions fit your learning style or not. Japanese is weird in that there are literally resources for everything, so I'm sure there's something that fits you.

EditIII: Just wanted to link the DJTguide, a library of tons of resources organized into different skills and stuff. If you don't like my suggestions, I'd personally start here to find something else.

intro -- textbook stuff -- post-textbook stuff -- tutoring -- loose timeline

I have lived in Japan (for school) for two years, speaking nothing before I arrived (fully intended on going to Spain instead lol)...and am now somewhere between N2/N1, which is the level of fluency required to work with Japanese businesses/join a Japanese-conducted program. At this point no conversation is a problem, I can read modern literature for enjoyment (older stuff literally employed a partially different language and requires its own study), and follow movies/comedy shows/anime without subtitles if I'm pay attention.

I didn't try nearly as hard as I could have, so I honestly think you could reach my level of "fluency" if you make a religion of it -- a research student at my university came speaking nothing one year ago and now speaks notably better than I do across the board (on behalf of being forced to communicate with people for like 12 hours a day). Granted, you don't have the luxury of multiple Japanese people needing to communicate with you in order to do their job, and thus adjusting their language to your level to communicate with you all day every day... but I still think you can learn enough in a year to thoroughly enjoy yourself, at the very least.

Here's how I'd do that.

Textbook Stuff

  1. Read The Kanji -- don't use this for kanji. Make a free account, use it to learn the Hiragana and Katakana (two of Japanese's three alphabet systems; 48 characters each and phonetic. One is for Japanese-origin words, the other is for loan words and other random things). It just throws flash cards at you with each of the symbols; you can probably commit them to memory in a few hours. It's okay if you forget a few or several or even most of them at first; you're going to see these things so often that they'll be impossible to forget before long. We're just shooting to prime your passive memory so that you'll see a word written, have your curiosity irked, and be able to work it out, connecting that forgotten information to more and more recent memories to help remember them. Plus, this is a model for your year as a whole -- contextually acquiring passive understanding that stretches your boundaries, then diving back inwards and working to solidify passive knowledge that has become useful for your current situation or will allow you to express something you want to express currently, into knowledge that gradually becomes active.

  2. Buy Genki I, its workbook, Genki II, and its workbook. This will walk you from knowing absolutely no Japanese at the beginning of Genki I, and while mileage varies, I was personally able to make sense of ShiroKuma Cafe (see the link in the next section) upon completing Genki II. I'm currently taking the first "advanced" level Japanese course at my uni, meaning that I have had the opportunity to talk with other "advanced" (apostraphes meaning take with a grain of salt, looking at myself) learners about how they learned Japanese, and the Genki series is by and large the crowd favorite.

  3. Buy Heisig, or you can probably find a version somewhere on the interwebs....... make an account at Kanji Koohii (a site where people work together progressing through Heisig, mainly by sharing the mneumonics they make for the kanji), and otherwise follow the instructions on Nihongo Shark's Blog. He suggests to completely put learning Japanese on hold till you finish the 2200 Kanji in this deck in 97 days, but I think that's ambitious as is, and eats too much of your year up. So I personally would say learn 15 a day, every day, until you finish -- that will have you finishing in around 5 months, you'll be on target with the 6 months I'm plotting out for Genki I + II even if you miss a few days. (see below).

  4. Others might disagree and you can make up your own mind, but I personally think learning the Kanji is essential. They take time to learn at first, but repay you dividends later on when you accumulate vocabulary basically without thinking, passively, by reading or watching subtitled shows. Plus, any resource you'll use past the beginner stage will require kanji.. meaning if you don't learn them, you can't use these resources, and gimp yourself down the road. They're incredibly logical and like legos; the resources in #3 basically talk about the most efficient way to build things out of those legos (to help remember what each lego is). Also look into Moonwalks with Einstein if you'reinterested in memory in general. The thing about Kanji is that they unlock Japanese, as every single Kanji has a unique meaning, and Japanese words are basically simple definitions of themselves. Take fire extinguisher, for example: 消火器。It literally means extinguish-fire-utensil/tool. Good luck understanding a random word like that in any other language at first sight, but it's easy in Japanese, and the vast majority of Japanese words are exactly like this. Learning the Kanji allows you to take a word you've never seen before, instantly have a reliable guess as to what it means... and depending on your familiarity with the Kanji, maybe even how to read it. This happens to a lesser extent in conversation, also. Kanji are a new system of logic, but once you adjust to it, it's pure magic -- eventually, you sort of stop needing to study vocabulary, because you can just read and passive understand most any word (which you'll eventually work into your active vocabulary). I talk about "The First 2000 Words" in #5, and basically, words give you diminishing returns -- they're a lot of bang for your buck at first.. but past 6,000, 10,000, 20,000 ... learning 10 or 100 or even 1,000 new words might not give you noticeable improvement.

  5. This anki deck is Genki in Example Sentences; pace your daily reviews so that you'll be going in time with your progression through chapters in the book. I really, really wanted to link you The Core 2k(the first 2000 most frequent words of Japanese) because I really liked it and the first 2000 words make up a significant majority of daily conversations (we repeat a lot of the same things over and over, the same bread and butter structures, laced and spiced with more rare nouns, then descriptive words, and the occasional verb)......... but I also think that context is the biggest key when it comes to language learning, and the 2k doesn't have that for you right now. It's eventually going to outpace your Kanji studies (if I'm recalling how I studied accurately), and more importantly, the word order does not follow Genki. You're going to be spending a lot of time with Genki for 6 months, the pace that I want you to complete these words in. You're already going to be stretched thin, so I guess I'm going to recommend you take that Genki deck and use it as a supplement to help you get more out of Genki -- it looks like it's going to take, on average, ~25 cards per day. I don't know if that's ideal, but then again, I stuck with Genki until I finished Genki (no other resources, began Hesig - also below - about 2/3 of the way through), and I began watching Shirokuma Cafe (below) immediately after Genki II, able to (at first, painfully) understand it... and I think I'm just a normal dude, if you're also a normal dude -- or, better, a better than average dude -- I guess Shirokuma should be good for you, too, after Genki II and this Genki Deck.
u/luperci · 226 pointsr/CFB

There's a good book called Take Your Eye Off the Ball: How to Watch Football by Knowing Where to Look. I read the first edition, but I link the latest one I could find. It's the book I recommend to people if they want to learn about the nuts and bolts of football. And it's been my experience, the more you know about the sport you're watching the better the overall experience is.

Edit: Thank you for the gold anonymous redditor

u/thesoundandthefury · 143 pointsr/changemyview

This is a great question.

Quick background: My name is John Green. I write books, which currently sell really well, and also make videos with my brother that are very popular on YouTube. My brother and I also organize this huge annual charity project called The Project for Awesome, in which people donate money and then together as a community we decide which charities should receive the money. It's basically a huge exercise in crowdsourcing philanthropic prioritization. And we've also crowdfunded some of our projects, so this is a very interesting question to me!

First off, I agree with you that celebrities walk on thin ice when they start their own charities and then try to administer them, because those people are often very busy and also there are existing charities that are already really good at delivering services in many fields. But if a celebrity is running an effective organization, or partnering with an effective one, there are a lot of good reasons for that wealthy person to solicit donations:

  1. It works. I personally donate a significant percentage of my money to charity, but I do so privately, because I think making a spectacle of your donations is weird and doesn't accomplish much. But I also ask people to donate to charity, especially during the Project for Awesome, because it works. We raised over $750,000 last year, and much of that money was raised because people wanted perks (signed posters, books, etc.) that you could only get from the Project for Awesome, and so we raised much more money than I could ever have donated on my own.

  2. Many celebrities are not as wealthy as they seem. For decades, celebrity and wealth were more or less interchangable, but there's a reason that almost no celebrities can be found on lists of the 1,000 richest people in America: Celebrity is not as lucrative as it once was, and the vast majority of concentrated wealth in the United States goes to entrepreneurs, investors, and people work in finance. (A famous example of this is that 50 Cent's wealth is mostly due to his investment in Vitamin Water, not his platinum selling albums, but I think it's broadly true as well.) But celebrities do have a platform, and if they use that platform to encourage donations to worthy, well-run organizations, I think in the end we as a community end up giving more (and more effectively) than we would if celebrities were quiet about their philanthropic efforts and interests.

  3. In the case of the kickstarters: First, I don't think Zach Braff had the money to finance a movie on his own. Movies are insanely expensive, and whatever money Zach Braff has made may have to support him for a very long time, because acting and writing are not like law or medicine: Your future income is not guaranteed, and usually goes down as you get older.

    But the biggest benefit to the kickstarter is that it convinces people in Hollywood that there are real people who really want to see the movie in question--want to see it so much that they'll PAY IN ADVANCE. It creates a community. The $2,000,000 or so after expenses Braff raised for his movie will only pay for a tiny portion of the actual film, but that community of people will be the most important evangelists for the movie if it's good. They'll be the people telling their friends to go see it on opening weekend. And that's very important for a film's commercial success.

    3a. My brother and I have done this with our educational program CrashCourse, which is partly funded by voluntary monthly subscriptions at subbable. I understand your argument that we could pay for Crash Course ourselves, but we couldn't pay for it ourselves for very long, because it's very expensive to make and even when educational video gets tens of millions of views a month, it just can't be made sustainable by advertising alone. We need it to be financially sustainable so it can grow and continue to be a thing for decades.

    3b. To me, asking (not requiring! just asking!) people to pay for something like Crash Course is similar to asking them to pay for a subscription to a magazine like The Economist. A lot of people are doing full-time work to create Crash Course, and while it (like The Economist) could theoretically be funded by a wealthy individual at least for a while, it's a more sustainable and probably higher-quality project if the audience funds it, because that makes the project responsive to the needs of the audience rather than responsive to the needs of the some billionaire.
u/Sazazezer · 121 pointsr/IWantToLearn

A good starting point is the app LingoDeer and its Japanese practise sessions. The first course is free and has a ton of content. Its practise focuses on teaching kana, grammar and building up vocabulary with a variety of guessing games so it's a very natural and entertaining way of learning. This makes it better than a lot of the language apps out there since their main focus is usually flashcard learning and hard memorisation.

Beyond that, Tae Kim's Japanese grammar is considered by many to be a fantastic way to learn the language. It builds up the necessary fundamentals for learning the language in a rational, intuitive way that makes sense in Japanese. The explanations are focused on how to make sense of the grammar not from English but from a Japanese point of view (which means you think in japanese rather than english).

If you want to get a textbook the Genki guides are considered by many to be the quintessial classroom learning book. Japanese for Busy People is also a good one if you don't have a lot of spare time.

Beyond that, watch Japanese tv without subtitles to get used to them speaking. Japanese Children's tv is a great way to go about it. Try watching something like Chi's Sweet Home without subtitles on. There's also Japanese dramas on Netflix where you can turn the subtitles off.

u/zeroxOnReddit · 117 pointsr/LearnJapanese

I have no idea if it’s an efficient method or not but I use The Kodansha kanji learner’s course.
I do 16 new kanji a day and I use the anki deck for the book to keep them in my memory. Whenever I flip a card, no matter the side, I write it down. Helps me remember better. I only try to remember the main On reading for each kanji and even then I don’t force it. If I can’t memorize it I don’t try that much harder. For the readings I just read a lot of texts and when I come across a word that uses a kanji I know I don’t know the reading of, that’s how I learn the readings. Eventually you become magically able to determine the reading for words even with kanji that have a lot of different pronunciations.

u/soapdealer · 55 pointsr/SimCity

I totally love the Christopher Alexander books. Definitely check out his The Timeless Way of Building which is a great companion piece to A Pattern Language. You should know that his works, while great in my opinion, are sort of considered idiosyncratic and not really in the mainstream of architecture/urban design.

Here's a short reading list you should look at:

The Smart Growth Manual and Suburban Nation by Andres Duany & Jeff Speck. Another set of sort-of-companion works, the Manual has a concrete set of recommendations inspired by the critique of modern town planning in Suburban Nation and might be more useful for your purposes.

The Death and Life of Great American Cities by Jane Jacobs is probably the most famous and influential book on city planning ever and contains a lot of really original and thoughtful insights on cities. Despite being over half-a-century old it feels very contemporary and relevant.

The Geography of Nowhere by James Howard Kunstler is similarly mostly a critique of modernist planning principles but is both short and very well written so I'd definitely recommend checking it out.

Makeshift Metropolis by Witold Rybczynski: I can't recommend this entire book, but it does contain (in my opinion) the best summary of the history of American urban planning. Really useful for a historical perspective on different schools of thought in city design over the years.

The High Cost of Free Parking by Donald Shoup is the book on parking policy. It's huge (700+ pages) and very thorough and academic, so it might be harder to get through than the other, more popular-audience-oriented titles on the list, but if you want to include parking as a gameplay element, I really can't recommend it highly enough. It's a problem that's thorny enough most city games just ignore it entirely: Simcity2013's developers say they abandoned it after realizing it would mean most of their players' cities would be covered in parking lots, ignoring that most actual American cities are indeed covered in parking lots.

Finally there's a bunch of great blogs/websites out there you should check out: Streetsblog is definitely a giant in transportation/design blogging and has a really capable team of journalists and a staggering amount of content. Chuck Marohn's Strong Towns blog and Podcast are a great source for thinking about these issues more in terms of smaller towns and municipalities (in contrast to Streetsblog's focus on major metropolitan areas). The Sightline Daily's blog does amazing planning/transpo coverage of the Pacific Northwest. Finally [The Atlantic Cities] ( blog has incredible coverage on city-issues around the world.

I hope this was helpful and not overwhelming. It's a pretty big (and in my opinion, interesting) topic, so there's a lot of ground to cover even in an introductory sense.

u/bestmaleperformance · 43 pointsr/Conservative

It really enrages me the hoops I had to jump through to own just a fucking shotgun in my state. I don't have an issue with "common sense" gun laws if they were actually based on common sense. If you want to run a background check on me, fine, I don't think limiting violent offenders ability to buy guns is a massive infringement on my rights (i know some disagree)

My issues were:

A. The waiting period, especially since I was brought to a police station once for defending myself in a massive brawl that broke out at a bar, they were able to run a full background check on me in under 3 minutes, and that was because the computer was "being slow as usual"

B. A whole day wasted at a gun safety course I had to wait weeks for and pay hundreds of dollars where you learn nothing, then fire 4 shots at a target.

C. Then I had to file paperwork with my local police and be grilled and made to feel like a criminal for wanting to have a firearm. It's then up to him if he feels like issuing me a gun and I wait months to hear if my application is even denied, what the fuck!?

I was at a diner when a guy came in and shot his wife to death over an impending divorce, she was a waitress. He emptied the revolver in her in front of everyone and just sat down. He could have easily executed half the people in the place if he wanted to.

When I was 16, I met some girls at the beach with friends, long story short, everyone is off on their own having some fun within a couple hours, the girl I'm with apparently has a boyfriend, who is completely insane and jealous (probably because his girlfriend is fucking everyone) so he pulls up with a shotgun and starts threatening to kill me, her, himself, etc. Luckily I was able to stay cool and talk him down, convincing him that his girlfriend didn't cheat on him, nor was I interested, thankfully for me we had already been done and just sitting on a bench talking.

Anyway fuck anyone that says you'll never need a gun or anyone who tries to keep you from protecting yourself, also the best fact based book I've ever read on guns and that no leftist is able to argue with

u/thebumpuses · 37 pointsr/architecture

If you want to learn quite a bit about why exactly suburbs are depressing, read Suburban Nation by Duany et al.

Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream

u/tusqer · 30 pointsr/nfl

This is what your looking for:

It's a book called "Take Your Eye off the Ball", and it will comnpletely change football for you forever (in a good way)!

u/saadakhtar · 27 pointsr/todayilearned

Born to Run - Read this book.

u/poundfoolishhh · 27 pointsr/news

You may want to check out More Guns, Less Crime. Which, as the name suggests, sets out to show just that.

Of course, like any controversial book... it has its supporters and critics.

u/Seanspeed · 26 pointsr/nfl

Comes with experience. It's probably the most complex team sport there is, with games being more chess matches than anything.

You can accelerate your learning by reading books like Take Your Eye off the Ball if you're really invested in learning more, but even something like getting into the Madden games can help a lot. Plenty of online resources as well for concepts and formations and whatnot.

While you'll learn plenty just by watching, without a bit of background on the fundamentals, a lot of stuff is gonna be lost on the average viewer.

u/SmokyDragonDish · 25 pointsr/Catholicism

Edit: I just read the rest of what you said and misunderstood. There are podcasts, ask about them in the Latin sub.

Check out /r/Latin.

Also, buy this: Lingua Latina per se Illustrata

u/kw1nn · 25 pointsr/Marvel

Generally in order to enjoy stories they have to be written in a language that you understand. Judging by your spelling and grammar, I will assume you don't read or write English. As these stories are written in English, they may be difficult for you to enjoy. Hopefully this will help you enjoy Marvel.

u/warpzero · 25 pointsr/toronto

This is the single biggest thing we can do to improve the economic viability of our cities and reduce the congestion of our roads.

I've linked to it a few times recently, but everybody doubting this should watch this 1990s-era presentation given by the architect/planner Andrés Duany. This is exactly the subject he has talked about for decades: that 'traditional neighbourhood development' is superior to North American suburban sprawl by every metric. For those who would like to read more, he has a very excellent book called Suburban Nation that is approachable to the layman.

These traditional neighbourhoods are not "inferior" to the suburbs (as some people have suggested in this thread already), and it doesn't have to mean skyrocketing housing prices. Look at some of the towns and neighbourhoods developed by DPZ (Andrés Duany's company), and "walk" around the town with StreetView (remember, these are all new developments, not old neighbourhoods):

  • Seaside, Florida
  • Habersham, SC
  • Kentlands, MD

    These neighbourhoods are all a mix of detached homes, townhomes, and apartments (they're not a suburban mono-culture of only one type), and they're all walkable. Each has a commercial area within walking distance, and also has offices within walking distance. The density is much higher than a typical suburb, but yet there's still a sense of privacy in a detached home (if you want that), or higher density town-homes near the 'town centre' (if you prefer that, instead). But all of these communities, because of their walk-ability and bike-abilty, have significantly less congestion than a typical suburb. If you combine this with a transit stop within walking distance, known a transit-oriented development, then you get a highly effective and highly productive mixed-use area that requires significantly less tax and government subsidies than our suburbs require today.

    If you're still not convinced, there is an excellent US-based non-profit organization called Strong Towns that was created by an ex-traffic engineer, explicitly for the purpose of informing the public about how current North American suburbs and towns are not economically viable. That is, they do not have the tax base to cover their infrastructure, and 'cover this up' by what they call the Growth Ponzi Scheme.

    tl;dr: look at this image (from and hopefully you will understand why this type of development is more economically viable.

u/scrambledhelix · 24 pointsr/technology

Not to mention, BS != lying, according to at least one prominent academic.

It could very well be that BS is worse.

u/Jurph · 24 pointsr/nfl

If I were hiring for this position and you had a strong resume, I would be nervous about your lack of domain knowledge -- but that's something that software engineers are expected to pick up! So I would go in with:

  • I know my role (SWEng) and I'm excited to learn more about the sport ... that's normal in software engineering, and you can expect me to be up to speed by the start of the season.

    Now, you can also cram. Read this Wikipedia article to learn the names of the positions and formations. Make flash cards! Study hard! Then dive into any of the following books:

  • Take Your Eye Off the Ball - how to watch the game to learn more than a casual fan does
  • The Art of Smart Football - big-picture strategic writing about how coaches and QBs plan for games

    A reasonable bar for a non-casual fan would be to be able to answer questions like:

  • (Casual / Bare minimum) Discuss the recent history of the team you're visiting, and the recent strengths and weaknesses of their division rivals.
  • (Casual / Bare minimum) Explain the three choices that a coach has on fourth down, and discuss recent (>2005) changes in attitudes toward that decision.
  • (Casual / Bare minimum) Explain why a "nickel" or "dime" defense is a reasonable choice against a "two-minute" offense.
  • (Casual / Bare minimum) There are five offensive linemen, usually divided into three position names. Name the positions and the differences between their skills. Explain why having a good offensive line is critical.
  • (Moderate) Describe the set of games that makes up a team's schedule. Can you, as a SWEng, quantify which games have the most impact on a team's playoff chances?
  • (Moderate) Outline rule changes over the last 15-20 years surrounding the concept of the "extra point" including the 2-point conversion.
  • (Moderate) If you analyze the play-by-play data, you might notice that when a QB has many negative-yardage plays it correlates with losing, but when a QB has exactly three negative yardage plays, it correlates strongly with winning. Why? How could you adjust your software to remove this weird bias in the data?
  • (Moderate) The Ravens have two victories in the last ten years that were both secured by deliberate late-game safeties -- that is, giving up two points to the other team. Explain how and why that strategy worked, and why it isn't viable anymore.
  • (Moderate) Explain how player salaries are determined. Explain what someone means when they say "he's on his rookie deal" or "we can't cut him because of the dead money" or "they tagged him". Explain, using examples from around the league, what makes someone a "franchise QB" and what the reasonable market value is for a better-than-average QB.
  • (Advanced) Read this three-part study and then discuss how you, as a SW engineer, can help me (the GM) select the best offensive line talent.
  • (Advanced) A few years ago, in a NE@IND night game, everyone assumed New England would spend the evening passing the ball. Why? They ended up running the ball instead, and winning. What unusual wrinkle did they add to their offense that made it effective?

    Also... if the team you're applying to is the Ravens, I'll be happy to help you get up to speed.
u/gogolang · 23 pointsr/Libertarian

Everyone here should read this book to understand how US cities and suburbs have been screwed up by nonsensical government regulation (and by outsized influence of firefighters unions).

Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream

Basically, the whole idea that you can/should design a city like SimCity where the government mandates certain areas as high density/low density commercial, residential, industrial, etc. makes no sense at all.

The unwalkability of newer cities are because of firefighters unions. The unions required that you needed to have a certain number of firefighters per fire truck. That meant that instead of being able to buy smaller, nimbler fire trucks that can navigate smaller streets, cities have to buy enormous trucks. In order for those trucks to move through the city quickly, the cities nedded to build very wide roads and it lead to all sorts of other consequences.

u/LargeFood · 23 pointsr/math

For those interested in a popular overview of the topic, I recommend Chaos: Making a New Science by James Gleick. It does a pretty good job of popular explanations of the theory, and talks about a lot of key people in the field.

u/[deleted] · 23 pointsr/

This is pretty funny coming up right now, because I'm reading the book "Born to run" by Christopher McDougall. Fantastic read, and quite a revelation - apparently we were designed to run long distances, it's how our bodies evolved. And moreover, we're designed to run barefoot. Many runners have been discovering how running shoes actually cause injury rather than prevent it. The book's fascinating, and highly recommended - it's the story of how he tracked down a near-mythical tribe of super-runners in Mexico, who think nothing of running hundreds of miles at a stretch, wearing nothing but thin sandals.

I have no connection whatsoever to the author - I saw him interviewed on The Daily Show and went out to buy the book.

u/NobleHeavyIndustries · 22 pointsr/Patriots

Read Keep Your Eye off the Ball. Read The Essential Smart Football. Pay for NFL GamePass. Watch the Coach's Film (All-22). They've archives going back to 2011. It's especially helpful if you watch a game (or series of plays) you're already familiar with. Get pen and paper out and take notes. Watch what each player is doing, both before and after the snap, and be ready to rewind over and over and over and over.

There's a lot of good analysis on YouTube too, if you are a learn-by-watching type.

>Start here, on Brett Kollman's channel. He's a former NFL Network production assistant. Most of his videos are story heavy and analysis light, but that video is about how to watch film.
>Sam's Film Room, with Samuel Gold, a writer for the Athletic. Good for beginners. I think he started out at r/nfl.
>The QB School, with former Patriots QB, JT O'Sullivan. Focuses on quarterback play, both good and bad.
>Dan Orlovski's Twitter has a bunch of quick analysis videos, usually focusing on QB play.
>Peyton Manning's Detail is wonderful show, but is stuck behind a paywall at There are two short videos free on YouTube. Resourceful people can find it elsewhere as well.
>Strong Opinion Sports, with Division III NCAA QB Zac Shomler. He has a lot of football video podcasts, but also a QB film analysis playlist.
>Baldy Breakdowns, with former Cowboys OLineman and current NFL Network analyst Brian Baldinger. No true focus, but has great insight into offensive line play.
>Gamepass Film Sessions. NFL Players and coaches analyze their own plays. The full version is on NFL Gamepass. I'm a particular fan of the one with Joe Thomas.
>Voch Lombardi. Focuses on talent evaluation and line play. Funny as fuck.
>The New England Patriots YouTube channel has Belichick Breakdown and Coffee with the Coach. Breakdown is the more analysis focused of the two.

If you're REALLY interested, the resources are out there. Good hunting.

u/DTSportsNow · 22 pointsr/nfl

Everytime someone asks this I always recommend this book: "Take Your Eye Off The Ball" ~ Pat Kirwan

Explains a bit of everything you could ever want to know.

u/Gentle-Mang · 21 pointsr/TheRedPill

I've stated before that I think that TRP goes beyond just seduction.

It's about living in a world that is not what we've been told it should be. This applies to women, relationships, college, careers, accumulation of wealth, travel, Life in general.

Women and relationships - We all know, it's pretty much all we talk about here.

College - The baby boomers told you to go to college if you didn't want to be flipping burgers... Then you went to college, got out, and there are no jobs. Then the baby boomers tell you that you're an entitled brat for refusing to flip burgers. The funny thing is that the people who told you to go to college didn't actually go to college, they started out flipping burgers, but they did it without the burden of debt.

Careers - If you spend the best years of your life sitting at a desk (and you don't make any women co-workers feel at all uncomfortable in any way), maybe one day you may be able to save up enough money to buy a red convertible sports car when you're bald, fat and middle aged, to compensate you for your unfulfilling life. After that you can save up and maybe afford a few years of lower-middle class leisure lifestyle while your body falls apart and you wait for death. Does that sound like a good deal?

Travel - Extended long-term world travel is the domain of the rich and all you can afford is short stints of two week vacations to to all-inclusive resorts before you have to trudge back to your cubical to resume the life you were trying to escape from.

Life in general - Go to work, be miserable, come home, buy something to make yourself feel better, get into debt, have to work harder, become more miserable, repeat. You have to do this because the only thing that can bring you a temporary sensation of satisfaction is some kind of material item. A newer, better item. If you lose an item you lose a part of yourself, because you are the things that you own.


I never went to college and I have zero debt. I don't have a 'career' per-se, but I do have marketable skills in web development and design, self taught. I work from time to time to get money which I then use to fund my travels (I'll be in Spain next week). Girls are occasional but enjoyable guests in my life. I own no material possessions other than a bag of clothes and this laptop. I practice meditation and try to incorporate awareness of the present moment into my life rather than dwelling on the past or the future.

If you're interested in learning about how long-term travel is well within your reach I'd highly recommend Vagabonding by Rolf Potts.

In terms of life/spiritual philosophy I recommend authors such as Eckhart Tolle and Alan Watts

u/pewpewk · 20 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Writing and reading kind of come in the same package if you need to learn the Kanji. As Kiruwa said, spoken or written first doesn't have an answer because everybody is different. But here are some general suggestions...

  1. Learn the Kana first and foremost. I can't stress how important this is, because the sooner you start learning Japanese in Japanese the better off you'll be later down the road. Learning the Kana is easy and can be done in anywhere between a day or 2 to a week. But really get Hiragana down with utmost haste.

  2. Once you have a basis in reading the Kana, start up an Anki deck (or any Spaced Repetition System). If you search a bit, you should be able to find the Core2k and Core6k which are some great decks to work towards. I'm not too familiar with working with the Core decks, but I'm sure there's a lot of people here that are so ask around.

  3. If you want to go the free route, Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide is an excellent free e-book on Japanese grammar. Their iPhone and iPad apps are excellent and work extremely well, too. This would be a good place to possibly start learning your way around Japanese grammar. If you want to go down the textbook route, I'd suggest the sort of tried-and-true Genki method. I use these textbooks in my Japanese University class and, while I'm not the biggest fan of them, they're pretty good textbooks for learning the material. Pick up Genki I, the Genki I Workbook, and the Genki Answer Key at your favorite online bookstore.

  4. Once you've got a good foundation with the above three (in the case of my University class my professor started after the first semester, or 6 lessons into Genki) I'd say it's time to start learning some Kanji. If you're going down the self-studying route, I, like many others, highly recommend Heisig's Remembering the Kanji. Start with Vol. 1 and don't use any other method of learning the Kanji. Use it in conjunction with Reviewing the Kanji site and you'll have a great foundation after a while of work.

  5. Practice, practice, practice. That's all I can really say. Immerse yourself in the material, don't give up, and go for it. It's really hard work and incredibly daunting. I'm only a little more than a year into my studies and the further I get the more I realize I don't understand. That said, I keep pushing myself to see if I can't get a little further and when I look back to what I knew a year ago and what I know today, I couldn't possibly imagine even knowing this much. This isn't going to be a quick process, but years upon years of studying.

    But enough of the prep talk. Good luck and if you ever need help, /r/LearnJapanese is a great place to ask! :)

    *Of course, all opinions expressed here are my own and may or may not be conclusive for your learning.
u/TheAFCfinalist · 20 pointsr/latin

Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata and Wheelock's Latin are the go to books for learning.

Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata is completely in Latin and makes you learn by reading.

Wheelock's is learning by studying grammar.

What I recommend is looking up "Learn Latin" on Youtube to study the basics of pronunciation and learning what you can from there. If you enjoy it, buy one of those books to dive deeper into the subject.

u/cirrus42 · 18 pointsr/urbanplanning

In this exact order:

  1. Start with Suburban Nation by Duany, Zyberk, and Speck. It's super easy to read, totally skimmable, and has a lot of great graphics and diagrams that help explain things. It's not the deepest book out there, but it's the best place to start.

  2. After that, try Geography of Nowhere by Kunstler. The author can be cranky and there are no diagrams, but he does a nice job of explaining how suburbia happened, why it made sense at the time, and why it's not so great anymore. Basically it's a primer on the key issue facing city planning today.

  3. After them, you'll be ready for The Death and Life of Great American Cities by Jacobs. This is the bible of urbanism, the most important and influential book written about the form of cities since the invention of the car. But it's not as accessible as the first two, so I wouldn't start here.

  4. Walkable City by Speck. This is the newest of the bunch, and provides the data to back up the claims from the previous 3.

  5. Image of the City by Lynch. This one is a series of case studies that will teach you how to "read" how a city functions based on its form. The examples are all woefully obsolete, which is too bad, but still teaches you an important skill.
u/glock2010mm · 17 pointsr/CCW

More guns less crime.

30 years of county-level data showing crime stats before and after Shall-issue laws passed. Critics can't disprove it no matter what control methods they use. It's in the 3rd edition which has been proving further that ccw laws and citizens carrying have a net benefit to society and the economy they reside in.

u/MaryDaJane · 16 pointsr/fountainpens

thank you all for your kind words, im truly flattered. Very motivated to keep on practicing <:

Btw I dont really have a fixed script for both capitals or lower case letters yet, im just copying whatever i find decent looking.

A while ago i found this image just browsing thru google:
(source unknown to me) and thought they look pretty nice.

Also I just finished the Spencerian penmanship copybooks:
They are great, some of the capitals letters are from there.

Hope this is helpful<:

u/ecle · 15 pointsr/CFB

Not exactly what you asked for, but I got Keep Your Eyes Off the Ball off Amazon for just a few bucks a couple years ago, and it really helped me a lot with this very thing. The spiral bound "playbook edition" comes with a three hour DVD as well. The spiral version isn't dinky/flimsy so don't be scared.

Before that book, I never knew where I was supposed to be looking and missed out on a lot. Problem solved.

Edit to Add: There is an updated/newer version now, but Amazon reviewers are unclear about whether it has a DVD, if that matters to you--I think the book is pretty clear on its own.

u/cm1745 · 15 pointsr/AskReddit

Check out this book by Rolf Potts.

Its called Vagabonding and is all about cheap long-term travel around the world.

It was an inspiration for me, and I truly recommend you check it out if you're interested in traveling outside your comfort zone.

It's a quick read but is also filled with many helpful links and real-world examples of what to expect and how to make the most of travelling.

u/ccoltrain · 15 pointsr/anime

I dont know if this will help but here are some resources I use

Tae kim grammar guide is good for learning grammar
anki is really good for making flash cards or you can find pre made decks to study
If you like reading you could try these
If you like anime use this, you can watch anime with japanese subs
Also kanji is important to learn because you cant read japanese without them
I recommend remembering the kanji 1

u/thejayharp · 14 pointsr/AdviceAnimals

Vagabonding by Rolf Potts is a pretty good guide on how to make long-term travel possible on a small budget.

Edit: First chapter is available here:

u/ColloquialInternet · 14 pointsr/NoStupidQuestions

There is a famous paper that almost uses that in its name. The paper is Does the flap of a Butterfly's wings in Brazil Set off a Tornado in Texas

This is why it is referred to as the Butterfly effect rather than, say, the Ant Effect or something like that.

If you're interested in the subject, and you want sort of a primer on the whole thing, I'd recommend which is old enough to be at your local library for free as well

u/Gargatua13013 · 14 pointsr/askscience

I'll refer to an example I've gleaned from James Gleick book on Chaos.

He refers to some older work on simulation where data had to be inputted by hand. Those simulations would sometimes crash, and you'd have to re-input the values of the variables for whatever point of the simulation you were at. Sometimes, to save time, they would round off the last digit of the decimals, because life is too short for this shit, and because why would changing a parameter by 0.0001 have any noticeable effect? The results would change a lot, sometimes drastically, from these small roundings.

to quote from one of the earlier linked references:

In the 1960s the weather scientist Edward Lorenz observed that minute variations in the initial values of variables in his twelve-variable computer weather model could result in grossly divergent weather patterns:

Two states differing by imperceptible amounts may eventually evolve into two considerably different states … If, then, there is any error whatever in observing the present state—and in any real system such errors seem inevitable—an acceptable prediction of an instantaneous state in the distant future may well be impossible….In view of the inevitable inaccuracy and incompleteness of weather observations, precise very-long-range forecasting would seem to be nonexistent.

Such sensitive dependence on initial conditions means that the further one goes into the future the more inaccurate predictions become. Systems that are sensitive to initial conditions and bounded are said to be chaotic.

As to the other specifics of your question, you'd need an atmospheric science guy for that ... I'm more of Straight Earth Sci.

u/hookem101horns · 13 pointsr/nfl

If you're new to football then I couldn't recommend this book more. Once you get a basics for the rules and general flow of the game, this will take your knowledge of schemes and ability to see the on-field strategic battle in real-time to an entirely new level. Even longtime NFL fans should read it if they haven't as everyone can still learn more.

u/megasuperplan · 13 pointsr/philosophy

While these are all incredibly important books that outline the major chronological achievements in philosophy, I don't think that starting with ancient philosophy and working your way up is always the best move. Some of ancient philosophy is drawn out and can be intimidating to someone who's never read philosophy before, and reading whole books can be a daunting process. These are all books that would be necessary to read if one were getting a degree in philosophy, but OP is just interested in learning more on a casual level. I would recommend starting with an overview of modern problems of philosophy, like Bertrand Russell's The Problems of Philosophy. If OP is interested in learning more about specific philosophers I always found that The History of Western Philosophy is a good place to start. And of course the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy will always have more.

u/LostRonin88 · 13 pointsr/LearnJapanese

2-3 years is plenty of time to "learn" japanese. There are a lot of people here who reached N2 on the JLPT in 3 years or less. There a lot of people who have also reached "basic" fluency as they call it, in 1.5-2 years(AJATT/MIA). There are lots of start guides out there, all which can work very well. There is one right here on this subreddit that is a sticky at the top of the page. You could also try NukeMarines SGJL. A lot of people also like AJATT / MIA as it seems to be the most effective way to learn Japanese quickly (but this requires a lot of time each day that most people aren't willing, or cant commit).

Pretty much all of them start the same way though, by learning Hiragana and Katakana (which are the basic writing systems). Some systems also suggest learning some or all of the kanji in the beginning as well. Many will also say to start immersing with native japanese material early on too (aka watch anime/dramas without subtitles in japanese)

From there you want some type of learning resource for grammar. Many here suggest Genki 1&2 if you have some cash and like textbooks. Other systems will tell you to use free online resources like Tae Kim or Wasabi-JP. All of them seem to work.

From there a lot of paths split as to what you should do and at this point you can kind of choose what you like. If you liked the textbook route than you can move onto an intermediate text book like Toriba. Many say learning from sentences is the way to go though. This can either be done with a pre-made deck like the Core 2/6/10K anki deck. Some people say make your own sentence deck by "mining" native Japanese material for i+1 sentences. AJATT/MIA has even recently suggested using the JLPT Tango books for sentences as they are already pretty much in i+1 format.

Here are a bunch of links to what I am talking about:
anki (awesome FREE flash card app):

SGJL (method + resources):

AJATT ("intense" method):

Genki (grammar & vocab): (who knows you might be able to find this free somewhere on the internet as a pdf too...)

Tae Kim (grammar):


DJT (overall great resources just look at it...):

u/Dragoniel · 13 pointsr/progun

And most people seem to be convinced FBI data is flawless and absolutely correct in all regards. Hogwash, I was saying this for years - any statistical data on complex issues such as this is completely and utterly useless without a solid study for its interpretation.

Inconsistencies and straight faults with FBI statistics aren't news, if you did any research on the gun control figures. I always recommend "More Guns, Less Crime: Understanding Crime and Gun Control Laws", it explains in detail why and how the data ends up being incorrect or interpreted incorrectly, when interpretation is done without detailed understanding of data collection methods used. The book is also available on Torrent networks if it's too expensive for you, just make sure to get the recent edition, it contains more accurate (corrected) info.

u/lnfinity · 12 pointsr/vegancirclejerk

Has he read Animal Liberation yet?

u/rupert_murdaaa · 12 pointsr/funny

i remember reading about it in Born to Run by Christopher McDougall. The argument is that humans are so well adapted to long-distance running because of the way humans have hunted animals long in the past -- that is, tracking them down over many hours or even days, until the animals couldn't run any further. The tortoise and the hare, essentially.

edit: shit, i thought you were responding to the comment above that. nevermind.

double edit: and this has already been discussed.

u/Dempf · 12 pointsr/Games

I would definitely recommend Remembering the Kanji along with Anki for spaced repetition flashcards. It helped me with Chinese.

Edit: changed link to latest version of RTK.

u/Pinwurm · 12 pointsr/boston

That area will develop really quickly, I imagine. Especially as nearby Boston Landing takes off in the next few months (they're building 1100 housing units, plus restaurants and retail, plus fun activities like bowling, ice skating's already happening, plus office space, plus a hotel). It's all near the new 1A train station (which opens later this month, and YES, that is the same cost as the T. It'll take you to South Station in 10 minutes) and there's lot of frequent bus activity that takes you to Harvard Square in 10 minutes.

Continuum's also getting a grocery - Trader Joe's. That'll help.

All this stuff is like.. in between actual neighborhoods of Harvard, Lower Allston and Brighton. It'll fill up, I 100% assure you.

It's expensive but if noone rents/buys, they'll drop the prices until they do. I imagine a lot of Int'l Harvard Students will go there first.

Just as an FYI, any housing project approved by the city has to have a certain percentage of apartments be 'affordable housing units'. Mixed income areas are good for development because you diversify customer's competing for resources. It's nice to have options, like a Whole Foods and a Market Basket, ya know?

If you're interested in city planning, I'd highly recommend reading Suburban Nation by Jeff Speck. Or googling some of his youtube lectures. Very eye opening.

Or the videos by James Kunstler - like 'The Tragedy of the Suburbs'. REALLY interesting take.

u/_edd · 12 pointsr/LonghornNation

Take Your Eye Off The Ball is pretty much the go to literature on this.

u/weab00 · 12 pointsr/languagelearning

The decision is up to you, and your final choice should pertain to your situation/interests, but if you do choose to learn Japanese, then I can give you some pointers:

Learning Material

Start by learning Hiragana and Katakana. This should take you 2 weeks tops. You can learn it through apps like Dr. Moku (apple and android), and practice with Drag-n-Drop.
After that, use the Genki textbooks I and II (make sure that it's the 2nd edition, which has more features added to it), which are the most popular by far within the Japanese learning community.
Japan Times, the company behind the books, also made some pretty neat apps to side with the book. Available for apple and android. There's also a workbook, which is a bit of a drag to buy after buying two $50 textbooks, so I uploaded the PDFs here.

Supplement your studies with Anki SRS (Spaced-repetition-system), which is essentially virtual flash cards.
There's also Tae Kim's Grammar Guide, which is pretty good as a reference, but not so much a sole learning material. His website is another good reference resource.

Please realize that it's okay to forget words and grammar points, and you're definitely going to have to revisit some of them along the way.

I should probably mention Kanji. Kanji are characters imported from China during the 5th century, although many have divulged from their modern Chinese equivalent. Genki I+II will teach you 317 kanji (image for scale (sorry for bad quality!!)), and Tobira (the textbook I'm about to mention) will teach you another. There are officially 2136 "Jouyou Kanji", or kanji used in everyday life (e.g. a newspaper). Some people use Heisig's Remembering the Kanji, which I wouldn't recommend since it only teaches you the meaning (which it sometimes lies about), and doesn't even teach the reading or any words that use it. I'd recommend learning words and then the kanji that they use. That way you're getting more bang for your buck. While I personally don't use WaniKani to learn kanji, I have used it in the past, and it's really good. Sleek interface, gets the job done, forums for questions. All the good stuff you'd expect out of a kanji learning site. The first couple of lessons are free, and then it's something like $8/month. Despite WaniKani and all its greatness, the creator behind it (named Koichi) also made an "online Japanese textbook" called Tofugu, which I definitely wouldn't recommend. It waaaay too much around the bush, and half of it is just "motivational talk" (which I'm pretty sure is just trying to get you inspired for a night or two, pull out your wallet, pay for a lifetime subscription, and then give up once you get to the 〜ます forms).

Edit: I also feel the need to mention that, despite what pop culture might tell you, only a tiny portion of kanji are truly pictograph (e.g. 川 (river), 山 (mountain), 人 (person), and 大 (big)). The more conceptual ones have almost no tie to their actual meanings, which is why kanji teaching resources that use mnemonics fall apart pretty quickly. After being written with a chisel on turtle shells (called "oracle bone script"), imported to Japan 1500+ years ago, written 1,000,000s of times from people in prefectures miles away, and reformed numerous times, almost all of them lost their original pictographic quality. Just take a look at 働, 色, and 起. What do you think those mean? The answer is: to work, color, and to get up (in the sense of waking up).

Edit 2: Learn the stroke order for the kanji, since it makes them much easier to break down in the long run. For that matter, learn the radicals, or parts, of the kanji. There's a list here.

To clear up any more misconceptions, Japanese is not like Chinese in the sense that a character alone can be a verb. The kanji "起" doesn't mean "to wake up" on its own; only when you add the "き" and "る" hiragana does it turn into the verb. This is called "おくりがな" (okurigana). There are also many different readings for each character, unlike Chinese where there's usually only one or two. For example, the character "日" (day, sun) can be read ひ (or び), にち, or じつ. One kind of reading is called 音読み (onyomi), literally meaning "sound reading" because when the Japanese came into contact with the Chinese, they didn't yet have a writing system (their language was called "和語" (lit. "native Japanese language"). So, they "borrowed" their characters and transcribed the Chinese pronunciation based on their phonetic system. The other kind of reading is called 訓読み (kunyomi), which literally means "riverside reading". This type of reading is native to Japan and was prescribed to the kanji that corresponded with the meaning. On the more extreme side, some kanji can have 10+ readings. Don't sweat it though (心配ないよ!), as you'll learn all of these different readings through context in your vocabulary.

Now to bridge the gap between "beginner"-ish to "intermediate"-ish, use Tobira (which literally means "bridge"). The book assumes you to have a certain level of knowledge, some of which might overlap with Genki and other words/grammar that you may have to look up. It's an uphill battle, but you'll come out triumphant in the end.

On a side note, I'd recommend as your go-to online dictionary, even if some of the example sentences are riddled with errors. "Imiwa?" is a great Jp<->Eng dictionary for android and iOS. If you're really serious, then get "Kodansha's Furigana Japanese Dictionary".
Also check out /r/learnjapanese. There's a lot of great questions/resource links on there, and you can ask any questions you might have.

Duolingo has opened up alpha testers for its Japanese course as well. I'm so-so on the quality of Duolingo, since it doesn't even really teach you grammar, but just in case.

There are a lot of great resources posted up on the Kanji Koohii forums, which is where I found ヨミちゃん for Google Chrome.

To go further, read 4chan's /int/ guide.
Oh, and in case you didn't know, stay away from Rosetta Stone!!

Native Material

After Genki II, give a go at よつばと! (Yotsuba!), a simple children's manga with furigana, which is kana above the kanji (intended for little kids). There's quite a bit of slang in it, and almost always uses the casual form. Even in a simple manga like Yotsuba, there will still be words and advanced grammatical constructs you haven't even touched yet. You can get the "Yotsuba Learning Pack", which consists of an Anki deck and vocabulary list here.

You can practice speaking with native speakers on a wonderful app called HelloTalk (available for apple and android). It's pretty great.

There's also iTalki, where you can write journal entries in your target language (so you can do this for Italian too) and have them be corrected by native speakers. You can also correct journal entries in English.

About the JLPT

The "Japanese Language Proficiency Test [Number X]", commonly referred to as "JLPT N[X]", is the standard Japanese test. N1 (Number 1) is the highest and most advanced, while N5 is the most basic. You can see how ready you are for each one here. Honestly, N5 and N4 are so easy, they're really not worth the money you have to pay to take it. N3 is a good warm up to N2. Passing N2 will look pretty damn good on any business related Japanese job. I wouldn't worry about these tests until a good way into your studies.


While Japanese might not be the easiest language for an English speaker to learn (far from it, it in fact), and quite daunting due to the scores of kanji you're required to learn, the rewards are numerous. For one thing, you get 130,000,000 more people to converse with on this planet. You're also opened up to the world of anime (Japanese animation) and manga (Japanese cartoons), and the original language of the haiku (俳句). Not only that, but you're also introduced to the literature world Haruki Murakami and other such Japanese writers. Most importantly, you should enjoy it. After all, nobody who doesn't enjoy learning something gets very far into it. If you ever feel incredibly discouraged, take a break for as long as you need. Revisit the material when you feel ready. Never study something if it pains you to do so. PM me if you have any more questions.

u/outbound_flight · 12 pointsr/mildlyinteresting

If you're just starting out, I'd probably recommend the Genki series, or Tae Kim's excellent Guide to Japanese Grammar (free online).

The book OP has is very useful and you can learn a lot from it, but it's specifically made to help folks study for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT). You lose a lot of the foundational stuff if you go straight for the JLPT materials, I'd argue.

u/enephon · 11 pointsr/hillaryclinton

I believe what you are describing is technically called bullshit.

u/Up2Eleven · 11 pointsr/IAmA

Some tips for those considering a trip there:

Always take taxis rather than tuktuks whenever possible, and make sure they use the meter. If they give you a hard time, walk on to another. It won't take long to find one who will comply.

When in the more populous, touristy places, avoid eye contact with anyone you don't intend to spend money with. The tuktuk drivers, touts, etc will flock to you if you look at them or respond in any way. It feels rude, but ignore them completely.

Read these 2 books: Vagabonding by Rolf Potts and The World Awaits by Paul Otteson.

Spend a lot of time on and the Lonely Planet Thorn Tree Forum before you go. Lots of great advice and information there.

Learn a little of the language. Even "thank you" will do wonders.

u/Dr_Scientist_ · 11 pointsr/changemyview

I have credibility issues with the organization you're citing from. While their "About" page is explicitly neutral (and that's genuinely admirable) every other inch of the webpage is taken up by mainstream conservative talking points. The books they want you to buy are: The War on Guns, More Guns Less Crime, The Bias Against Guns etc.

Their website seems determined to make the case that Europe suffers an equal share of gun violence with things like:

>UPDATE: CPRC Original Research: Of cases of at least 15 murders, all but two of the 25 worst mass public shootings, 59 of the worst 66, occurred outside the United States

>UPDATED: Comparing Death Rates from Mass Public Shootings and Mass Public Violence in the US and Europe

It really wants to hold up stats like Finland's one mass shooting to create their higher murder rate per million than the US, while trying to downplay more obvious facts like America's 350+ mass shootings last year alone. Also, if you go by CPRC's numbers, they estimate American mass shootings at a much more conservative 3 per year. Like they've only recorded 54 mass shootings since 1998.

Seriously. Check it out for yourself below or maybe click here if you don't want random files on your computer.


Do you see a pattern?

There seems to be a conscious effort to present a false consensus on gun violence. I don't know what the truth is but it's a lot more mixed opinion than this.

u/notinmymoney · 11 pointsr/BlackPeopleTwitter

> There is no evidence that armed citizens equates to less crime

Actually, there is :

This is probably the number 1 book on data on gun control and crime rate correlation. I've only read excerpts of it and I'm not looking to debate anyone, but there is no better data out there that I can find. If anyone is a fan of Frekonomics, I can tell you the data and research in this book is leagues better and more comprehensive.

There was another paper about how burglary rate in london rose after they practically banned guns, because thieves know owner won't have gun. There was also another paper on how gun crime in austrilia went down after gun confiscation. Anyway, people should do their own research about this.

> There is no evidence that armed citizens equates to less crime. Just as there is no evidence that unarmed citizens means less or more crime either.

If, like you said, there is no evidence of gun ownership vs crime rate, wouldn't it be very concerning that we're legislating so much without data? Why push for gun control or ownership when there is no data to support its effectiveness? Anyway, that book is the best data I found, would appreciate if anyone can point to better research.

u/SonofSaxon79 · 11 pointsr/The_Donald

Saul Alinsky. Not to be an "ass", but just to give the correct info.

u/Osgoodbad · 11 pointsr/fountainpens

Spencerian, though they've made some variations to make it their own.

[My wife got me some books for Christmas last year] (, and I like them a lot. The sentences from the workbooks feel like 19th century propaganda, and are a lot of fun to write.

u/WraitheDX · 11 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Pretty much everyone will tell you that is nearly impossible to accurately gauge. It depends on how much you study each day, what materials you have to help you, how good you are absorbing the information, etc.

I feel that if you have enough time to absorb around 20 vocab a day (not as hard as it sounds, some days I try for around 50) for the first few months (then cut it down a bit as you go, as the grammar you are covering becomes more involved), and practice 1-3 grammar points a day (depending on their complexity/involvement), and avoid kanji for the first month, then start slowly (5 a day, not learning more until you know the current and it's associated vocab), using this book:

I feel like you could read random sentences of a very simple manga within 6-12 months. These numbers are all arbitrary, as it all depends on your motivation and ability to truly absorb and retain all the information.

I can give you a list of materials that I find essential, and I think anyone that used them would recommend them as well:

A general textbook like Yookoso or Genki. I use Yookoso myself, but have heard little bad about either. You can skip this if you are good about learning what you need to focus on next on your own, or if you have someone else guiding your studies, but they are not that expensive, and I would recommend both levels of Genki or Yookoso.

Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar (once you learn the majority of it, they have a second and third level of this book [intermediate/advanced])

501 Japanese Verbs. Fantastic for learning conjugations, and checking yourself while you practice them each day.

The Learner's Kanji Dictionary. This will help you look up any Kanji you do not know, and does not have Furigana. It gives you stroke order, Chinese and Japanese pronunciations, and tons of vocab combinations for each Kanji. It is tricky learning how to look up Kanji by radicals, but you only need to learn it once. You can learn Kanji from this, but it would be a terrible idea, as it is a dictionary, and not organized in a way that will help you retain anything.

Lastly that Kanji book I linked earlier. Many will tell you it is silly to not learn Kanji right away as you learn the vocab, but it takes a lot longer, most modern texts have Furigana (the hiragana characters of how to pronounce the Kanji) for all the Kanji, and Kanji do not help for listening or speaking skills anyways.

I do feel that learning the Kanji from the get-go is far better for vocab retention, but you will pick up vocab so much more slowly. You can pick up Kanji later, once you can actually understand some basic Japanese and are much more motivated to continue your studies.

I listed the materials I recommend in the recommended order (minus the Kanji book listed early on, which I recommend last). Good luck, and let me know if you have any questions.

Edit: Also, learn the kana first. Both Hiragana and Katakana. There is no excuse not to, they are invaluable. I would go so far as to say do not even bother starting vocab until you are comfortable enough to sound out a word written in kana in your head without a reference. Does not matter if it takes you a while, you will see them every day, and you will get used to them. Bare minimum, write the entirety of both every morning and night, and whenever you find yourself bored throughout the day.

As always, others will argue this, but again, there is no excuse not to learn it. Most good learning resources will use it anyways. They are very easy to learn.

u/peregrinus14 · 11 pointsr/nfl

If you're a new fan (like me) then this one I would say is definitely worth it to get a better understanding of the nitty gritty that goes on during games.

Apart from that, I have seen numerous recommendations for Fan Notes (That I haven't read yet) as a good intro to football culture at large. This is currently on my reading list (About 3rd at the moment).

Here is a list of books by NFL's Chris Weaselling that you might find useful. I hope that is a useful enough introduction, and happy reading.

u/war7eagle · 11 pointsr/billsimmons

Keep your eye off the ball NFL edition is good

Take Your Eye Off the Ball 2.0: How to Watch Football by Knowing Where to Look

Also the art of smart football

The Art of Smart Football

u/usedOnlyInModeration · 10 pointsr/AskFeminists

Peter Singer is amazing. I remember having a 2-week breakdown and existential crisis when I read Animal Liberation. I just didn't know how to handle and accept the mind-blowingly immense suffering happening every second; I couldn't figure out how to go about my life with that fact existing. How could I simply turn my back on that fact, and not fight it every second? How could I possibly forget those animals and go about my life as if it weren't true?

Ultimately I had to make the conscious choice to forget. I could only do what I could do - become vegan, evangelize, be an advocate, protest, boycott, take part in everyday activism. But beyond that, what can I do for the billions of animals suffering unimaginable horrors every second?

There are facts and images seared into my brain that I cannot and never will forget - pigs snouts being sliced off and salt rubbed in the wound, cats being boiled alive in cages, raccoon dogs skinned alive and thrown in a pile of agony, animals caught in unbearable suffering in steel traps, others anally/vaginally/orally electrocuted to death for their furs, pigs boiled alive, chickens trampled and pecked to death in too-small to move cages, cows beaten and prodded to walk on broken legs, the heartbroken wail of a pig or cow whose baby is stolen away, male chicks ground up alive... I have SEEN these things. And it is unbearable.

I think these things should be shown to everybody. How anybody could bite into the flesh of a chicken after that is beyond me.

Edit: for those who may be interested in learning more:

u/manachar · 10 pointsr/bestof

There's a little book called On Bullshit by a moral philosopher who contemplated the prevalence of bullshit in the modern world. It was one of my favorite little reads of the last few decades.

I'd imagine Frankfurt would have a field day with reddit.

u/Jaggid1x · 10 pointsr/Animemes

Might I recommend Remembering the Kanji by Heisig? Couple it with an Anki deck from here (I recommend this one or any that includes the stories), and it becomes almost trivial.

Ridiculously effective for long-term memory as well.

u/consciouslyoblivious · 10 pointsr/BoJackHorseman

Get this

u/Snietzschean · 10 pointsr/booksuggestions

For future reference, /r/askphilosophy exists for these kinds of questions.

Now, if you're looking for something more narrative that will allow you to get your feet wet, you have a few different options.

Sophie's World is really quite enjoyable, though I suppose its intended audience is probably younger than yourself.

If you're looking for something more mature, you might try philosophical fiction like Camus' The Stranger or Sartre's Nausea. Both are a great way to get into something philosophical without having to worry too much about terminology or technical language.

If you're looking for something more analytic (logic, phil math, phil science, etc.), you might try something like Russell's The Problems of Philosophy. It's a pretty good read and it's short.

If you're looking for a general introduction to philosophy, something more mature than Sophie's World but focused on the history of philosophy as opposed to a particular area, you might want to look at something like Russell's The History of Western Philosophy. If you do get more involved in philosophy, you'll discover that the book has its flaws, and Russell was wrong about several of the philosophers that he discusses, but it's a good introduction to the history of philosophy that is easily accessible if you have the time to sit down and read it.

In terms of which one's are more fun to read, I'd say the philosophical fiction and Sophie's World are at the top, as the other two books are a bit more dry, but if you're looking for something substantive and not too technical, then all of these might serve your purposes.

I hope that helped in some way, and in future, if you have any philosophy related questions, don't hesitate to ask over in /r/askphilosophy.

u/scdozer435 · 10 pointsr/askphilosophy

The book I always recommend people start out with is Sophie's World, not because it's the most in-depth, but because it's the most accessible for a newcomer. It's also the most entertaining I've read. If you want something more in-depth, Russell's History of Western Philosophy is generally this subreddit's big recommendation, although I personally wouldn't say it's a great starting point. His reading of some thinkers is not great, and he's not quite as good at dumbing down certain ideas to an introductory level.

A good summary of philosophy will help you for a couple reasons. One, it will give you enough information to find out what thinkers and ideas interest you. If you're interested in a particular question or thinker, then that's obviously where you should go. Philosophy of religion? Logic? Aesthetics and art? Language? There's plenty written on all these topics, but it can be a bit overwhelming to try and just attack all of philosophy at once. Like any other field, there will be parts of it that click with you, and parts that don't really seem all that appealing. Find your niche, and pursue it. In addition to giving you an idea of where to go, a good overview will put ideas in context. Understanding Augustine and Aquinas will make more sense if you know that they're working with a foundation of the Greek thought of Plato and Aristotle. Descartes wrote his meditations during the enlightenment, and was a major contributor to much of the emphasis on reason that defined that era. Nietzsche and Kierkegaard's existentialist ideas become more powerful when you realize they're critiquing and challenging the technicality of Kant and Hegel. Ideas don't exist in a vacuum, and while you can't be expected to know all the details of everything, your niche area of interest will make more sense if you understand it's context.

As for easier texts that I'd recommend trying out (once you find an area of interest), here's a few that are pretty important and also fairly accessible. These are texts that are generally read by all philosophy students, due to their importance, but if you're just into this for personal interest, you can pick and choose a bit. Still, these are important works, so they'll be very good to read anyways.

Plato - Apology: not terribly dense, but an accessible text in which Socrates basically defends his pursuing philosophical thought. I'd recommend this as an accessible introduction that will get you to feel like philosophy matters; think of it as pump-up music before a big game.

Plato - The Republic: this is arguably Plato's most important work. In it, he talks about the nature of men, politics, education and art.

Aristotle - Nichomachean Ethics: a text that deals with leading a life in accordance with virtue. Aristotle's style is a bit dry and technical, but he's also very important.

Augustine - On Free Choice of the Will: a dialogue similar to Plato's in which Augustine argues that the existence of God does not conflict with man having free will.

Aquinas - Selected Excerpts: he wrote a lot, so you don't wanna try reading a whole one of his works. This selects his key ideas and puts them in bite-sized chunks. He's a big Christian thinker, arguing for the existence and goodness of God and related theological concepts.

Descartes - Meditations on First Philosophy: Descartes uses reason to prove he exists, along with some other things. Pretty easy to read, although it sparked a revolution in thought, making epistemology a central problem of philosophy.

Kant - Grounding for Metaphysics of Morals: one of his easier works, but it's still one of the more technical works I'm recommending, in which Kant demonstrates that morals are a priori.

Kierkegaard - Fear and Trembling: one of my favorite books, Kierkegaard writes about the nature of faith using the story of Abraham and Isaac as his starting point. A huge critic of Kant's obsession with pure reason, he is generally considered to be the first existential thinker.

Nietzsche - Beyond Good & Evil: Nietzsche is one of the more controversial thinkers in history. Also a critic of Kant, he is one of the most profound critics of religion. This book is one of his more important, in which he talks about his problems of religion, the culture around him, and at times points us in the direction he wants us to go. Know that he doesn't write in a terribly direct manner, so if you choose to read him, come here for assistance. He's a bit different to read, and can be challenging if you're not ready.

This list is by no means exhaustive, and having a good reference to help you along will be very helpful.

u/cabbagerat · 10 pointsr/compsci

Start with a good algorithms book like Introduction to algorithms. You'll also want a good discrete math text. Concrete Mathematics is one that I like, but there are several great alternatives. If you are learning new math, pick up The Princeton Companion To Mathematics, which is a great reference to have around if you find yourself with a gap in your knowledge. Not a seminal text in theoretical CS, but certain to expand your mind, is Purely functional data structures.

On the practice side, pick up a copy of The C programming language. Not only is K&R a classic text, and a great read, it really set the tone for the way that programming has been taught and learned ever since. I also highly recommend Elements of Programming.

Also, since you mention Papadimitriou, take a look at Logicomix.

u/FamousDrew · 9 pointsr/running

This was briefly talked about in Born To Run - a fantastic book if you haven't read it. Lots of details about ultra running, barefooting and just awesomeness.

u/eric_twinge · 9 pointsr/running

Seriously? Born to Run. Apparently once you get done reading it you are 100%, without-a-doubt convinced that humans specifically evolved to run long distances. So convinced that you run out and buy the first pair of VFFs you encounter.

I've read the Lieberman and Bramble's paper. It's a fantastic account of all the adaptations humans have amassed to become bipedal runners. These things shouldn't be surprising though. One would expect any arboreal animal to adopt similar enhancements as they move into a ground-based lifestyle. Their hypothesis is intriguing, but it falls quite short. Essentially it's a just so story, just like the aquatic ape hypothesis.

I'm not an anthropologist, so I don't personally have a concrete response to L&B. However, Pickering and Bunn do and they make a pretty good case against PR while shooting down L&B's idea.

Anyway, the fact remains that there is no evidence for early hominids engaging in this behavior. And there probably never will be. Personally, I think the idea of running a marathon, where there is a 50/50 chance that you may not eat after you're done and then have to try again sounds incredibly stupid in a primeval environment and discounts the eons of other eating and foraging habits early hominids would have known about. Also, even if there was a 100% success rate with PR, I'm still not convinced it is an optimal foraging habit, given that there are other options available.

u/G-Brain · 9 pointsr/math

You wouldn't be doing much mathematics if you stuck to writing about those topics.

You could take a look at The Princeton Companion to Mathematics (or some other source that contains a lot of mathematics), find a topic that piques your interest (even if initially you don't understand much about it), try to figure out as much as you can about it (you could ask questions on this subreddit), and then try to write an introduction to it at the level of your fellow students.

u/ichmusspinkle · 9 pointsr/math

Not a textbook per se, but I'll go with the Princeton Companion to Mathematics. It's a coherent (and surprisingly accessible) overview of just about all of pure math.

u/SharmaK · 9 pointsr/books

For some physics :
Penrose - Road to Reality

Gleick - Chaos

Some math/philosophy :
Hofstadter - Godel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid

Anything early by Dawkins if you want to avoid the atheist stuff though his latest is good too.

Anything by Robert Wright for the evolution of human morality.

Pinker for language and the Mind.

Matt Ridley for more biology.

u/Markkus619 · 9 pointsr/brasil

Se até 2003, quando se entrava na primeira delegacia de polícia que encontrasse e rapidamente saia com um documento autorizando o porte de sua arma. Por que não era uma carnificina como argumentam que seria se liberassem o porte?

A mas o estatuto salvou vidas...
A resposta pra essa falácia esta aqui.

Sugiro ver os seguintes dado:

No Brasil, após a entrada em vigor do Estatuto do Desarmamento, os números de homicídios praticados com armas de fogo chegaram aos mais altos níveis da história, levando em consideração o crescimento populacional.

No Texas, quando se compara o perfil dos cidadãos que têm porte de arma com aqueles que não têm, observa-se que quem porta armas tem 7,6 vezes menos chances de cometer um crime.

O caso da Inglaterra é bastante emblemático. Assim como no Brasil, com a entrada em vigor do 1997 Firearms Act, lei que proibia o cidadão de portar armas, o país se tornou uma região fértil para a criminalidade.

De acordo com KERRY & LOVETT (2009), a Inglaterra (e o País de Gales) tem o maior número de estupros da Europa. A partir de 1997, ano de entrada em vigor da legislação contra a liberdade de acesso às armas o aumento de casos cresce a números nunca antes vistos.

Em 1959 a Índia começava a controlar armas. Nas décadas seguintes o número de homicídios bateu recorde sucessivos, até 1987.

WRIGHT & ROSSI por meio de questionário analisaram a relação entre os condenados e as armas.

Entre os muitos dados descobertos destaca-se este: 57% dos entrevistados disseram ter mais medo de um cidadão armado do que da polícia. Quase 90% deles acreditam também que um criminoso “habilidoso” deve descobrir se a vítima está armada ou não, antes de realizar o crime.

Considerando que utiliza-se a polícia ostensiva como forma de inibir o crime, o estudo aponta que uma sociedade armada pode ter mais efeito nessa variável que milhares de viaturas nas ruas.

KLECK & GERTZ (1995) procuraram entender melhor como as pessoas utilizavam as armas para defesa.

Uma das descobertas de seu estudo foi o fato de que na esmagadora maioria das vezes em que uma arma é utilizada para proteger alguém, nenhum disparo é efetuado.

Em outras palavras, não existe notificação policial, não há manchete de jornal e, não fosse por uma pesquisa como esta, ninguém ficaria sabendo.

O Ministério da Justiça dos Estados Unidos tem um dos estudos mais importantes do mundo sobre o estupro e as reações de suas vítimas.

Entre vários dados que corroboram a hipótese de que vale a pena reagir a um estupro, o mais expressivo é este: Em apenas 3% dos casos, quando a vítima está armada, seja com uma arma de fogo ou com uma faca, o estupro é consumado.

Aconteceu na Nova Zelândia o mesmo que já vimos em vários outros países. Em 1983 os neozelandeses começavam o seu controle de armas.

Nos anos subsequentes o número de estupros cresceu exponencialmente, de acordo com os dados do próprio governo.

Em 1983 a Nova Zelândia criava sua primeira lei de controle de armas. Os neozelandeses acreditavam que era preciso controlar as armas para evitar que os criminosos tivessem acesso a elas.

Nos anos seguintes a esta primeira legislação, os crimes violentos aumentaram a níveis inéditos.

Os políticos da Nova Zelândia, contudo, ainda não haviam aprendido a lição. Em 1992 promulgaram mais uma lei, que tornava ainda mais restrito o acesso a armas, em especial a armas longas semiautomáticas, como o Ar-15.

Os crimes passaram então a crescer em uma taxa ainda mais alta, conforme apontam os dados fornecidos pelo Ministério da Justiça da Nova Zelândia.

É possível inferir, que as restrições a armas – não importa de que natureza – não apenas não ajudam a coibir os crimes como podem fornecer um fator “protetor” aos criminosos, encorajando a prática dos delitos.

A análise criteriosa dos dados de acidentes, homicídios, suicídios e uso defensivo de armas de fogo, nos mostra que para cada caso de morte, 13 vidas são salvas com a utilização desta ferramenta.

Os dados em questão referem-se aos Estados Unidos, o país com maior número de armas por habitante do mundo

De acordo com LOTT & LANDES, leis que permitem o porte de armas tendem a reduzir: a) número de mortos em homicídios em massa; b) número de feridos nesses incidentes e, c) os próprios homicídios em massa ou tiroteios.

Desde 2003, ano da entrada em vigor do Estatuto do Desarmamento, os gastos reais (corrigidos pela inflação) com segurança pública crescem ano após ano. Ainda assim, todos os indicadores de crimes violentos apenas aumentam.

O estudo suíço denominado “Small Arms Survey” fornece rica fonte de informação sobre armas em todo o mundo.

Os dados levantados em Genebra, corroboram a hipótese de que existe uma tendência de que países com mais armas em poder do povo tenham índices menores de violência.

No Brasil, com uma das legislações mais restritivas do planeta sobre armas de fogo, chegamos ao patamar do país mais violento do mundo, sendo que aproximadamente 90% dos crimes são cometidos com armas de fogo.

No Canadá, com 30 armas para cada 100 habitantes, e uma legislação relativamente liberal, as armas de fogo – de fácil aquisição – raramente são utilizadas em crimes.

Em 1994, os Estados Unidos editaram a chamada “Federal Assault Weapons Ban”, uma restrição a determinados tipos de armas, criados na fértil imaginação dos desarmamentistas.

Como sempre, a desculpa era de que “ninguém precisava de um fuzil de assalto” e, como sempre, os resultados foram catastróficos.

GIUS (2014) examinou alguns efeitos das restrições de armas de assalto e uma das conclusões foi o aumento de 19,3% na taxa de homicídios.

Você já deve ter visto um desarmamentista tentando se aproveitar dos incautos, ao esbravejar freneticamente o suposto enorme perigo das armas em relação as crianças.

Primeiro, eles tentam fazê-los acreditar que armas causam acidentes e, sem demora, logo se lembram de incidentes extraordinários em que algum maluco armado invadiu uma escola e começou a atirar.

Mas o que a ciência e a estatística têm a dizer sobre isso? Será que o terrorismo em que se especializaram os desarmamentistas tem algum fundamento?

Além de o índice de acidentes com armas de fogo ser muito inferior a outras situações mais banais, como afogamento, choque elétrico, sufocação, quedas e envenenamentos, quando analisamos os dados estadunidenses de 1993 a 2011, notamos que enquanto a disponibilidade de armas de fogo – incluídos fuzis, pistolas, espingardas e revólveres – aumenta, o número de crianças mortas por armas de fogo decresce sistematicamente.

Mais uma vez, quem defende o desarmamento não consegue sustentar seus argumentos frente a dados simples.

No na parte de Estatística e Ciência tem todo o compilado. Se quiser mais a fundo vai ter que buscar os estudos.

De livros recomendo:

Mentiram Para Mim Sobre o Desarmamento

Preconceito Contra As Armas

More Guns, Less Crime

E as palestra e debates do Bene Barbosa

u/Besamel · 9 pointsr/LearnJapanese

That book you linked is only going to teach him Kanji, not vocabulary and grammar. A well respected first step would be the Genki series. There are 2 series and both series have a main textbook and a workbook.

Genki I (second edition)

Genki I Workbook (Second Edition)

u/sukottoburaun · 9 pointsr/latin

Lingua Latina per se Illustrata, Pars I: Familia Romana is quite good. It teaches Latin completely in Latin. There are online exercises for this at

u/Ibrey · 9 pointsr/Catholicism

Have no fear of learning more Latin than you need. After all, if you want to read the Vulgate, you'll probably also want to read papal encyclicals, conciliar documents, untranslated patristic texts, etc., not to mention secular authors like Cicero and Vergil. I recommend studying by immersion with Hans Ørberg's reader Lingua Latina per se Illustrata. Do all the exercises. Build up to reading unadapted excerpts from classical authors in part II. Then approach the Vulgate.

u/Pipewatch · 9 pointsr/latin

I wholeheartedly recommend this book and this book.

u/unsexyMF · 9 pointsr/math

The Princeton Companion to Mathematics is a really good resource for understanding the broad landscape of what's currently big in math research. It goes into great detail about the history of different branches, biographies of famous mathematicians, small summaries of key concepts, and applications in the modern world. The list price is close to $80, but there might be other ways of finding a copy (wink).

u/WhackAMoleE · 9 pointsr/math
u/jacobheiss · 9 pointsr/relationships

For clarification, this smacks of bullshit in the technical sense of the term, which is probably why it is being down-voted. But you framed this as a logical response; so, my rejoinder will be in kind:

The fact that your relationship with your wife did not work out despite having allegedly started as an infatuation illustrates that infatuation with someone is an insufficient condition for achieving a state of happy commitment. The collective testimony of human experience has also shown that infatuation is not a necessary condition for this desired state of affairs; there are all sorts of people who have wound up in happily committed relationships without having first passed through a stage of infatuation. But if infatuation is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for achieving a happily committed relationship, then it is logically of no consequence whatsoever for that project.

Still with me?

The various respondents are arguing that your articulated feelings towards your coworker bear a family resemblance to infatuation. If they are correct, then your feelings towards your coworker ironically need to be bracketed--as in, literally set aside from your processing of your options--in order for you to make the decision about your future soundly. On the other hand, in order to demonstrate that these respondents are incorrect in this assessment, you will need to show why your feelings towards your coworker go well beyond infatuation to something far more substantial.

It will be extremely difficult for you to establish the aforementioned demonstration given the ways you have already described the points of attraction between you and your coworker, e.g. bonding over memes seems juvenile to the majority of us who are responding, the high level of excitement and nervousness you posses with respect to communicating with your coworker suggests emotional infidelity / unwise boundary crossing, etc. Absent this demonstration, you have no good reason to pursue a relationship with your coworker on the basis you articulated in your comment here--and this is without even considering the ramifications with respect to your wife and child.

This part of your initial submission is interesting:

> I eventually agreed to try to work it out with her and to try to fix our problems, not wanting to lose everything. Her conservative father talked to me in private, and shockingly told me that he understood exactly how I felt because he had the same situation and that I should go with my heart and that I need to make a decision (as opposed to murdering me for hurting his daughter so badly). Tonight, my wife left again and said that I need to decide between my coworker and her and to tell her my decision. And here I am now.

Your wife is right. Follow through with all those small decisions of commitment culminating in your marriage right up to the one you articulated at the top of this paragraph: Try to work it out with your wife, and try to fix your collective problems. It may suck, but it will suck nowhere near as much as the alternative with which you're toying--an alternative that is not just a poor idea based on people's opinions but one that is logically indefensible given all of the above.

You probably know that the etymology of the term "husband" refers to a man who is a "house dweller." The connotation of the term comes out more fully in its verbal form, where "husbandry" refers to the management of one's household.

Do this.

Build, lead, and defend your house to the death. The support you're receiving from wife, your father-in-law, the substantial majority of respondents, and (according to your story) even your coworker to that end should be more than encouraging--it should make you want to kick some freaking ass for your family. Perhaps the way things have played out so far for you mitigate against that. Perhaps being "behind" your wife's pace in college and financially beholden to your in-laws makes you feel emasculated, among other things. The way to deal with this is to manage your freaking house, not burn it down.

Holler if you want more input; meanwhile, all the best...

u/my_dude__ · 9 pointsr/minimalist


You've earned the gift every lurker on that sub, myself included, dreams of. Sure, you may still need to work, but you can work from anywhere with a half decent internet connection. Travel, experience the world in a way most people aren't fortunate enough to be able to. Hop on Airbnb, type in a destination you've always wanted to go to, and set your dates for the entire month of May. You've hit the jackpot, congratulations. Vagabonding is a great book on the topic. Rolf Potts' other book, Marco Polo Didn't Go There is also a phenomenal read.

r/onebag if you want to get extra obnoxious (in a good way!) about how little you own.

r/vandwellers if you want to travel the US in a van.

u/ErikaGuardianOfPrinc · 9 pointsr/Shadowverse

I think it's a kinda poor way to learn kanji on it's own, but for kana and general vocabulary it's fine. It's a good supplement to use in conjunction with other resources.

For kanji a friend of mine recommended Remembering the Kanji by Heisig. His method is working the best for me.

u/an_ennui · 9 pointsr/orlando

Suburban development 🎉

For those interested, this book gives a very easy-to-read overview on American city planning: It’s tough to read living here, though, because after reading it you’ll definitely be bothered by so many things you never noticed before.

u/ONE_MAN_MILITIA · 9 pointsr/PenmanshipPorn

I loved this set to learn with, thought you'd appreciate
Spencerian Penmanship (Theory Book plus five copybooks)

u/terribleatkaraoke · 9 pointsr/Calligraphy

Why not a lovely Spencerian letter? It doesn't have to be the ornate kind written with a dip pen, that'll take too long to learn. But you can simply buy a cheap fountain pen, fill it with a nice colored ink, and practice writing in a nice monoline script (ignore all the shadings). You can also consider business handwriting and spruce it up with a bit of fancy capitals. Lessons are free at the iampeth website although if you are serious you can buy these copybooks, fill up all the pages and voila.. instant pants dropping love letter.

u/respeckKnuckles · 8 pointsr/Professors

Very cool. What definition of 'bullshit' are you using? I use Frankfurt's whenever it comes up.

u/jjs2424 · 8 pointsr/uberdrivers

I've figured it out... I think Uber very intentionally makes statements that, while misleading, cannot be shown to be outright lies. Let's break this one down.

  • "…price cuts incentivizes riders to take more trips, more often."

  • "...resulting in greater earnings for our partners."
    Possibly true in aggregate if "earnings" just means fares taken in, as opposed to actual profit.

  • "…this price change will ultimately increase drivers’ average hourly revenue."
    Plausible. However, what normal people and companies care about isn't revenue – it's profit. Past a certain point (long since past in most US UberX markets), "partner" profits decline significantly despite increased revenue.

    So, if Uber made these statements under penalty of perjury in a court, they'd probably be safe. But they're also calculated to mislead and total bullshit.

    Randomly, for those interested in a moral philosophical consideration of making statements like these, I recommended the delightful On Bullshit by Prof. Henry Frankfurt.
u/Iskandar11 · 8 pointsr/AskReddit
u/NucleoPyro · 8 pointsr/LearnJapanese

There are many different approaches to learning Kanji that people will advocate. Some of the most popular include

  • Learning common Kanji and vocab words that use them (The back chapters of Genki)

  • Brute force kanji without using radicals (Various kanji books)

  • Learning radicals and then Kanji comprised of those via mnemonics (Heisig)

    • Subset: Learn vocab words for each kanji in addition to mnemonics and radicals (Kodansha)

      Or you can take the independent approach: As you come across words you don't know, learn the kanji and that word at the same time. Look up the stroke order for kanji as you come across them and don't worry about systematically learning every 常用 kanji.

      What works best will depend on your learning style. I've briefly tried each of these methods. What I recommend to people now is Kodansha. Here's the basic process for how I learn 8 kanji every day:

  1. First review the last 8 kanji I learned by seeing if I can remember the mnemonics. Try to draw them by hand. If I remember the vocab words I might write them down too, but I usually just review vocab using anki.

  2. Go through 4 kanji and their mnemonics. Write each one at least once to get a feel for the stroke order. Go through the next 4 in the same way.

  3. Add all the vocab that Kodansha recommends memorizing to my custom anki deck. (There is a community anki deck but I prefer to do it in my own style.)

  4. Briefly look over the 8 kanji I learned today and the 8 I learned yesterday again.

    You can choose any number of kanji to do each day, just don't overload yourself with something ridiculous like 100 per day. Basically the way this method works is you learn each kanji via its radical components and you learn the multiple pronunciations or meanings by memorizing applicable vocabulary.

    I review the kanji from days farther back than yesterday using a kanji application on my phone that allows me to make custom kanji lists and practice drawing them. Again a different method might work better for you, this is just how I choose to do it. I could go through my specific problems with each of the other methods if you'd like but I think this post is long enough as it is.

    Resources referenced:


    Android Kanji Study app


    Community Kodansha Deck

    And the other kanji book I used a long time ago:

u/ashwin911 · 8 pointsr/Games

This is the latest edition of Remembering the Kanji

And here you can find the RTK deck for Anki

u/Lankei · 8 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Check out Remembering the Kanji by James Heisig.

Learning kanji by radicals is a good way of doing things, but for most everyone, an additional layer of abstraction is required to memorize things well. That is to say, creating stories or mnemonics using these radicals is an effective way to learn kanji.

There's been a lot of discussion on Remembering the Kanji and similar programs such as the Kodansha Kanji Learner's Course, so I'd check that out.

u/BreadstickNinja · 8 pointsr/anime


Best places to start are to learn the two main Japanese alphabets, hiragana and katakana. A good place to start with that is here.

Next, you need a grammar resource. Tae Kim is a good free online resource. You could also get a popular textbook like Genki.

Lastly, you need a resource for learning kanji, the complex characters adapted from Chinese that make up a lot of Japanese writing. The first two levels of WaniKani are free.

It takes a couple months of study before you really start to feel like you're making progress, but after a year or so a lot of easy reading material becomes approachable. There's also a huge and awesome community of people doing the same thing. Give it a try if you feel like it!

u/mca62511 · 8 pointsr/LearnJapanese

You should probably just use Genki

It is possible to learn Japanese using only the internet and free sources, but it certainly makes things more difficult. The advantage of using a standardized textbook and traditional learning methods is that you get a solid foundation, both in the sense that it gets you started on the right foot, but also in that it teaches you what sort of things you need to learn in the first place.

I highly recommend you try getting and using Genki. See if it is available from your local library, for example.

Yes, it is possible to learn Japanese using just free resources found on the internet.

These days, everything you could possibly want for learning Japanese exists on the internet right now.

If you learn how to use Anki (the best and most popular free flashcard program) you can get SRS flashcards without paying for a fancy website. TextFugu's free lessons will get you started with using Anki while at the same time teach you hiragana and katakana (the two syllabaries used in Japanese).

If you use Tae Kim's grammar guide and other online sources, you technically don't need a textbook. Imabi is another website similar to Tae Kim that people like. Duolingo might even be worth your time, assuming you utilize the discussion forums and that community to make sure you understand the grammar which is poorly taught by the app.

If you use HelloTalk, iTalki, and HiNative you can interact with Japanese people who'll help correct your compositions, and that could potentially lead to language exchange friendships where you Skype and practice conversation.

You can find free reading material online for practice, both by nature of the entire Japanese internet being at your fingertips, but also due to free websites like NHK Easy News and Watanoc.

You can assess your skills without ever paying for a standardized test by using the J-Cat.

You can find communities of fellow learners here on /r/LearnJapanese (we've got some good guides in the sidebar, btw), on the Japanese Language Stack Exchange, and /jp/'s Daily Japanese Thread (they've got a good guide for getting started over there).

u/finalDraft_v012 · 8 pointsr/Fitness

I'm gonna say it... Born to Run. It's the one fitness related book that actually got me hyped, long term, for running. I may not be able to do an ultra, but I'm for once taking running seriously and have found I can already do things I didn't think were possible for my body. I feel stronger and happier, and it's thanks to that book for inspiring me to run. Not to mention, I don't get knee pain or shin splints anymore once I learned about the whole forefoot strike thing (though I still wear real sneakers).

EDIT: added link.

u/hostesstwinkie · 8 pointsr/technology

It's actually a quote from "Rules for Radicals". It's a must read for just about any politician worth his or her salt. It's basically a political warfare manual. Read that, "The Prince", "On War" and "The art of war" and you will have a pretty good understanding of what they are actually doing up there. There are several other books I'd recommend if you really want an understanding, but those are a good start.

u/themanbat · 8 pointsr/CCW

Here's a site with some data saying among other things that Concealed Carry permit holders are about 5 times less likely to kill someone than the average citizen.

So just carrying isn't going to make you more dangerous. Sure you'll probably never need it, but it may save your life or the lives of others, so you might as well be prepared. Here's a list of some of the cases you never hear about where mass shooters were stopped by armed citizens.

The NRA has a great column called Armed Citizen where they report a few noted examples of guns doing good every month. It might be good to mention that a gun is no good to you if you can't get to it in time. Even if you are at home with the gun relatively close by, during a home invasion, the gun isn't going to do you any good upstairs in the safe when you are being beaten up in the entry way.

Also people aren't the only problems that a firearm can solve. Dogs can attack people. So do wild animals. The lady in this case was lucky, but having a pistol on hand might have helped her drive the bear off without getting scratched up so badly.!bB2aVN

There's also a great book called, More Guns Less Crime, that is chock full of studies on the subject.

u/asehic89 · 8 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Why don't you try a book that helps you learn Kanji and Vocabulary associated with those Kanji?

I recommend this:

There are also memrise quizzes to drill yourself on what you learned:

"こんにちは" is the right way to write Konnichiwa. What were you trying to say with the second part, mainly "多町"?

Good luck!

u/meteotor · 8 pointsr/latin

I advice you to get a copy of Hans Ørberg's "Lingva Latina - Familia Romana". It has an ascending difficulty level, and you can get used to read Latin again with the easier chapters and learn more with the later and thus harder chapters. You can get it here:

Good luck in learning more Latin!

u/Ryslin · 7 pointsr/Calligraphy

I'm not sure if you're asking how to do the more advanced stuff that /u/kapule910 did, or if you're looking to get started. If it's the latter, be sure to check out the Spencerian Penmanship Theorybook -

It was written by Spencer's children/pupils and provides an excellent introduction to the style, along with practice books / exercises. A bit old school, but I think that adds to the charm. =o)

u/PianoDevil · 7 pointsr/Catholicism

For my high school we had to take 3 years of Latin. We used Memrise for Latin vocabulary and the book Lingua Latina. I reccomend this book because it is subtly super Catholic and there are many books that help understand. It goes over all necessary Latin grammar which combined with Memrise helped me a lot to learn Latin.

u/cwf82 · 7 pointsr/languagelearning

Find a copy of Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata. Libraries sometimes have copies, or you might be able to find a cheap, used copy. Even better if you can get the audio with it. It is a good, intuitive way to introduce you to the language, and makes learning basic declensions a bit more fun, because you are following along with a story, instead of just rote memorizing tables.

u/rdh2121 · 7 pointsr/languagelearning

If you just want to learn it to read it, there's no better combination than Wheelock's Latin and Hans Orberg's Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata. Wheelock gives you the grammar, and reading Orberg will improve your reading speed and comprehension by leaps and bounds.

u/ajh6w · 7 pointsr/nfl

Pat Kirwan's Take your eye off the ball is amazing.

Worth every penny.

u/pandastaylorswift · 7 pointsr/SubredditDrama

>Going by that definition, I would say that this guy has more passive, partial muscle contraction than this guy. By that metric, I would say that there is definitely such as thing as too much muscle tone.

Surely you're not serious.

>But there is a common range of athletic feats that people can expect to encounter every day. Lifting heavy things, moving heavy things constantly over a long period of time, being able to move your body for a long amount of time, etc. You're not going to need to move your body 26.2 miles very often, and you're not going to need to lift 300lb objects for a short amount of time very often. But a construction worker may spend all day moving 20lb objects. A guido may need to be able to move many different muscles very fast for 30 seconds if someone hits on his girl. That same guido many need to move his legs very fast if that someone ends up being a lot bigger than him.

Nothing in there is context independent.

People have made arguments about pop-science-evolutionary-based-fitness and the need for extreme long distance steady state cardio (Born to run, etc, etc). You can try to break down things into fundamental principles (see Crossfit and/or Movnat). You can center your arguments about hypothetical lifestyles (construction works swinging a hammer, etc). Regardless of any of these arguments you can't isolate any absolute metric of athleticism that would span what most people would consider to be athletics.

u/julianwolf · 7 pointsr/intj

Start by reading this.

u/Lynxx · 7 pointsr/askphilosophy

The first two books that come to mind are The Story of Philosophy by William Durant, and A History of Western Philosophy by Bertrand Russell. I've never read the Russell book personally, but I've heard great things about it (plus, its got a great cover).

u/itsonlyastrongbuzz · 7 pointsr/NavyBlazer

Reading: Ben Hogan's Five Lessons: The Modern Fundamentals of Golf I've always been all arms in my swing, but want to (need to) bring my game in the next level.

Hit a new indoor spot this past weekend and Jesus does that make a difference.

Using a shitty old banged up Wilson driver (still haven't pulled the trigger on my Cobra F7) and bringing rotation into it, I was hitting 240-270yds reliably and straight, which is about 30 yards better than my best drives. Felt great too.

Can't wait to get comfortable with it and pair it with a new driver and some decent soft balls and really drive the green.

u/Mashiki · 7 pointsr/KotakuInAction

Time for you to go read this: Rules for radicals

u/swiz0r · 7 pointsr/math

I heard good things about Princeton Companion, but I have never read it.

u/slipperypete9999 · 7 pointsr/TheCinemassacreTruth

Apparently 'On Bullshit' is real, lol.

As for the episode, yes, it was very lackluster, but those games do look like garbage, even for the time, there were much better options, as the Nerd pointed out.

Overall impressions: AVGN has clearly run its course, and needs to be retired. But all of us here know that.

u/Corican · 7 pointsr/backpacking

I HIGHLY recommend this book.

u/pgaf · 7 pointsr/travel

Read this book: Vagabonding by Rolf Potts

u/Nukemarine · 7 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Looking over those, this seems like the best choice.

u/TriggerHippie0202 · 7 pointsr/vegan

I would add to /u/AlwaysUnite list Peter Singer's Animal Liberation -

Know that the first version was written in 1975...

u/avenirweiss · 7 pointsr/books

I know I must be missing some, but these are all that I can think of at the moment.


Collected Fictions by Jorge Luis Borges

The Stranger by Albert Camus

The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay by Michael Chabon

White Noise by Don Delilo

A Visit from the Goon Squad by Jennifer Egan

The Waste Land by T. S. Eliot

Everything that Rises Must Converge by Flannery O'Connor

His Dark Materials by Philip Pullman

The Crying of Lot 49 by Thomas Pynchon

Cryptonomicon by Neal Stephenson

Brief Interviews with Hideous Men by DFW

Infinite Jest by DFW

Of these, you can't go wrong with Infinite Jest and the Collected Fictions of Borges. His Dark Materials is an easy and classic read, probably the lightest fare on this list.


The Music of the Primes by Marcus du Sautoy

Chaos by James Gleick

How to be Gay by David Halperin

Barrel Fever by David Sedaris

Let's Explore Diabetes with Owls by David Sedaris

Secret Historian by Justin Spring

Of these, Secret Historian was definitely the most interesting, though How to be Gay was a good intro to queer theory.

u/Vitalstatistix · 7 pointsr/videos

That may be in this instance, but persistence hunting is absolutely a real practice. Check out groups like the Tarahumara who run 120 miles in one session. For more information and an awesome read, check out Born to Run by Christopher McDougall, who went to Mexico to learn how the Tarahumara could run so far, especially barefoot, without "much" difficulty.

u/TychoCelchuuu · 6 pointsr/AskCulinary

The classic (and quite convincing) book on this topic is Peter Singer's Animal Liberation.

Since nobody's going to read a book someone suggests on reddit, here's a very short argument to think buying meat to eat is often unethical:

  1. It's wrong to inflict pain and suffering on non-human animals for pleasure. For instance, it's wrong to give a puppy a swift kick to the ribs because it would be funny.
  2. It's wrong to pay other people to inflict pain and suffering on non-human animals for pleasure. Paying someone else to kick the puppy isn't okay, for instance.
  3. Much of the meat we eat comes from animals that have undergone pain and suffering because they were raised in rather unhappy conditions.
  4. Therefore it's wrong to buy much of the meat we eat.

    There are some additional ethical reasons for not eating much (or any) meat - you might think it's wrong not just to inflict pain and suffering on non-human animals but also to kill them if they're not sick (maybe it would be wrong to give the puppy a lethal injection, for instance), or that it's wrong to support the environmentally damaging meat industry, or it's wrong to use calories to raise non-humans animals for meat when humans are starving.
u/JarJarBinks4Ever · 6 pointsr/philosophy

For anyone interested in learning more about this line of thinking, Singer's book Animal Liberation is fantastic.

u/H335 · 6 pointsr/progun

What you are trying to do has been done by John Lott, including normalizing for gun laws, crime laws, demographics, urban vs. rural, etc.

His methodologies (which he covers in detail) may help you with your analysis.

More Guns, Less Crime: Understanding Crime and Gun Control Laws, Third Edition (Studies in Law and Economics)

Also take a look at Crime Prevention Research Center and

u/wharris2001 · 6 pointsr/Conservative

Not astonishing at all to anyone who studied the issue. For a summary of relevant research from someone studying the data for decades, see



u/routinely_sarcastic · 6 pointsr/politics

> How can all of you instantly turn on anyone who isn't doing exactly what you think is right?

Because if its wrong, its wrong.

That DOJ memo is wrong.

I don't tolerate putting up with bullshit for the sake of compromise, and Mueller trotting out that DOJ memo was bullshit.

"We have compromised on this less smelly bullshit" is not a good compromise, its still just bullshit.

u/salvadors · 6 pointsr/wanderlust

Ralph Potts' "Vagabonding" is pretty good:

u/RamenvsSushi · 6 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Khatzumoto :
Khatzumoto learned to be fluent in Japanese in 18 months. He did this through complete immersion. He would listen to Japanese every single day even if he didn't understand most of it at first. Learning is all about TIME. He learned how to read and write fluently by going over many sentences through SRS(Spaced Repitition System). As for Kanji, he recommends the Heisig method which I myself found extremely helpful and have a much easier time learning Kanji. If you don't want to purchase you can find a torrent very easily.

Explanation in video bits:

Watching Japanese videos without subtitles

4 stages of listening

You'll suck at it less as time goes on

I do highly recommend watching all 3 parts of the videos as there is a lot more information in them.


10,000 Hours of Listening Comprehension

10,000 Sentences

Additional Sources I use for Learning 日本語:

Anki Deck for Sentences



Learning at first is overwhelming but definitely will get easier over time. But that's the thing, you have to give it a chance.

u/SuperFreddy · 6 pointsr/japan

Listen to me right now. Listen to me good.

Remembering the Kanji is probably one of the best ways to achieve what you're talking about. However, according to the introduction of the book, it will hurt you to read it alongside a Japanese course or in conjunction with other Kanji-memorizing methods. So just dedicate a few weeks to learning the 2,200 Kanji this books teaches. It claims that you can do it in 4-6 weeks if you're dedicated enough. Highly recommended.

Edit: Oh, and then there is a second and third volume which help with pronunciation of Kanji and introduce you to advanced Kanji, respectively. But even mastering the first volume puts you at a great advantage to learning Japanese.

u/silverforest · 6 pointsr/languagelearning

Hey! Good to see someone interested in East Asian languages! The CJKV writing system normally throws a lot of people off.

CJK Writing System

I wrote a short little rant a while back on how the characters are constructed that you might want to read.

There are methods of learning the characters that make use of their structure. Heisig's RtK and RtH books (Amazon link) are the most well known books I think. Fansites such as Reviewing the Kanji and Reviewing the Hanzi also exist which you might want to take a look at.

Not sure if you like RtK? Here's the sampler. See if you like it after learning 276 characters~


The only thing headache inducing about any Chinese dialect is the writing system and tones.

Note that though we call them "dialects", it is a matter of politics as most of them are mutually unintelligible. A Cantonese or Mandarin speaker is unlikely to understand a Hokkien speaker at all, for example.

Written chinese, on the other hand, is in Mandarin and only in Mandarin -- the other dialects do not have writing systems. Well... the notable exception is Written Cantonese, but that's can be seen as a variant of standard written chinese.

Oh! There are have two variants of the standard writing system: Simplified and Traditional. I had learnt the former in school, and I can read the latter after learning about the simplification process, so just pick one and stick with it.

I personally find Mandarin grammar to quite simple. This might be because it's an isolating language.

u/heartbeats · 6 pointsr/starterpacks

I think the issue is more generally about economic opportunities and where employers are locating these days. I always wonder what people do for work in these smaller rural towns, and how I'd conceivably make a living if I decided to move there. Besides tradeswork, healthcare, government, some manufacturing and agriculture, what else is there really? We're urbanizing at a clip, both nationally and globally, and employers are increasingly relocating to urban centers where the talent is. There seems to be more opportunity in urban areas, with rural towns feeling like they're hollowed out leaving older folks on social security and younger folks in the rural poverty trap. I would honestly like to move to more rural environs to be closer to nature, but can't help but feel that's not where our economy is heading. Rural living has a lot more of an environmental impact, as well, with the car-dependency and the costs of transporting all those goods/services to more rural areas.

Sprawling suburbia is among the most environmentally and financially unsustainable movements in recent history. It is a sad, identity-less landscape that is actually really terrible over a number of different indicators. Highly recommend reading this short book to learn more about why suburbia ain't it.

u/cruzweb · 6 pointsr/AskReddit

Thanks, glad to see people are taking the time to read it. IMO, there's a reason why city-states were the basic structure of settlement for centuries.

Here's some additional reading if you're so inclined:

Suburban Nation:

The Wealth of Cities:

Crabgrass Frontier:

Green Metropolis (great look at the environmental aspects of sprawl from a non-traditional viewpoint. Gotta love any green stuff that rips into the sierra club) :

u/blapto · 6 pointsr/latin

If you want to learn the language most on here will probably reccomend Lingua Latina per se Illustrata. There's a lot of other options as well and I'm sure others will recommend them. Personally, I went the more traditional route (Wheelock's and Writing Latin, then working through a reader and finally just going through Virgil, Livy, etc.) and am currently going through LLPSI for the first time myself, so I can't really preach it's benefits yet haha.

For the Mantras why don't you post them, if you can, and someone might help you out!

u/Subs-man · 6 pointsr/latin

There's a book called Reading Medieval Latin by Keith Sidwell in which he goes into the cultural & historical context of that particular variation of Latin. However it starts at an intermediate level & does assume you already know basic Latin.

So I suggest to get up to the level expected in this book, read it's predecessor Reading Latin by Keith Sidwell or read Hans Ørberg's Lingua Latina Per Se Illvstrata

u/prudecru · 6 pointsr/CatholicMemes

Ditch that garbage app and dive into the easy, comfortable, inexpensive old-world wholesomeness that is the Lingua Latina series.

The best part is Hans Ørberg will never delete your account because you don't have one

u/Willsxyz · 6 pointsr/latin

You want books to learn Latin and Greek, but you don't want books that are written for the purpose of teaching Latin and Greek?

I'm going to throw a textbook at you anyway, but you might like it:

Familia Romana:

Get the Exercitia too:

u/tynman · 6 pointsr/AskReddit

I run barefoot whenever possible. It's a WHOLE other experience! Read Born to Run by Chris McDougall ( to get the full scoop, or see Barefoot Ted's blog ( for the hard-core enthusiast community.

u/darthjoey91 · 6 pointsr/comicbooks

Yes. He's primarily an author, with his latest book being The Fault in Our Stars.

Read it.

u/combatmedic82 · 6 pointsr/Conservative

A reasonable, polite comment, with unfortunately, nonsensical equivocations. Sorry, no, the Tea Party movement was not plagued with violence, looting and riots. Disruptive town halls, by attending and then shouting? Sure. But that's where the comparison ends.

The other, left-leaning groups you listed have been plagued by violence, rioting, and looting. There are literally playbooks, written by Left-wingers, about how to sow violent, chaos in order to foment "change". Enjoy this lunacy for an example:

The comparison here is not even close. While I agree with you that painting with a broad brush does not do realistic service in describing nuanced ideologies; the fact the Left is absolutely involved in more violent protests is undeniable. Unless of course you think Bush brought down the towers... ... ... and then I guess, anything goes. Baltimore was clearly a Koch brother plant /s. Come on, man.

u/chartsandatlases · 6 pointsr/math

I like Szekeres's A Course in Modern Mathematical Physics for referencing intro-grad-level material. It covers abstract linear algebra, differential geometry, measure theory, functional analysis, and Lie algebras, and teaches you some physics along the way.

More generally, the best "breadth" book on advanced mathematics is Princeton Companion to Mathematics by Gowers et al. and its slightly underachieving younger brother of a companion text, Princeton Companion to Applied Mathematics by Higham et al.. You won't properly learn advanced mathematics this way, but you'll get the bird's-eye view of modern research programs and the math underlying them.

If you want a more algebraic take on Szekeres's program to teach physicists all the math they need to know, check out Evan Chen's Napkin project, which is intended to introduce advanced undergrads (it's perfectly fine for grad students too) to a wide variety of advanced mathematics on the algebra side of things.

Since you're doing probability and statistics, check out Wasserman's All of Statistics and Knill's Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes for good, concise references for intro-grad-level material.

I will second what /u/Ovationification said, though. I didn't really learn anything with the above books, I just use them occasionally for reference or to think about pedagogy.

u/chengiz · 6 pointsr/india

Someone requests a guide and the response is there is no one comprehensive compendium? (a) Learn to fucking read - OP's not asking for a comprehensive compendium. (b) There are comprehensive compendiums of many, much more general subjects than "people of North East India" (eg. mathematics, history of the fucking world).


u/pompitous_of_love · 5 pointsr/self

Certainly, if you're not used to going barefoot, you can easily hurt yourself when making the transition.

I'd like to make the case that there is a continuum extending from (1) a very primitive totally barefoot society, through (2) a long period of human development when "shoes" consisted of very primitive foot coverings, (3) a long time when shoes were visually similar to modern shoes, but not "scientifically" designed with human anatomy in mind, to (4) today, where arch support is common, and Nike even sells shoes with microchips embedded in them.

Somewhere in that continuum is probably the optimally healthy range. I contend it is stage (2).

Millions and millions of years ago, our forefathers ate nothing but raw food, because they didn't know how to use fire. That was perfectly fine, then, when other aspects of their mental, physical, and social makeup allowed them to be successful living that way.

But when man conquered fire, and learned to cook, human anatomy changed. Human jaws became smaller, making it possible for large brains to develop, without killing mothers in childbirth.

That's still probably the optimal stage to be at, in terms of diet. Modern diets blew past that, and our bodies haven't really adapted to all the sugar and fat we shovel into them.

In "Born to Run", Christopher McDougall makes the case that the reason so many runners get injured, is because modern shoes offer too much support, and the dozens of muscles, tendons, and ligaments in our feet don't get the kind of varied exercise that we evolved for. Not only walking and jogging, but jumping, sprinting, fleeing danger in any direction, as quick as possible. Then those weakened tissues are easily injured.

But it's probably been a long, long time since our forebears did all this completely barefoot. We probably don't have the proper skin thickness to propulsive force ratio to avoid lacerations anymore. Instead, I contend that our feet are at the "adapted to early technology" stage in our development, the same way that our jaw to brain-case ratio reflects that we are optimally adapted to eating a cooked food diet - an adaptation which is dependent upon the cultural transmission of a learned technology. Why would it be any less astonishing for feet? Perhaps the best foot covering is a sturdy wrapping, made of breathable plant or animal material, such as dried fibers or animal skins.

I agree that you're likely to get injured running around like that, if you're used to arch support. It might take time to adapt. There are a lot of people in this world who never have to learn to adapt, because they've been running around without arch support all their lives. And I doubt that they have the foot and leg problems of people in the developed world, just as they have less incidence of cancer, heart disease, and diabetes.

u/HectaMan · 5 pointsr/AskReddit

There has actually been a lot of research into this topic recently, and a really interesting theory is some what cinematically put forward in the recent book "Born to Run: A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen". I highly recommend this book to anyone even casually interested in running, history, the limits of the human body, etc. The story reads like a combination of "Into Thin Air" and "Gun, Germs, & Steel" (available on audible, if you sign up PM me for a referral).

TDLR of the book is this; current research shows that shoes and more specifically a "heel-strike" may be the cause of many running injuires as they significantly alter the strike pattern (and subsequent stride follow up).

Many modern elite runners, even those sponsored by Nike, such as Stanford's Track and Field team are now including barefoot running as a part of their training. One huge proponent of barefoot running, featured in the book, is Barefoot Ted. Check out his site for an brief overview of the latest science and "science" (Note- Ted is a barefoot dirty hippie :)).

For those who don't run, may barefoot runners don't actually run barefoot- they use thin second skin type products that provide protection from glass/butts/Hepatitis that don't significantly alter your stride. Ted has got a bunch in his store.

I met a ballerina at the gym yesterday barefoot running and we talked about the book and her experience. I wouldn't personally run barefoot at the gym on the treadmill, but what ever. If you're in Cincy and want to go for a job with me, hit me up.

(ps- I suck at running but love it)

u/Himmel-Laufstuhl · 5 pointsr/uwaterloo

No, but I have this textbook:


u/Gazzellebeats · 5 pointsr/LetsGetLaid

>I don’t regret having one, just extremely ashamed of being sexual and communicating it to girls and also showing it to the world. Attracting girls’ attention and whatnot isn’t very hard but progressing things to dating, holding hands and eventually sex is impossible. I can’t even call them or message them on Facebook or Whatsapp because I just feel like an idiot for doing so. Making a move in clubs and bars is also difficult although I once got close to leaving with a girl but she didn't want to. I got made fun of a lot growing up for not having a girlfriend and this made me feel like i do not deserve one. It doesn't matter if I've got the green light to go ahead I just feel really ashamed do it. Even something like looking at a fit girl wearing a short skirt makes me feel bad for checking her out and that I shouldn’t be doing it.

I know what you mean. I've been there myself, but even when I was there I was entirely self-aware of my shame and I was skeptical of the validity of my emotional reactions; I realized they were ingrained. Being aware of your emotional reactions allows you to be emotionally proactive. Your sex-negative problem is mostly an emotional issue, and not much else, right? I've been there. I wouldn't doubt that you are also decent looking and have both latent and actualized social skills. Most intelligent introverts have a lot of potential to be who they want to be because they know themselves more deeply than others. You must use your introverted nature to your advantage and recognize the differences in others and yourself. In all honesty, there are an infinite number of unwritten rules; everyone's abstract/emotional logic is different. Many of them are foundational and predictable, however; including yours and mine. Like anything else, being emotionally predictable is not a black/white issue. It is a grey area, and you have to balance your reliability with creativity.

Being made fun of for not having a girlfriend is just as sexist as being made fun of for not having a boyfriend; gender equal too. Were you ever shamed for not having a boyfriend? It's clearly a matter of groupthink and extroverted style; not for everyone. Dating relationships, for extroverts especially, are often attention-getting and showy. They wear their relationships like trophies won. Usually introverts prefer a more private relationship because they have less social desire and are often shamed because of it. Introverts are “themselves” more often in private. Extroverts are “themselves” more often in public. There is no shame deserved either way, regardless of popular opinion. Both styles have their strengths and weaknesses, and you should try to introject some of the traits that you enjoy in others; regardless of type. That is how you become balanced.

>I’m receiving counselling from a pastor who advocates the whole “no sex before marriage” thing and believes that people should only date to get married and sex is only for making kids which is stupid IMO because I do not plan on getting married anytime soon.

Counseling from a Catholic pastor? Watch out, that is one of the most notorious sex-negative societies out there. They own the abstinence-only charade while they parade horribles. Marriage is not the answer to anything; it is an institution of the state. Anything else attached is sentimental.

If you haven't already, I recommend doing an in-depth study of animal sexual behaviors; especially the most intelligent animals. All animals have sex for pleasure, but some animals are only driven to have sex at certain times of the year; humans are on a 24/7 system.

>I’ve tried the no fap route and gotten very high days counts but that hasn’t really helped me at all.

Sexual frustration doesn't help anyone. If you are mindful, then you can use your libido to further your goals, but it is not an all-cure.

>Got any sources to help overcome sex-negative perspectives? I’m interested in recreational sex not baby making sex.

Absolutely. I recommend starting with actual sex science and learning about male and female psychology and neurology. Then work your way into reading about sex culture. You should also study developmental psychology as you will probably need the clinical context in order to objectively self-evaluate your childhood influences; it is necessary for self-therapy. The best therapy will always be self-therapy; no one will ever know you better than yourself.

Evolutionary Science and Morals Philosophy:

The Selfish Gene

The Moral Landscape

The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined

Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do?

Sex Psychology, Science, and Neurology:

Bonk: The Curious Coupling of Science and Sex

The Female Brain

The Male Brain

Why Men Want Sex and Women Need Love

What Do Women Want

Why Women Have Sex: Understanding Sexual Motivations from Adventure to Revenge (and Everything in Between)

Sex: The world's favorite pastime fully revealed

Behavioral Psychology and Abstract Economics:

How Pleasure Works


Quiet: The Power of Introverts In A World That Can't Stop Talking

Thinking Fast And Slow

We Are All Weird

Developmental Psychology:

Nurture Shock

Hauntings: Dispelling The Ghosts That Run Our Lives

Empathy Building:

Half The Sky

The House On Mango Street

Me Before You

The Fault In Our Stars

Also check out James Hollis' Understanding The Psychology of Men lecture if you can find it.

Movies: XXY, Tom Boy, Dogtooth, Shame, Secretary, Nymphomaniac, Juno, Beautiful Creatures, and The Man From Earth.

All of these things are related, but it is up to you to make the connections; pick and choose which material suits your interests best. These are the things that came to mind first, and they have all influenced my perspectives.

u/haroldp · 5 pointsr/Reno

> They ask every person who calls if they’re with Postmates.

Postmates claims that, "drivers are trained to identify themselves when they call."

Rules for Radicals encourages people to, "Make the enemy live up to its own book of rules."

u/Gleanings · 5 pointsr/freemasonry

It's the standard, "Hey, guys. Yeah, the other side is going all Alinsky/Rules for Radicals and kicking ass. But you shouldn't match their tone and fight back, because that would be actually using the 2nd Liberal Art and Science that masons esteem so much. Instead, you should be uncontroversial, ineffective, and Lose With Dignity^TM ."

Masonry has pledged to not interfere with my relationship with God, my country, my neighbors, my family, or myself.

The instant masonic leadership attempts to tell membership how they may participate in government and politics, they are in violation of their masonic vows to the membership.

u/Bennu2017 · 5 pointsr/TheRedPill

I really like your point about everything having to be about you. I'm almost half way through Rules for Radicals and I can't support it enough. I think OP may be having issues with preconceptions about certain words or ideas. A word from Alinsky.

> "Even the word politics itself, which Webster says is "the science and art of government," is generally viewed in a context of corruption. Ironically, the dictionary synonyms are "discreet; providing, diplomatic, wise."

> "The same discolorations attach to other words prevalent in the language of politics, words like power, self-interest, compromise, and conflict. They become twisted and warped, viewed as evil. Nowhere is the prevailing political illiteracy more clearly revealed than in these typical interpretations of words. "

He goes on to shed those words in a positive light and I can't recommend his book enough. I really like when OP said

> "Its all fucking fake."

He's slowly realize life's a game and most people don't even realize they're playing. We have the rules now just do it

u/StatisticallyLame · 5 pointsr/math

Hi there,

For all intents and purposes, for someone your level the following will be enough material to stick your teeth into for a while.

Mathematics: Its Content, Methods and Meaning

This is a monster book written by Kolmogorov, a famous probabilist and educator in maths. It will take you from very basic maths all the way to Topology, Analysis and Group Theory. It is however intended as an overview rather than an exhaustive textbook on all of the theorems, proofs and definitions you need to get to higher math.

For relearning foundations so that they're super strong I can only recommend:

Engineering Mathematics

Engineering Mathematics is full of problems and each one is explained in detail. For getting your foundational, mechanical tools perfect, I'd recommend doing every problem in this book.

For low level problem solving I'd recommend going through the ENTIRE Art of Problem Solving curriculum (starting from Prealgebra).

You might learn a thing or two about thinking about mathematical objects in new ways (as an example. When Prealgebra teaches you to think about inverses it forces you to consider 1/x as an object in its own right rather than 1 divided by x and to prove things. Same thing with -x. This was eye opening for me when I was making the transition from mechanical to more proof based maths.)

If you just want to know about what's going on in higher math then you can make do with:
The Princeton Companion to Mathematics

I've never read it but as far as I understand it's a wonderful book that cherry picks the coolest ideas from higher maths and presents them in a readable form. May require some base level of math to understand

EDIT: Further down the Napkin Project by Evan Chen was recommended by /u/banksyb00mb00m ( which I think is awesome (it is an introduction to lots of areas of advanced maths for International Mathematics Olympiad competitors or just High School kids that are really interested in maths) but should really be approached post getting a strong foundation.

u/YahwehTheDevil · 5 pointsr/math

While it's not on the bleeding edge, the Princeton Companion gives a good overview of recent mathematics.

u/raine0227 · 5 pointsr/fountainpens

I found them on Amazon for $20

Spencerian Penmanship (Theory Book plus five copybooks)

u/Sat3rn · 5 pointsr/Handwriting

As strange as it may sound, the best thing that happened to me was acquiring a fountain pen.

Initially, I purchased the Spencerian Penmanship Copybooks and I found that basic repetition of simple strokes really helped to make myself aware of my hand and finger movements. The books helped me to, more than anything else, sit down in once place for an hour or so and simply focus on the techniques of writing. It got me familiar with practicing writing.

This is where the fountain pen comes in. I practiced my writing with a fountain pen, and the way the nub works and the weight of the pen made me very conscious of my every movement. Looking at my fountain pen writing, I was convinced that my handwriting hadn't improved. Yet when I set down my fountain pen and took up a normal ballpoint, the difference was easily noticeable; writing with a ballpoint pen was suddenly so easy. That was when I realized how my writing had improved.

Hope this helps, and best of luck in school!

tldr; Repetition and practice, coupled with a fountain pen.

u/4432454653424 · 5 pointsr/LearnJapanese

I also highly recommend KKLC. You can read the introduction with Amazon's Look Inside! function which really explains the methodology. It takes the best of other existing methods and wraps them up into one. You learn mnemonics for each character, you don't need to study graphemes because they are introduced as the course goes on, and it contains selected vocabulary that represent common compounds with the primary on and kun yomi readings for each character. Vocabulary is, after all, the way to learn readings. Pair the book with a SRS system like Anki (and there is already a deck for KKLC), and you've got an excellent method that you can work through at your own pace. I personally have been trying to average 15-20 characters a day so that I can finish before the end of the year. Some days I'll do up to 50 though.

HERE is why I would recommend WaniKani over KKLC: If you want a system that is all in one, that will give you progress markers, and will hold your hand throughout the process. I'll be the first to admit kanji study is rather tedious, and I think doing KKLC independently requires a lot of dedication. So if you aren't ready to commit to that, you can start with wani kani. I don't want to comment on it because I never used it, but I don't like that it locks you off from further content until you reach a certain level of mastery with the current stuff... I'd rather learn vocab through reading and not be forced to memorize words out of context to advance.

u/clemersonss · 5 pointsr/CasualConversation

you should really check out this book

u/Priapeia · 5 pointsr/latin

Familia Romana by Hans Ørberg is the one that I see recommended the most often around here. It takes a more immersive approach to learning Latin where you jump right in and start reading rather than focusing on grammar tables right off the bat. The Exercitia and Latine Disco books go with it.

u/kavaler_d · 5 pointsr/IWantToLearn

Hi! It's great that you want to learn Latin yourself - I was in a similar position not long ago, and can share my experience. Firstly, it's not going to be very easy, but it will be a lot of fun - learning Latin will teach you a lot about linguistics, history, and even English.

It seems to be a consensus at /r/latin that Wheelock's, while being a good textbook, teaches to translate, not to read. It focuses on rote memorization of grammar. Lingua Latina, on the other hand, focuses on reading comprehension and is considered by /r/latin users to be a superior learning method. It's based on the natural method: it is written completely in Latin, beginning with very simple phrases which speaker of any European language can understand, and slowly progresses further. To give you an idea, its first sentence is "Rōma in Italiā est". You can understand it easily, and you've already learned 4 words!

While Lingua Latina is a great textbook, I would advise getting some supplements to augment your studying process. All of them can be bought on amazon, or acquired by other means if you wish to cut your costs. Excercitia Latina, which follow Lingua Latina chapter by chapter, will give you enough practice to get a firm grip on each chapter's material. I would recommend not just filling the gaps in, but writing whole exercises out in a separate notebook - making the mechanical memory help you memorize words and grammatical structures. Latine Disco and Neumann's companion are useful companions, which will help you understand grammar introduced in each chapter of Lingua Latina (you only need one of them).

Finally, memorizing words is necessary with any language, and Latin is no exception. Some students find Lingua Latina's method to be sufficient for spaced repetition of new words, but it wasn't enough for me. I used anki, a spaced repetition software based on flashcards, to study words. There is a Lingua Latina deck available for anki, divided into chapters: thus you can easily add words into your flashcard pool after completing every LL chapter.

I hope this helps! If you'll have any questions on the material, redditors on /r/latin are very nice and are always willing to help.
Good luck with your studies!

Valē, amīce!

u/herrcoffey · 5 pointsr/latin

One interesting textbook is Lingua Latina per se illustrata, which is designed to introduce Latin to a novice learner solely by immersion. I didn't find it myself until well after I learned Latin, but from what I could tell, it would be a good way to pick up the basics

u/CarlCaliente · 5 pointsr/nfl

Got a PM asking about books, might as well share what I've read/enjoyed:

Most people recommend Pat Kirwan's Take Your Eye Off the Ball. Some bits of it can be simplistic, but based off what you told me it should be a good read. It basically breaks down each position group chapter by chapter, and has some extra details about coaching, front offices, scouting, etc.

Next I'd put SI's Blood, Sweat, and Chalk. It's a great balance between storytelling and technical detail. It basically chronicles significant advances in tactics on offense and defense over the decades. For example, offensive chapters start with the single wing, then goes on to the wing T, wishbone/flexbone, Air Croyell, west coast offense, spread, etc. (and many more)

Lastly I'd recommend Chris B Browns two books (and his blog) - The Essential Smart Football and The Art of Smart Football. These are similar to Blood, Sweat, and Chalk but more detailed and less about story. Still great reads.

For web reading, I loved Matt Bowen's Football 101 series on Unfortunately he works for ESPN now, but he has two years worth of excellent beginner articles on He breaks down tons of big picture concepts which can really help fill in details.

u/skepticismissurvival · 5 pointsr/nfl

I would recommend, in order:

Take Your Eye Off the Ball by Pat Kirwan

The Essential Smart Football by Chris Brown

The Art of Smart Football by Chris Brown

Blood, Sweat, and Chalk by Tim Layden

u/xStoicx · 5 pointsr/nfl

For the most basic and easy to understand introduction, I highly suggest the book Take Your Eye Off the Ball 2.0: How to Watch Football by Knowing Where to Look by Pat Kirwan.

Youtube channels -

Samuel Gold

Brett Kollmann like /u/browntown6969 pointed out as well

Blog -

Smart Football (also his books) along with the other blogs linked to on that website

All of those are really great and helped me when I first starting learning about football on a deeper level.

u/Lazerkatz · 5 pointsr/NFLNoobs

Read one of my favorite books, Take your eye off the ball

This book is amazing. It taught me almost everything when I read the first version. I was so into it I read it in one sitting.

This may be just what you're looking for

u/Jack-in-the-Green · 5 pointsr/vegan

Peter Singer's Animal Liberation did for the animal rights movement what Rachel Carson's Silent Spring did for the environmental movement.

u/sv0f · 5 pointsr/compsci

Gleick's Chaos: The Making of a New Science is one of my favorite popular science books ever. Highly recommended.

u/somercet · 5 pointsr/KotakuInAction

>the scientific method can be used to predict the effect of an intervention regarding climate change

Wow, okay. Rule #1: the scientific method does not predict anything. The method is used to test theories, either very grand and general (Newton's Three Laws) or very small and specific ("X in the presence of Y will correlate more to Z than without.").

Rule #2: theory does not "tell the future," it only predicts things within scope. Speaking of Newton: for a long time, physicists and astronomers had no idea why unpredictable perturbations appeared in planetary orbits, or why their equations became unmanageably large. Then, an entire branch of mathematics, hinted at for hundreds of years, was developed that explained exactly how unpredictable something would be.

Your expectation that climatology will ever be a predictive science in blocks of time of less than 10,000 years strikes me as absurdly optimistic.

u/DemonicCatapult · 5 pointsr/Showerthoughts

Pick up a book. Don't worry. Its not very mathy and way easy to read.

u/Cyphierre · 5 pointsr/math

It's not a proof, but I always considered the equation yielding the Mandelbrot set to be elegant, and its result visually beautiful.

Here's a good explanation that assumes very little starting knowledge.

Chaos by James Gleick is a fantastic narrative of the history and personalities of fractal geometry and chaos theory. It's the book that got me interested, before I knew any higher math, in the eighties when it was a bestseller.

u/wesweb · 5 pointsr/running

My first suggestion was the stick mentioned below, but he may already have one.

If you live in a cold weather area, a good pair of running tights might be good. A lot of runners frown at under armour but their tights are perfect for cold running.

A lot of others have suggested socks, those would be good.

They say $80, but you can find these headphones for $60 at best buy or someplace like that. They're great for if you are really sweaty like me, or if you run in the rain very often.

Compression Running Socks are a great functional gift, too.

You might just go check out the local running shop in town. Most of them have shirts that they sell with a local flavor. There is a place here in charlotte called run for your life that has some funny shirts, and when I was in Chi, Fleet Feet always had good ones, too. You might get an idea for another gift, too. If you live in a big city, Fleet Feet is a great place to start.

Born to Run is a great read, too.

I left off a GPS watch because if he is into tri's, the waterproof ones can get quite expensive, and most likely he already has one. If he happens to not have one, and you wanted to think about it, this is the best investment I ever made as a runner, but it isn't waterproof.

I hope this helps!

u/jacobolus · 5 pointsr/math

You might enjoy skimming through the Princeton Companion to Mathematics (amazon, princeton, maa review, wikipedia), which gives an overview of the main areas of mathematics.

u/TheLazyElf · 5 pointsr/mexico

Baia baia... el periódico Excelsior era el último lugar en el que esperaba leer una referencia al filósofo Harry G. Frankfurt y a su ensayo sobre el bullshit.

Para los interesados, Frankfurt escribió un ensayo corto (vendido en Amazon México como un mini-libro de 60 páginas con pasta dura de la buena) llamado On Bullshit en el que se hace la distinción filosófica entre el significado del término bullshit y su diferencia con la mentira promedio. Si les interesa profundizar en la distinción que menciona Leo Zuckermann, recomiendo el libro (cuesta menos de 100 pesos, se lee de un solo golpe en una hora y media máximo, y hasta ayuda a inflar tu número de libros leídos al año):

Ninja Edit: Estoy descubriendo que también está disponible en español en paquete con otro escrito acerca de la verdad, pero sale mas caro:

u/Shitgenstein · 5 pointsr/badphilosophy

Tell her it's from the other Frankfurt School.

u/Mickeymackey · 5 pointsr/technology

This isn't new though, it's a common tip in many travel books, Vagabonding: An Uncommon Guide to the Art of Long-Term World Travel by Rolf Potts is one And that's from 2002, theres a website that it talks about on it that does the same thing. I forget what it's called, I got it for my sister last year.

Edit: ridiculous late night mistakes, book title and link

u/evacsm · 5 pointsr/IAmA

Here is a book on vagabonding. Pretty much how to long term travel in very much a way this guy did. Its an inspiring read.

u/rainer511 · 5 pointsr/LearnJapanese

> What should I do?

You should use a kanji learning method that has you learn radicals (smaller parts of kanji) first, and then teaches you kanji that you can make out of them. One of the oldest popular versions of this method is Heisig's Remembering the Kanji. It teaches you a story and English word to associate with each kanji, which makes learning vocabulary easier in the future.

KanjiDamage takes a similar approach, but uses mnemonics that are a bit more crass. Unlike Remembering the Kanji, KanjiDamage also gives you vocabulary to associate with kanji.

Either of these methods should be paired with regular use of an SRS system. Anki is free, highly customizable, and popular, but is has a steep learning curve. Most people find it worth the effort to learn how to use it. If you search around there are other alternatives, but none of them as widely used as Anki. You could also just make traditional flash cards.

Or, if you're like me and you're too busy (read:lazy) to get books, make flashcards, manage anki decks, etc, you can just buy WaniKani. WaniKani is free to try for the first two "levels". It is pretty much the approach I explained before, except that it's done all the hard work for you. Also, unlike Remembering the Kanji, WaniKani teaches you vocabulary as you learn kanji.

u/elbac14 · 5 pointsr/urbanplanning

Hey, I also love and studied human geography as my undergrad and then went into urban planning for a master's degree. Since you've still got time in high school, I strongly recommend some good books to see if it interests you more (you'll see that actual urban planning isn't like a Sim City game). Don't worry these books are written in easy language so you don't need a university education to appreciate them.

For a general overview of urban planning and why it might interest you, you should check out The Purpose of Planning. It is a British-based book but the concepts are the same (I'm assuming you are American).

For an overview of the current issues/topics within urban planning, I really recommend Walkable City. Another older book by the same author is Suburban Nation if you are curious but Walkable City is a lot more recent.

u/ClimateMom · 5 pointsr/suggestmeabook

I'm not sure if it's exactly what you're looking for, but Suburban Nation is a layman readable discussion of suburban sprawl vs "New Urbanism"/smart growth, which would likely give you some insights into why cities like Portland and Austin are designed the way they are.

u/Saki_Kawasaki · 5 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Yeah it is. Buying it on Amazon Japan is cheaper than Amazon US I'm pretty sure. Here's a link for it:

If you've never ordered from Amazon Japan before, here's a guide:

u/haxdal · 5 pointsr/manga

Honestly I don't understand much written japanese but I've been self studying using the internet and I have signed up for beginners japanese classes in my university next semester (they use Genki which I plan on buying this month and start early) and I have also been listening to the Pimsleur Japanese I lessons (and of course copious amounts of Anime).

u/sauceysalmon · 4 pointsr/LearnJapanese

I think you would be better off with the 2nd editions. I met one of the authors and he told me that they changed some things after some feedback on the first edition. He gave a talk at my school but I don't remember any of the examples.

The GENKI I is about 15 dollar used but I would make sure that it is the 2nd edition.

GENKI II is about 40 dollars

Possibly better on Abe

Genki I

Genki II

u/Kami_Okami · 4 pointsr/LearnJapanese

There's a massive step between being able to read/write hiragana/katakana, and being able to write/read Japanese. I'm not saying you shouldn't get a penpal, but don't be too disappointed when it's almost entirely English to start.

That said, I'd say you should look into ordering a textbook on basic grammar. My university didn't use these, but I hear that Genki series is extremely popular with beginning learners. Try checking that out!

u/DocSeba · 4 pointsr/italy

No, ho un maestro (3h/settimana), ma buona parte del lavoro è soprattutto calligrafia e memorizzazione: di fatto si potrebbe anche fare da autodidatta immagino. Il testo che usiamo è questo

accompagnato da

Entrambi si trovano facilmente in PDF se vi interessa!

u/Spoggerific · 4 pointsr/LearnJapanese

You should really read the sidebar. There's an FAQ with a lot of stuff specifically designed for absolute beginners like you. Regardless...

Genki: An integrated course in elementary Japanese is what I used when I started, and it's what I like to recommend to people. It has two volumes. You can find the first one here on Amazon, or you can just pirate it if you don't have the money to spend or want to try it out first. Finding out where to pirate it is up to you.

No matter what textbook you choose, you should take a look at Tae Kim's free guide. It's a very good guide to basic and intermediate grammar. It is a little lacking in some explanations and practice exercises, however, so I usually recommend it as a supplement to a normal textbook.

Teaching yourself Japanese all the way to fluency is entirely possible, by the way! I've never stepped foot in a classroom, and while I would never call myself fluent, after four years, I'm good enough at the language to watch Japanese TV without subtitles and read Japanese books.

u/davemuscato · 4 pointsr/atheism

There are excellent logical, empirical, ethical reasons not to eat meat. It's not necessary in order to get adequate protein (in the 1st world, at least) - we have easy access to beans, eggs, cheese, milk, tofu, etc - and buying meat demonstrably causes unnecessary suffering for animals.

Especially considering that atheists tend to understand that there really is no difference between humans and animals (we're all cousins; it's just a matter of degree), you'd think we'd be more sympathetic.

Our campus atheist group is actually hosting a presentation about the Ethics of Vegetarianism next semester. I'd recommend checking out some of arguments made by atheist, ethics professor, and vegan Peter Singer in his book "Animal Liberation" before going along the lines of this argument.

u/SlashdotExPat · 4 pointsr/videos

This is great great and pretty accessible book on chaos theory if anyone's interested:

u/RebornShill · 4 pointsr/canada

No cause and effect was proven:

> There are some limitations to this kind of research, notably that they do not determine cause-and-effect: whether a state has fewer gun deaths because of the law, said Adam Winkler, a University of California Los Angeles law professor and second amendment expert. Other demographic characteristics -- such as education level, marital stability, rural or urban -- might explain the fewer gun deaths in a particular state. Setting that caveat aside, Winkler said Obama’s statement is true.

> ...

> The problem is, however, that this is an overly general statement. The research doesn’t prove a universal cause-and-effect relationship between gun laws and fewer gun deaths; it might just be a correlation. Some laws are more effective than others, and other cultural, demographic or socioeconomic factors might be the driving force behind the number of gun deaths in different states.

This study by John Lott Jr. analysed the cause and effect of firearm regulations on crime. If you have an open mind, then you should give it a read.

u/mrfurious2k · 4 pointsr/NDQ

It seems to me that most opposition (but not all) to firearms takes one or more of the following forms:

  1. Lack of knowledge: Many anti-gun protestors lack context, operational knowledge, and historical foundations of why the United States has the 2nd Amendment. Consequently, this leads to statements like "fully semi-automatic" or "sole purpose is to kill." This ignorance, while not malicious in intent, leads to uninformed assumptions and recommendations which sometimes achieve the opposite of what was intended. It can also ignore the evidence that shows that violence as a whole has been reducing for decades, much higher risks from other criminal (or daily) activities, and the fact that defensive use of firearms absolutely eclipses illegal use. This ignorance is magnified based on US media which seeks controversy and has its own biases and ignorance blindspots.

  2. Disagreement on the effectiveness as a bulwark against tyranny: Many in opposition either believe that an armed civilian populace would either be unable to resist the government should it become tyrannical, don't believe the government could ever become tyrannical, or believe that such a risk to be so minimal as not worth protecting against.
  3. Lack of compatible values: This may be the toughest bridge to cross. Some don't morally agree with the usage of firearms in any context. Like their pro-liberty 2A counterparts, arguments can quickly spiral into emotionally charged exchanges because people feel that disagreement is an assault on their core beliefs and values. This is often summed up by anti-gun crowd stating, "Some liberty must be curtailed for the safety and security of all" and the pro-liberty folks saying, "Those who would give up essential Liberty, to purchase a little temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety."

    So - where do we start? I would suggest that people who want to better understand the 2A folks read, "More Guns, Less Crime" by John Lott. It's not that I would expect you'll come away from it with your opinions changed. Rather, it should give you some understanding of why people support civilian ownership of firearms for defensive usage. Additionally, I think given that the majority of the world does not enjoy the enshrined freedoms Americans have within the Constitution, they would have an even harder time understanding why some Americans feel that the 2nd Amendment is the guarantee for all of them. I don't have a solution on how to share that experience other than to talk to those people who can rationally entertain tough questions on it.

    Suffice to say, I think Destin and Matt did an extraordinarily evenhanded approach to the topic with the care and attention that they've given to many subjects. They were not there to be cultural warriors or to setup a debate. I think they were just sharing their thoughts and ideas on what continues to be a challenging topic of the day.
u/woggietree · 4 pointsr/videos

Years ago I found a good saying to combat my envy was to tell myself, "REMEMBER! You're best is someone else's worst." Sure it's depressing but it is also truth. However it's part of my philosophy.

If you enjoy it, so do others, disregard how others practice their art, do what makes you feel good.

Don't be discouraged.

The odds are that you shouldn't be alive, therefor be willing to die for a cause you feel strongly about.

Die for a cause is not the same as killing for one.

A life with no direction sits on the couch.

God didn't bring you into this world, nor did he guide you.

One's brain is the most powerful and least understood organ of the human body. Remember that it was built for even weight distribution for bipedal motion. And with a gain in brain mass came a gain in reasoning. Source

Evolution is key to not only species survival but one's own survial.

Adapt and overcome.

Be human, be an animal, disregard things you feel trapped in.

*You can always escape.

GOD DAMN YOU BE BULLET POINTS YOU CUNT FUCK. fucking non effect problem i am having.

u/headlessparrot · 4 pointsr/sports

My experience with the Vibram FiveFingers has been somewhat mixed. I decided to buy a pair after reading Born To Run because I'd had some nagging issues with knee and hip pain that I thought might be correctable by strengthening those under-used leg muscles and tweaking my stride.

What I've noticed is that the FiveFingers have more or less helped to solve the knee issues (I used to wear a brace, but have been able to abandon it), but have somewhat aggravated the hip issues. And the truth is that while they do have benefits, for me their appeal is somewhat limited. A couple of miles in the FiveFingers leaves me a lot more sore the next day than a much longer run in my ASICS (not injury sore, but the kind of full-body sluggishness that comes the day after a good long run), and indeed I find running any distance longer than two miles to be a challenge, just because as you grow fatigued, it's more difficult to maintain good form. Say what you will about traditional running shoes, but they are more forgiving as you grow tired. Blistering is also a much bigger problem, although I've more or less become the kind of person who ignores the various festering foot sores and toenail bruises that seem to come part and parcel with a 40+ mile/week runner.

Obviously, I'm still working up mileage on the FiveFingers, but even still, I don't think they'll really ever function in anything more than a small niche for me--do my long run, change shoes, and then do a 1 or 2 mile cooldown in the FiveFingers to strengthen muscles and focus on my stride. I'm OK with that, though, because that is more or less why I bought them.

u/metaridley18 · 4 pointsr/Fitness

Read a book written by that same guy called "Born to Run":

It's fascinating.

u/m00tpost · 4 pointsr/Fitness

Most people will point to the debate on cholesterol to counter your dad's advice. I'll make my point about that first... I'm new to the camp that believes dietary cholesterol doesn't have a strong correlation to your cholesterol levels. Read this: if you want to really get into the debate.

Ok, my second point. Your dad may be right that it isn't healthy in general. Most research shows that reducing calorie intake is the best way to extend your life. Eating little isn't fun and it doesn't get you laid ;) I'm eating a coconut milk ice cream sandwich as I type this.

Finally, go read "Born to Run".

Then go back to your dad and have a meaningful conversation. He is just looking out for you. Just because your cholesterol isn't necessarily going to go up doesn't mean that it is good for you to consume a lot of food.

Your choice bud. Man, I'm going on too much...

u/refep · 4 pointsr/pakistan

Yes, this is some advanced grade A butthurt. I'd recommend an immediate trip to the ER.

Btw, here's something you might want to look into buying:

u/LittleShrub · 4 pointsr/politics

His success's what?

u/Wheio · 4 pointsr/Minecraft

For those wondering how this was made:

  1. The raw terrain is created using WorldPainter. That isn't grass; it's two shades of stained, hardened clay.

  2. The large, customized trees are manually placed in using MCEdit. These trees are originally created by LetsLente and are available for download for use in your projects [here]

  3. In ZBrush, a 3D model (the giant head) is sculpted or edited before being exported as an OBJ file.

  4. That OBJ is run through Binvox to convert it to a schematic file.

  5. The Schematic file is checked using ViewVox.

  6. The final Schematic file is imported and posed in the WorldPainter-made World using MCEdit. It is then changed from default stone into Quartz.

  7. For the first time, the world file is opened in vanilla Minecraft. Here the terrain is adjusted, with the small houses being built, the caves dug, and the waterfalls added. Smaller trees are bonemealed into existence along the ground, or hand built on the model. The model is also retrofitted to better fit it's surroundings. In my case, I needed to almost completely destroy and rebuild the nose.

  8. The world is opened up using Chunky, excellent software built for rendering Minecraft worlds. The chunks that are visible from where the camera is are selected for rendering.

  9. In Chunky, the render is set up. Light-colored blocks (like Quartz and Sand) have trouble rendering in Chunky under the default setup, so the sun's brightness, the photo gamma, and many other features are adjusted. The sun is also moved to where it best compliments the build. The sky is actually an image called a "Skymap" and there are many available online.

  10. The scene is rendered, a process which can be very time-consuming for the computer based on the complexity of the lighting. While the scene is being rendered, it might be a good idea to leave your computer and read a book. I suggest Ready Player One by Ernest Cline or The Fault in Our Stars by John Green. ^^^DFTBA!

  11. The image, now completely rendered, is imported into Photoshop. Here adjustments are made to the color of the photo. I find the David Nanchin actions to be helpful for this sort of thing, though I never run them full-strength. I also add in a water splash at the base of the water fall, and remove some pesky leaves that floated too far from their trees.

  12. The final image is exported from Photoshop and is ready to be seen by the lovely people of /r/Minecraft.

    In Conclusion:

    These kinds of renders do take time. A user commented:

    > Pretty Certain you just imported a 3D model of a head using Binvox..

    And that's absolutely correct. However, that doesn't mean this kind of thing is simple to create! Certainly, this wouldn't be what it is without the help of external software- but the use of that software doesn't mean it can't be respected as a build. Don't say I just imported it-- it took a lot of work!

    TL;DR: I used a lotta software and it took a lotta time.
u/bird_brain · 4 pointsr/philosophy

I like Bertrand Russel's A History of Western Philosophy

u/Mauss22 · 4 pointsr/askphilosophy

For "where to start" with books, see this FAQ post, from r/askphilosophyFAQ. There are Introductory anthologies, like these. Bertrand Russell's History of Western Philosophy is something I read at about that age, and it was great (with some caveats).

There are also anthologies for Chinese & Indian Philosophy, or introductions to Chinese & Indian Philosophy; or an intro anthology to World Philosophy.

u/MiffedMouse · 4 pointsr/math

This encyclopedia is fun.

u/santaraksita · 4 pointsr/math

If I'm not mistaken this is the draft of his article for the PCM.

u/TheAlgorithmist99 · 4 pointsr/math

This is a compilation of what I gathered from reading on the internet about self-learning higher maths, I haven't come close to reading all this books or watching all this lectures, still I hope it helps you.

General Stuff:
The books here deal with large parts of mathematics and are good to guide you through it all, but I recommend supplementing them with other books.

  1. Mathematics: A very Short Introduction : A very good book, but also very short book about mathematics by Timothy Gowers, a Field medalist and overall awesome guy, gives you a feelling for what math is all about.

  2. Concepts of Modern Mathematics: A really interesting book by Ian Stewart, it has more topics than the last book, it is also bigger though less formal than Gower's book. A gem.

  3. What is Mathematics?: A classic that has aged well, it's more textbook like compared to the others, which is good because the best way to learn mathematics is by doing it. Read it.

  4. An Infinitely Large Napkin: This is the most modern book in this list, it delves into a huge number of areas in mathematics and I don't think it should be read as a standalone, rather it should guide you through your studies.

  5. The Princeton Companion to Mathematics: A humongous book detailing many areas of mathematics, its history and some interesting essays. Another book that should be read through your life.

  6. Mathematical Discussions: Gowers taking a look at many interesting points along some mathematical fields.

  7. Technion Linear Algebra Course - The first 14 lectures: Gets you wet in a few branches of maths.

    Linear Algebra: An extremelly versatile branch of Mathematics that can be applied to almost anything, also the first "real math" class in most universities.

  8. Linear Algebra Done Right: A pretty nice book to learn from, not as computational heavy as other Linear Algebra texts.

  9. Linear Algebra: A book with a rather different approach compared to LADR, if you have time it would be interesting to use both. Also it delves into more topics than LADR.

  10. Calculus Vol II : Apostols' beautiful book, deals with a lot of lin algebra and complements the other 2 books by having many exercises. Also it doubles as a advanced calculus book.

  11. Khan Academy: Has a nice beginning LinAlg course.

  12. Technion Linear Algebra Course: A really good linear algebra course, teaches it in a marvelous mathy way, instead of the engineering-driven things you find online.

  13. 3Blue1Brown's Essence of Linear Algebra: Extra material, useful to get more intuition, beautifully done.

    Calculus: The first mathematics course in most Colleges, deals with how functions change and has many applications, besides it's a doorway to Analysis.

  14. Calculus: Tom Apostol's Calculus is a rigor-heavy book with an unorthodox order of topics and many exercises, so it is a baptism by fire. Really worth it if you have the time and energy to finish. It covers single variable and some multi-variable.

  15. Calculus: Spivak's Calculus is also rigor-heavy by Calculus books standards, also worth it.

  16. Calculus Vol II : Apostols' beautiful book, deals with many topics, finishing up the multivariable part, teaching a bunch of linalg and adding probability to the mix in the end.

  17. MIT OCW: Many good lectures, including one course on single variable and another in multivariable calculus.

    Real Analysis: More formalized calculus and math in general, one of the building blocks of modern mathematics.

  18. Principle of Mathematical Analysis: Rudin's classic, still used by many. Has pretty much everything you will need to dive in.

  19. Analysis I and Analysis II: Two marvelous books by Terence Tao, more problem-solving oriented.

  20. Harvey Mudd's Analysis lectures: Some of the few lectures on Real Analysis you can find online.

    Abstract Algebra: One of the most important, and in my opinion fun, subjects in mathematics. Deals with algebraic structures, which are roughly sets with operations and properties of this operations.

  21. Abstract Algebra: Dummit and Foote's book, recommended by many and used in lots of courses, is pretty much an encyclopedia, containing many facts and theorems about structures.

  22. Harvard's Abstract Algebra Course: A great course on Abstract Algebra that uses D&F as its textbook, really worth your time.

  23. Algebra: Chapter 0: I haven't used this book yet, though from what I gathered it is both a category theory book and an Algebra book, or rather it is a very different way of teaching Algebra. Many say it's worth it, others (half-jokingly I guess?) accuse it of being abstract nonsense. Probably better used after learning from the D&F and Harvard's course.

    There are many other beautiful fields in math full of online resources, like Number Theory and Combinatorics, that I would like to put recommendations here, but it is quite late where I live and I learned those in weirder ways (through olympiad classes and problems), so I don't think I can help you with them, still you should do some research on this sub to get good recommendations on this topics and use the General books as guides.
u/The_Sodomeister · 4 pointsr/math

The Princeton Companion to Mathematics is essentially a really general dictionary for most topics in known math. Entries vary from one half-page to three or four pages long, covering definitions, theories, and sometimes deeper understanding of certain subjects. I believe each entry is also personally written by a professional in the field.

u/KurtP · 4 pointsr/science

The Princeton Companion to Mathematics. Seriously. This book is amazing. It gives a high-level overview every major branch of mathematics.

It's the best tool I've found for rapidly expanding the breadth of one's mathematical knowledge. A good starting point to find what really interests you.

u/DarkPoppies · 4 pointsr/Handwriting

Spencerian Penmanship (Theory Book plus five copybooks)

u/bebop0812 · 4 pointsr/penmanship

I stumbled upon them on Amazon. I swear they weren't there a couple of weeks ago. Ended up being a total impulse purchase for me. Here is the link:

u/James_Of_Scots · 4 pointsr/Handwriting

I think your handwriting looks fine, but if you are wanting cursive, I could recommend the Spencerian penmanship (theory book plus five copybooks) I own these books, and I love them. It's a system based on ovals, and meant for speed, due to the 52° slant. I have linked below, both the UK link to buy them, and a US link.



u/BetaRhoOmega · 4 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Most people are going to recommend you use some sort of SRS (spaced repetition system) to effectively learn the vast amounts of information you need to memorize. Many recommend Anki (it's my preferred flash card/srs app) but there are others out there. Here's the link to the manual ( It obviously explains Anki specific functionality, but it describes the use and purpose of an SRS system and why it's proven to be effective for memorizing information.

As for learning Kanji, this is the most challenging part of learning Japanese. You're gonna want to use some structured learning material which will help you understand what radicals are and how the factor into building individual Kanji. I personally use James Heisig's "Remembering the Kanji" and its sister learning site Koohii ( to create mnemonics for the Kanji and learn to memorize them. I then make my own flashcards in Anki and practice them when they come up on the app.

I've seen others recommend Kodansha (, but I've never used it so I can't speak to its quality. From what I've heard though it might honestly be preferred to Heisig's stuff cause his mnemonics can seem pretty strange or outdated (which is why I get most of mine from the top upvoted ones on koohii).

You're gonna want an english to japanese dictionary. For that I use jisho ( You can search for words in english, romanji, kana, and kanji and you'll find definitions, related words, pronunciations etc. It's incredibly helpful.

I don't know about a discord server but I'd be interested in something like that as well.

It takes a lot of time and dedication, and for most people the payoff will only be achieved after years of learning, but it's definitely doable, and learning can be very fun in and of itself. There's a very satisfying feeling to go from looking at Japanese and seeing it as alien characters, to being able to read a sentence that once just looked like scribbles.

u/tkdtkd117 · 4 pointsr/LearnJapanese

I'm not fluent, but the kanji resource that I like best is the Kodansha Kanji Learner's Course; I feel that it does the best job of anything that I've seen in terms of explaining similar kanji and how to tell them apart. There is a decent number of pages available in the Look Inside preview, so maybe browse through and see if any of the explanations for similar kanji early on (木 vs. 本, 休 vs. 体, 牛 vs. 午, 北 vs. 比, 刀 vs. 刃) click with you?

u/gordiep · 4 pointsr/latin

Any of the basic primers (with the exception of the Oxford Latin Course) are probably fine, though Wheelock's is the time-tested standard for many Classics programs. However, once you get beyond the first few units, I would warmly recommend something like the Lingua Latina series, which not only is written entirely in Latin (with a graded difficulty curve as you advance), but also gives a nice in-situ introduction to Roman family life, civic institutions, etc.

Really, the major problem for any Latin student—or student of any language, really—is gaining proficiency in the language via an inventory of vocabulary, grammatical structures, idioms, etc. With a purely textual language like Latin, one can't easily use daily conversation (or 'immersion' in the current pedagogical lingo) as a means of reinforcement, and thus reading great quantities of text is the only way to improve one's comprehension. Since the bulk of extant Latin literature is 'high' literature, attempting to read even so-called 'easy' authors such as Caesar can be incredibly frustrating to a novice, as even these authors were writing in a style that was the result of years of intensive rhetorical schooling. The canned readings in Wheelock's are okay, but none are longer than a few pages, at the most. The Lingua Latina books can help supplement one's reading, particularly with the graded difficulty approach that they are designed around.

A final bit of advice: memorize everything. You will never, never achieve any degree of proficiency with the language if you don't work at it; I recommend (and regularly use) a flashcard program (Anki in my case) for vocab, forms, names, whatever. You simply can't half-ass this aspect. Most student's trouble when learning Latin is the result of imperfectly knowing a) the vocab, and b) grammatical endings, constructions, etc. Despite its reputation and popular sentiment to the contrary, Latin is not any 'harder' or more complex than English or whatever other language one might be native to. Remember that at one time all manner of people learned and spoke Latin: slaves, foreigners, statesman, plebs, etc. You can do it, but you have to put in the time. Be patient with it, work at it, and you will be rewarded. Good luck!

u/devnull5475 · 4 pointsr/latin

Neither of these are online, but they're both good for independent study:

u/BlackRiot · 4 pointsr/Calgary

Reading, writing, speaking, or a combination of the above? Why are you studying Japanese? How advanced do you want to be?

I'm currently learning some Japanese through self-study because of overseas work. Here's where I started:

u/bosslambouli · 4 pointsr/math

While not a strictly historical book, The Princeton Companion to Mathematics is a good one to have handy for all sorts of light mathematical reading and has a pretty extensive section on mathematicians.

u/atomatoisagoddamnveg · 4 pointsr/math

If you really want to get a feel for what (pure) mathematics is and how it all interrelates, you should read the Princeton Companion to Mathematics. This book is kind of like wikipedia for pure math, though extremely well written (and by prominent mathematicians). I think the best audience for the book are undergraduate students in math, but anyone really interested in learning what "real" mathematics is about should enjoy it.

u/Mewnicorns · 4 pointsr/SerialThunderDome

I think I mostly agree with you. There are plenty of things I find maddening about this topic that are all variations on oversimplification:

  • The inability to acknowledge that your personal experience is just that. Just because you would never xyz doesn’t make it unreasonable or unfathomable for someone else to. What might seem completely irrational to you could be perfectly natural to me. It does not make me wrong or you right. It means I’m not you and haven’t lived your life.

  • Reducing the “characters” to black and white caricatures. No one is all bad or all good and not every act has to have meaning ascribed to it. OMG Adnan’s room was messy! OMG he lied about his sexual escapades! OMG he stole from the collection plate! None of these things have jack shit to do with the murder or indicate anything about his character. Likewise, the need to make him pure and good and dismiss anything shitty about him is equally annoying. I don’t think he was a malevolent psycho OR a golden child. He struck me as a typical teen, arrogant and insecure at the same time. Emotionally immature. Rebellious. I think it just scares some people to believe that a typical teenager is capable of murder. Others can’t accept that one can go through life being a perfectly normal person who commits a single terrible act.

    On that note, all the reverence for Hae is also bullshit. She was also a normal teenager, not a saint. That doesn’t make her murder any less tragic and certainly doesn’t mean she deserved it. Acknowledging her humanity isn’t disrespectful. These aren’t “characters,” they are people. This isn’t a story, this is life.

  • Sometimes you just don’t know. It’s ok. No matter how many files you have read, how many pictures you have seen, how many posts you have written and read, how many episodes of Undisclosed you have listened to, you still know a lot less than you think you do.

    With all that being said, where you fall on this case is all about what information you choose to believe and what you choose to discard. You have to simplify to some extent, otherwise you'd never be able to come to a decision (exhibit A: me). I understand that. The problem is most people don't acknowledge that they are oversimplifying (although they really love to point it out when someone else is), and can't see that there are other ways to simplify.

    I got this book yesterday at the book festival and I think it is a must-read for Serial subbers.
u/StinkyFangers · 4 pointsr/solotravel

I'm glad you enjoyed my comment. I definitely agree with you about this sub. There seems to be something inherently inspirational about traveling and I think that it has to do with the fact that, often, the decision to drop everything and travel is such a personal one and often comes from some type of larger perspective about what life means.

Have fun on your travels!

If you're looking for a great traveling book - Vagabonding: An Uncommon Guide to the Art of Long-Term World Travel was the best that I found.

Really shows you that it's all about a person's the perspective and life priorities. If you want to make a life of traveling, it really isn't that difficult - no matter how much money you make.

u/-AngraMainyu · 4 pointsr/LearnJapanese

It's actually a system described in the book Remembering the Kanji. But of course you can use software to help with it (e.g. Anki).

u/ghettomilkshake · 4 pointsr/SeattleWA

Personally, I don't think a full repeal to all of the residential zoning is the best practice. A full repeal would likely only increase land values
(here's a good explainer as to how that can happen). I do believe they need to be loosened significantly. At the rate this city is growing, it needs to have all of the tools necessary to help increase density and banning thing such as having both an ADU and DADU on single family lots and requiring their sizes to be such that they cannot accommodate families is a bad thing. Duplexes and triplexes also should be legal in single family zones. These allowances also should be paired with strategic rezones that allow for some sort of corner market/commerce zone within a 5-10 minute walkshed of every house in SFZs in order to make it reasonable for people in SFZs to live without a car in these now densified neighborhoods.

In regards to more reading: are you looking for more reading regarding Seattle zoning law exclusively or are you looking for reading recommendations that follow an urbanist bent? For Seattle specific stuff, The Urbanist and Seattle Transit Blog post a lot regarding land use in the city. If you are looking for books that talk about general city planning the gold standard is The Death and Life of Great American Cities. I personally really enjoyed Walkable City, Suburban Nation, and Happy City.

u/grinch337 · 4 pointsr/todayilearned

Andres Duany is an authority in American urban planning that has strongly influenced my perspectives on all of this. He co-authored one book that explains how we got into this mess (Suburban Nation), and another that gives a good overview of what we should do to fix it (Smart Growth Manual). The first is full of good, hard facts and data to back up the claims he makes in the book. Both can be purchased for about $25 on Amazon.

A Jacksonville, Florida newspaper also did a very good comparison of exactly how cheap a streetcar system could be constructed (The Little Rock River Rail) with the bloated inefficiencies that stemmed from the overenthusiastic plans for a tram in Jacksonville (that still hasn't been built).

This site offers a continuation of the debate using the same two examples

Here's a list of rail transit systems in the US if you want to compare and contrast. I figured you might find it interesting.

Houston is a good example of what happens when we fail to distinguish 'good' growth from 'bad' growth. I always joke about how suburban Houston follows a template of a Kroger, and HEB, a Walgreens and Super Target that seems to be stamped onto the landscape at every major intersection. Its hard to imagine converting the mess into more urban communities, but if we use these clusters of commercial development to anchor higher-density residential growth along the edges that are tied together with designated pedestrian and public transit corridors, we will free up large quantities of land to further intensify development when parking areas are no longer needed and when big-box stores reach the ends of their life cycles (which usually top off at about 25 to 30 years). Remember that most commercial growth in suburban areas is, more or less, disposable. We can use this to our advantage to allow redevelopment to take place in an orderly and incremental manner.

The development of pedestrian corridors is not as expensive and complicated as you would think. The biggest problems are the single-use development patterns and the meandering streets that developers use to create a sense of depth to the subdivisions. In suburban areas, the house located behind yours may be over a mile away by road. The good thing about pedestrian corridors is that they don't really require large rights of way and they can be squeezed into areas where roads can't be (between houses). Geographically, most homes in the suburbs really aren't that far away from activity centers (as I like to call them), but the collector/distributor road systems employed can turn that short trek into a very time-consuming ordeal. If pedestrian corridors could offer a sort of short-cut to these, the time required to walk somewhere could compete with the time required to drive there. Once you get people moving on their feet, you'll really start to see changes to the landscape.

Within suburbia, I think the areas in close proximity to activity centers will enjoy the best chances for survival in the future. I think that the rest of the periphery will turn into less-desirable and low-income areas. But the saving grace in all of this is that household sizes in poor areas are usually larger than those in more affluent areas, so my prediction is that density in suburban areas may actually increase with an influx of poor people being pushed out from gentrifying inner-city neighborhoods. And since the reliance on public transportation would be carried with them, I think an increase in transit use in suburban areas would follow as well. So in the end, the urban shake-up may actually have the unintended consequence of dramatically improving the efficiency of the suburban landscape, but that's just my opinion.

Because this is such a HUGE topic, check out my other posts on this thread for some additional ways we could further modify these areas to make public transit and pedestrianism more viable. Sorry it took me so long to respond to your post. Let me know if you want me to clarify anything further.

u/Doremi-fansubs · 4 pointsr/bayarea

Blame Chevron / Peoplesoft for building sprawling campus headquarters out in San Ramon / Pleasanton.

But the answer isn't that simple. SF in the late 70's was becoming increasingly a hellhole of shit and piss, and with rising rents large companies sought to build their headquarters sideways, rather than vertically since they were much easier to manage and easy to get to with the new highways being built (I-680, I-580, etc).

Suburban Nation has a section on the sprawl in the east bay:

u/DarkBladeRunner · 4 pointsr/pics

Sigh, land use planning is my profession. May I suggest some light reading to get you started? Real urban non-car centric cities (like New York, as opposed to Dallas or Denver) are what I'm talking about, mind you. I'm guessing you're a suburban american? So this might help :

Suburban Nation

Then take the time to compare the per capita energy consumption, CO2 emissions and other indicators of a real city to that of it's surrounding suburbs and rural area. You'll understand then.

Or you could also sign up for an urban planning, landscape architecture, urban design or land planning university degree and study this better.

u/Epistechne · 3 pointsr/math

Right now I'm making my way through The Princeton Companion to Mathematics and it's a very good overview of all the different mathematical fields, going through what they work on and examples of how it's done.

u/pyrrhula · 3 pointsr/learnmath

This might also be some use to you: The Princeton Companion to Mathematics. Incredibly comprehensive math encyclopedia.

u/EarendilStar · 3 pointsr/politics

I’ll assume you weren’t being condescending.

You seem to think bullshitting isn’t as bad and I’m somehow a Trump apologist. On the contrary, I’d rather a person care to know truth and lie to me, than a person not care about truth at all.

If you care to, there is an awesome book called “On Bullshit” that helped me understand how Trump acts. And to my surprise it was written in 2005. Takes 45 minutes to read, fun read.

On Bullshit

Not affiliated in any way. Buy it wherever you want :)

u/ST2K · 3 pointsr/

In his book "On Bullshit" ( ) Harry Frankfurt makes the important distinction between liars and bullshitters.

A liar is interested in deception, and therefore is concerned about the quality of his lie.

A bullshitter will say anything, as long as it sounds like a response.

u/cubist137 · 3 pointsr/DebateEvolution

> Wow, your attitude is pretty toxic.

Naah, I just don't have a whole lot of patience for bullshit.

>"A good design is one that performs a function efficiently and effectively. If someone claims that something is a bad design, and yet (i) it works well, efficiently and effectively, and (ii) that person can not demonstrate a better design that still performs all of the original functions, then we can dismiss the claim that that object is badly designed"

Stupid question: Why are you so all-fired determined to shoehorn you gotta be able to work up a better design into your criteria for determining whether or not a given Design is bad? Seems to me that if we can recognize the function (or functions) of a given Design, we can justifiably infer something about the quality of that Design just from observations of how well or poorly it performs that function (those functions), without being able to Design something better. Likewise, from observations of the operational characteristics of the Design, plus known qualities of the materials and suchlike from which the Design was manufactured; for instance, if we know the standard operating temperature of a given Design, and we observe that the Design includes parts whose melting point is at or below that standard operating temperature; I think we can justifiably infer something about the quality of that Design, regardless of our ability, or lack thereof, to improve on that Design. And so on, and so forth.

> By the way, when you're talking about not knowing how a calculator is designed, weren't you the person who argued that you can't tell if something is designed or not unless you know how it was manufactured?

No. I argued that if you want to make a scientifically valid inference that some arbitrary whatever-it-is is Designed, you need to work up a testable hypothesis of Manufacture, and you need to, you know, test that hypothesis. Not the same thing at all.

I also acknowledged, in an earlier comment, that In the mundane business of day-to-day life, "it looks Designed to me" is good enough. Because in most cases, something that looks Designed is Designed. But in the mundane business of day-to-day life, it sure looks like the Sun moves across the sky, doesn't it? When, in fact, real science tells us that what's really happening is that the Sun is pretty much staying where it is, and the Earth's rotation is what makes it look like the Sun is what's doing the moving. So there's an obvious chasm between What It Looks Like and What's Actually True.

By the way, I don't demand that every inference one makes in day-to-day life must necessarily be scientifically valid. But you ID-pushers? You ID-pushers absolutely do make noise about how your alleged Design inferences are scientifically valid. So, I'ma gonna be a real hardass about the blatant lack of scientific validity in the Design inferences made by ID-pushers.

>Does this mean that you can't tell if a calculator is designed or not?

I, in common with the vast majority of all human beings, have a store of just a whoooole friggin' lot of background information about Designed thingies whose Designers are human beings. Designed thingies whose Designers are anything other than human beings… not so much. Given that background information, which includes a number of relevant facts, not least the relevant fact that calculators are Designed by human beings, I think I am rationally justified in concluding, at least on a tentative basis, that any random calculator I see is, in fact, Designed. If there were some particular calculator that I wanted to be more certain of its Designed nature than I can infer from my store of background information about human Designs, I would form a hypothesis of how that particular calculator was Manufactured, and I'd test that hypothesis of Manufacture.

Now, that background information about human-produced Designs… is not necessarily relevant to Designs produced by Designers who are not human beings. And I'ma go out on a limb here to declare that if Life On Earth was Designed, that Designer was not, in fact, a human being. Ergo, any intuitions about human-produced Design should not be considered reliably applicable to Life On Earth.

u/DrWallyHayes · 3 pointsr/AskReddit

On Bullshit by Harry Frankfurt.

u/unorthodox-solutions · 3 pointsr/asktrp

Go vagabonding. You, a backpack, a bit of cash, no plans.

You'll have enough stories for a lifetime, and you'll live the fantasy of women who obsess over cute, glossy, travel pics on social media (~99%).

u/order66survivor · 3 pointsr/self

I don't think a two week vacation is going to cut it. If that's the case, read this and start thinking about it.

Also, your SO and family probably do not want you to be miserable. People can tell and life is way too short to pretend to be happy.

u/palehorset · 3 pointsr/travel
u/_mvmnt_ · 3 pointsr/minimalism

Let My People Go Surfing: The Education of a Reluctant Businessman, Yvon Chouinard's book that's kind of about building the business that is the Patagonia we know today, but is a lot more about his philosophies and ideologies and how we can all be better and do better for our planet.

Vagabonding: An Uncommon Guide to the Art of Long-Term World Travel. A fairly short book that's not some abstract ideas or a story about traveling the world (that's Marco Polo Didn't Go There, which is also fantastic), but an actual how to book on doing it. It helped me, and has helped people I've given the book to, understand that extensive travel isn't just for the ultra wealthy, it is easy to do and achievable for everyone if you make travel your priority.

u/BlessBless · 3 pointsr/IWantOut

Will start by throwing a few into the ring:

The Beach by Alex Garland - While its plot is certainly limited with regard to imitability, it offers a very interesting perspective on the types of people you meet in the more interesting places you'll travel.

Vagabonding by Rolf Potts - A quintessential nonfiction guide for anyone who's considering traveling long term. It's preachy in places, but it'll fire you up to get moving.

Off the Rails in Phnom Penh by Amit Gilboa - You'll see this one being sold by street children in Phnom Penh often, but it's not too hard to find a copy anywhere else. A really great, enjoyable view of expat life in Phnom Penh.

Dharma Bums by Jack Kerouac - On the Road is, of course, the standard American road novel, and Jack's most famous, but the Dharma Bums offers a really unique perspective on travel - that of a spiritual nature.

The Geography of Bliss by Eric Weiner - Another highly enjoyable read by an author who travels to the world's most purported "happy" countries. Great take on the subject area.

u/mossyskeleton · 3 pointsr/tangentiallyspeaking

In the spirit of Chris Ryan I'll recommend the book Vagabonding: An Uncommon Guide to the Art of Long-Term World Travel, if you're in the mood for non-fiction.

u/lustre12 · 3 pointsr/

As a traveller/tourist, I've always tried to stay AWAY from tourist areas, haha. I have friends who go to the Bahamas, for example, and won't leave their resort/casino. My personal best experiences have been in the local communities; you tend to stand-out more (obviously), but people are more curiouse than malicious towards you.

Of course, though, do your homework! Go to traveller's forums, read books, do your research.
May I also recommend this book Vagabonding: An Uncommon Guide to the Art of Long-Term World Travel

u/Tehmora · 3 pointsr/AceAttorney

It all depends on how you study Japanese. If you're having trouble remembering the kanji, then read Heisig's RTK:

This is a book I always recommend for people learning Kanji. It breaks down the primitives and from there, it teaches you how to write the Kanji as well as giving little stories to remember them.

If you have trouble remembering his stories, make up your own! Or take a page from other people's stories from this website:

Although I can't read Kanji properly (the On and Kun readings), I can still identify Kanji pretty easily. I've been able to remember roughly 400 kanji. By which I mean, I can actually write the kanji with ease, like a japanese person, if you give me the word.

My goal is to remember the Kanji and then learn how to read and speak japanese properly. (So I can finally play DGS! =D)

Edit & PS: But please remember, that RTK doesn't have the readings. It only has the meaning of the Kanji. So don't rely on it to learn Japanese, but rather use it as a supplement to your studying.

u/Ark42 · 3 pointsr/japanlife

RTK + Anki are amazing. My Kanji recognition is significantly better than my speaking or listening now.

u/_sutego_ · 3 pointsr/transgendercirclejerk

> I'm gonna make you insta-wet, despite you got those ugly bits! Watch! /wand_wiggles!


I might have noticed that too. I may or may not have made very sexual stories, too. :D


You need this book boo.

Now excuse me while I faint =)

u/urbanabydos · 3 pointsr/japanese

The best method for learning Kanji is a system by James Heisig in Remembering The Kanji.

It's a little atypical—book 1 is meaning only and book 2 is pronunciation—but if you stick with the method it's quite incredible. At my peak I was learning ~100/day with excellent retention.

And then it's just drill drill drill like everyone says. But when drilling focus on writing. Production is harder than recognition as a rule so that's what you should focus on.

I use an excellent flash card app called Anki which has desktop and mobile versions. It's pricey on mobile if I recall correctly but worthwhile. It's got a bit of a learning curve but definitely worth the investment. And you'll find lots of shared decks, including if memory serves, one based on the Heisig books. (Although there is definitely value in building your own yourself.)

I'm on iOS and you can add the Chinese Traditional Handwriting IME in "Keyboards" which allows you to practice your writing. It's not great for general Japanese input, but for Kanji practice it gets the job done. I'm sure there's something similar for Android.

Good luck!

Edit:fixed my mangled link

u/pikagrue · 3 pointsr/AskReddit

There's actually a book series that made memorizing characters really easy. I'm learning Japanese, and with it I was able to commit 2000 kanji to memory in a bit over a month. It doesn't go over readings at all, but you can at least write everything without issue.

And Chinese grammar is great, it takes all those things like conjugation and irregular verbs and noun genders and just laughs at them


Books I used was this for Japanese

Chinese equivalent

u/dokool · 3 pointsr/japan

There's a couple decent reference books you could get him (Remembering the Kanji comes to mind) but don't worry about things that might be 'handy' because half the time they're not worth it. Tickets too - you don't want to give him anything time/date-specific, after all.

I say just take him out for dinner somewhere nice that he almost certainly won't get to enjoy while he's in Japan. Decent BBQ, for example.

u/YepItsThatDude · 3 pointsr/Atlanta

It just stuff I've picked up over the years since moving to Atlanta. I've always wondered why things are the way they are especially when they're different than the way I'm told they are. When I first moved to metro Atlanta, I lived in Dunwoody for a couple of months and everyone I met told me to never ride MARTA and that I should avoid going inside the perimeter as much as possible because "those people" live down there. But when I would use MARTA or go into the city, everything seemed ok. So I started reading books and doing research online to understand how the city and the suburbs came to be the way they are. One thing is for sure, it wasn't because this is what the people wanted most.

If you're interested in learning more, I suggest the book 'Suburban Nation'. There are thousands of books out there on city planning and suburbs but many of them are academic so not a lot of fun to read.

If you live in Atlanta or Fulton County, you can check it out at these branches: Central Library, Buckhead Branch, Georgia Hill Branch, Hapeville Branch, Kirkwood Branch, Ponce de Leon Branch, Roswell Regional, Sandy Springs Regional, and Stewart-Lakewood Branch

Amazon listing for the book:

u/Aulm · 3 pointsr/fountainpens

May want to check out /r/handwriting for tips.

However, I recently got the Spencerian books after they were recommended on here a few times.

There are also a few good online resources were you can download practice sheets and whatnot. It may come down to what style you are wanting to learn.

u/catfishjuggling · 3 pointsr/loseit

Glad you got something out of the story.

That story from Discover is great. There was book called "Born to Run" by Christopher McDougall that is a longer version of this story. He actually runs an ultra with the Tarahumara. It is a fantastic read.

u/Trumpetjock · 3 pointsr/AskReddit

It probably has to do with persistence hunts.

Humans have extremely large glutes in comparison with the rest of our physiology, and that of other animals except for those known to be serious runners (horses, canids, cheetahs). The larger the glute, the better the runner, evolutionarily speaking. If this was one of the primary modes of attaining food (which is a growing theory of human evolution), then that would explain your penchant for voluminous gluteus maximi.

For further information, check out the book Born to Run by Christopher McDougall.

u/kmj442 · 3 pointsr/running

I believe he is talked about in "Born To Run" Good book too.

u/stuckinthemicrowave · 3 pointsr/GetMotivated

If the people on /r/GetMotivated love to run I highly recommend this book, it's all about different races and just the general love of running.

u/skinny_reminder · 3 pointsr/running

My husband is currently reading the "Born to Run: A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen" by Christopher McDougall and was telling me how the Tarahumara Indians constantly use the chia to help with their endurance running. Is the Chia something you can find at a grocery store? What is the consistency? Do you cook with it or eat it raw?

u/devmode · 3 pointsr/Health

I recently read the book Born to Run that discusses barefoot running and specifically focuses on a tribe of ultra-distance runners in Mexico. It was a decent read.

u/asgeorge · 3 pointsr/running

So after surgery - the next day, and for a week - it hurt A LOT. But the number one thing to recovery is get off your ass and get moving. So I was out of bed two days after surgery (one day after I came home). I just walked around at first. I got up and walked several times a day and it hurt a lot, but the doc assured me that yes, it will hurt and yes, keep doing it. After a week I showed up at physical therapy and they were awesome. I learned some good exercises and stretches. I went there three times a week for a month. After that month I started swimming laps at George Mason's Manassas campus pool (Freedom Center). I swam and worked out in the gym for 4 months before running outside. During those 4 months I ran a little on the treadmill but not a lot (a mile or so). I was still heel striking (I don't learn real quick)...

I will skip the story of the other surgery (disc removal and spinal fusion) that I had in my neck two or three years later, but the recovery was even faster because I was experienced in the pain and the benefit of getting up and moving early.

After the second surgery, I read Born to Run and bought some Vibram 5 Fingers. After two months of more PT and recovery I started running on my "toes" (forefoot really) and haven't looked back.

Here's a pic of me in Nov, 2008 (on the left) and me May, 2012 (on the right). That's about 30 lbs of fat gone.

u/marcopolo13 · 3 pointsr/todayilearned

I'm reading a book right now called Born to Run, about ultramarathons (about 100 miles). The book says that more women than men are able to compete at these distances at all-most men drop out of the race after 30 or so miles, while most female competitors are able to actually finish. In terms of speed, men are still faster.

However, the book focuses on a native tribe known for their incredible endurance running abilities, and not on average men. One section describes a 100 mile race, won by one of these natives. The second place finisher (with time of 18 hours, less than half an hour shy of the victor) was female.

u/mt_sage · 3 pointsr/Ultralight

By "footwork" I am assuming you are talking about the high art of placing one foot in front of the other without falling down too often. I believe this is sadly neglected.

I'd recommend ["Born To Run" by Christopher McDougall.] ( You'll be thinking about running -- and walking -- in a whole new light.

People who wear minimalist shoes (or go barefoot) talk about technique all the time.

u/bogey2230 · 3 pointsr/swtor

stop playing and you can buy this book for less than one month's subscription

u/GenghisKhanWayne · 3 pointsr/politics
u/gunluva · 3 pointsr/gaming
u/Ghostlupe · 3 pointsr/gaming

Sweet Black fucking Sabbath kid, do us all a favor and please go buy this immediately.

u/convothought · 3 pointsr/ifyoulikeblank

I'd give [The Fault In Our Stars] ( by John Green a try. It's a love story, but it also tackles death as a major theme.

u/koakland · 3 pointsr/history

I'd start with Bertrand Russell's book "A History of Western Philosphy" which is basically a Whitmans sampler for Western thought - after reading it you should have a pretty good idea of which philosphers you want to do a "deep dive" on

You can a used copy from Amazon for $6

u/Coloradical27 · 3 pointsr/philosophy

Hi, I have a degree in Philosophy and teach Philosophy/English to high schooler. The following advice and recommendations are what I give my students who are interested in philosophy. I would not recommend Kant as an introduction (not that he's bad, but he is difficult to understand). Plato and a Platypus Walk into a Bar is a book that explains philosophical topics and questions through humor and uses jokes to illustrate the concepts. It is accessible and thought provoking. If you are interested in logic you might enjoy Logicomix. It is a graphic novel that gives a biographical narrative of Bertrand Russell, an English philosopher whose work is the basis of all modern logic. It is not a book about logic per se, but it does give a good introduction to what logic is and how it can be used. Also, Russell's book A History of Western Philosophy is a good place to start your education in philosophy. If you are interested in atheism, read Richard Dawkins' book The God Delusion. This book goes through the most common arguments for the existence of God, and debunks them using logic and reasoning. Good luck and read on!

u/calenture9 · 3 pointsr/philosophy

Although I would love to say "read Kant" or "read Wittgenstein" or "read Sartre" or "start with Plato" I don't think you would get a really good start to reading philosophy because sometimes they can get a little complicated.

I think the best way to get introduced to Philosophy is to learn a little bit about a bunch of philosophers and their philosophies.

So seeing that you are 16, there is a great book that was written called "Sophie's World" It's a novel about a girl around your age who studies philosophy but it touches upon almost every major philosopher and it's not too harsh of a read. The plot is ok and the dialogue is miserable but I think it gives a good sampling of the major philosophers that is on a reading level for your age.

If you want a great book touching upon the major philosophers - there's always Bertrand Russell's "The History of Western Philosophy" The reading level is more advanced than Sophie's World but you get a very in depth perspective of the major philosophers from a major philosopher.

And then again, you can try to read a philosophical writing. If you're going to try that, I think Plato is an easy beginning along with Descartes.

u/icelizarrd · 3 pointsr/askphilosophy

That's a very interesting looking link, but I think BennyG02 was talking about an audiobook of Bertrand Russell's A History of Western Philosophy.

Speaking of that book, I listened to a fair amount of that (and read the other parts), and I do think it's quite good. The thing is that it contains a lot of Russell's own opinions and criticisms of the views he describes, probably more than one might expect a general "history of" book to have. But, IIRC, Russell didn't have any pretense of it being otherwise: he wasn't really trying to make "just another history of philosophy book".

u/TheFrigginArchitect · 3 pointsr/philosophy

from David C. Moses's amazon review of Russell's History of Western Philosophy

>Despite this book's well-deserved status as a classic work, it has some major flaws that a reader should keep in mind, all stemming from Russell's intolerance of viewpoints different from his own... Russell has no tolerance for systems of thought that do not conform to his preferences for democracy, atheism, pacifism, and social liberalism. So... Nietzsche is depicted as a warmonger... Russell's book is a great place to start, but to get a fair treatment of thinkers such as Rousseau and Nietzsche, it should be supplemented with material such as the chapters on those thinkers in Strauss and Cropsey's "History of Political Philosophy."

u/diademlee · 3 pointsr/golf

In my experience, taking lessons will help, but there is no quick fix.

I got back into the game about 2 years ago, and started taking lessons. They improved my swing, slowly but surely. I bought a few books and kept working at it. Progress was slow and frustrating at times when I would backslide, but there was progress for sure.

I eventually hit a wall with my first instructor though. I tried a few more guys, and even a lesson with robogolf, but none of it clicked. I would still recommend a robogolf lesson if you have one around you, for someone trying to find the basics of a swing its very helpful analysis.

What finally did click for me was going back to the books and really understanding the swing. Its a chain reaction of things, and if you dont understand that chain and set yourself up for success at each step then you wont every have a consistent repeatable swing. The two books that helped me the most are:

Ben Hogan's Five Lessons:

Hank Haney's Essentials of the Swing

u/tombodadin · 3 pointsr/golf

Check this out: Ben Hogan's Five Lessons: The Modern Fundamentals of Golf Booklegger

Best book i ever read. Will teach you a ton about form and consistency.

u/mp1514 · 3 pointsr/golf

Honestly, I had a huge slice issue until this year when I actually started trying to fix it instead of playing into it.

Grip was stage one (don't go too strong, that causes a whole new set of slicing issues potentially), backswing check points have been stage 2 (face angle at parallel, club angle at the top, wrist at the top). Ive hit quite well on the range lately since I havent been able to get out due to weather, but with my lesson saturday I'm hoping to get out the next weekend.

If you need something to read:

If you need people to watch: - great resource on club face, swing path, and face to path - just really good resource for later tinkering

u/MoreDann · 3 pointsr/golf

Looks good for 2 weeks. Maybe a touch closer to the ball while standing a little taller at address. Shorter swing and fire down and through.

Read this on the beach:

u/n-person · 3 pointsr/Denver

How so? Have we not had notable fake hate crimes of late? Does Jussie Smollett not ring a bell? I'm not saying there is no racism or racist's KKK white nationalist ubar nazis out there. Hell there is even a hand book on doing such a thing as this, so unless I see video of a nazi placing the sicker there I'm on the fence. What I can say is who ever did it is an ass hole either way.

u/reverenddg · 3 pointsr/KotakuInAction

hate to pull this out but:
they are pissed #gamergate is not falling to their tactics and even co-opting them!
it's glorious watching these people crash and burn!

u/dreamKilla · 3 pointsr/AskReddit

Note: links are to amazon though any library or used book will do.

On Food and Cooking by Harold McGee

A Pattern Language by Christopher Alexander

On War by Von Clausewitz

Influence by Robert Cialdini

Rules for Radicals by Saul Alinsky

Improving Performance: How to Manage the Whitespace in the Organization Chart by Geary Rummler

Books by Edward T. Hall

Books by Edward Tufte

Books by Jiddu Krishnamurti

The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action by Donald Schön

let me know if you want more....

u/O_I_O · 3 pointsr/math

I had a similar request to yours, except I wanted to go beyond Calculus to get a broad survey of mathematical topics, using a ground up approach. The Princeton Companion to Mathematics is exceptional, I can't recommend it enough! It covers all the topics you wish your mathematics teachers had instilled in you, all within a comprehensive & comprehensible form. It has been years since I studied math. I've long since forgotten a majority of what I was taught but, I can still easily progress in this book and I feel like I finally understand many of the ideas that were impenetrable before.

I'm not alone in my positive review. You'll note that people have been heaping praise onto this volume on Amazon and in more formal book reviews as well.

u/captainhamption · 3 pointsr/learnmath

Working your way through a beginning discrete math class is kind of an overview of the history of math. But here are some stand-alone books on it. Writing quality varies.

The World of Mathematics

A History of Mathematical Notation. Warning: his style is painful.

Journey Through Genius

The Princeton Companion to Mathematics. A reference book, but useful.

u/apfelmus · 3 pointsr/math

> I'm not looking for a book to help me become a set theory pro, I'm literally just looking for a book that will give me some challenging, enjoyable bedtime reading.

Are you sure that you want to read a book on axiomatic set theory or are you happy with any math subject and it's just that set theory is the only one that comes to your mind?

In the latter case, I would recommend Mathematics and its history by John Stillwell for bedtime reading (and it does have a bit of set theory, too). Also, the The Princeton Companion to Mathematics is highly recommended.

And in any case, the mathematics section of your local library provides more low cost bedtime reading than I could ever note here. :-)

u/Brightlinger · 3 pointsr/learnmath

The closest thing I know of to what you're asking for is the Princeton Companion to Mathematics. It is over a thousand pages long.

You will never be able to obtain complete mastery over mathematics as a whole, certainly not in just one year. People spend their entire careers on tiny sub-areas of a single topic within mathematics.

However, if your goal is to attend college and study physics, you actually don't need anything like this. Instead, what you need to do is look up the physics program at the college you want to attend, see what level of mathematics they expect you to know coming in, and then use something like Khan Academy to work up to that level.

u/Pennwisedom · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

I'm not sure what you're seeing, but this is the link to Genki.

u/Sentient545 · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Pick up a grammar guide. Genki is the go-to for textbooks, or you could use a free online resource like Tae Kim or Wasabi.

u/Chat2Text · 3 pointsr/gaijinhunter

If you're in college, see if they offer Japanese classes. If not, you could try to self-study with Japanese textbooks. The one I took in college used the Genki textbooks, so you could try with that.

There's also a workbook that you can buy to test yourself on how well you learned the material. I don't know if it comes with an answer sheet though :S

u/EvanGRogers · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

In my own opinion, grammar is the most important part of any textbook. How well a book explains a grammar point determines how well I like the book. There are 3 major areas of grammar that I look for: verb modification, particle usage, and how well the book explains 関係節 (using a verb/sentence to modify a noun: "The chair that he sat in")

I've looked at a few textbooks:

Yookoso (which has, apparently changed its cover...) is a sort of intense, high-density textbook that makes it a bit hard to look up grammar points. However, it is well written and has a lot of practice. It also only requires 2 books to "get the job done". The grammar explanations are short and don't really explain away the confusion, but it's FULL of practice. There isn't much translation in the book, so if you have a question... your screwed (unless you have a teacher with you). However, you probably won't have many questions while reading because the sentences kind of stay mundane.

This book gets a 4 out of 5 on the "Evan Grammar-Explanation Scale of Justice": It explains it, gives good examples and practice, but the explanations are lacking depth. Good for learning the basics, bad for learning the specifics.

Nakama isn't really anything special.

Adventures in Japanese is a series of books that I'm using on my website to teach Japanese a little bit. However, I only chose this textbook because it is the book being used by the local high school, so my students are using it. The book isn't bad, but it teaches a lot of things that really don't need to be taught. Also, some of their explanations/translations are... less than accurate? -- I find myself saying "yes, this is right, but... Really it's this" too much to recommend this book. There is also a stunning lack of practice/guidance. It's NOT a self-study book, you NEED a teacher for it. The workbook for this book is nice, however, and would probably be good practice. The grammar points taught in this book are easily-referenceable.

This book gets a 4 out of 5 on the "Evan Grammar-Explanation Scale of Justice": Similar to Yookoso, however the practice is lacking. It's a textbook and a workbook rolled into one.

Ima! is a book that I kind of detest. When using it to teach, I found myself having to make my own materials in order to get the point across. It's a thin book without hardly any grammar explanations.

This book gets a 1 out of 5 on the "Evan Grammar-Explanation Scale of Justice". I hated using this book. A lot. It was just a glorified workbook.

Genki seemed pretty decent as far as a textbook went. It had plenty of practice, the grammar points were short, concise, and easy-to-reference. I would use it as a textbook in the future.

This book gets a 4.5 out of 5 on the "Evan Grammar-Explanation Scale of Justice": Great explanations and easily referenceable. It seems like a pretty good buy.

Japanese the Spoken Language is my bible. The grammar points are in-depth, effective, and incredibly well thought-out. If you want to know exactly how to use a grammar point, this textbook is the one you want. It is JAM-PACKED with practice that can be done completely solo. It also comes with audio cds that are worth a damn. When I want to know the difference between ~て、~たら、~れば、and ~すると, you can expect a great amount of explanation. The practice sentences in this book aren't just mundane sentences, either: the authors intentionally use weird examples in order to show the student the true meaning of a grammar point. That is, it doesn't just use "one-sentence examples", it uses "entire conversation contexts, and then weird 'breaks the rules' verbs to highlight how the grammar works"

HOWEVER- the language is dated - this book was written in the 80s (earlier?) and has never been updated; it uses a weird romanization system (zi = じ, tu = つ, ti = ち); is intended to teach the SPOKEN language (get Japanese: the WRITTEN language to learn how to write); and the grammar explanations are almost TOO long and convoluted (long and convoluted, but extremely insightful and specific).

This book gets a 5 out of 5 on the "Evan Grammar-Explanation Scale of Justice". However, the grammar is SO well-explained that you might be a little confused trying to read it.


To teach the language, I would use Genki or Yookoso to get people off the ground, then move into JSL. Then the student should be more than ready to self-study and translate native materials.

u/TrveKvltBlackBabymtl · 3 pointsr/SakuraGakuin

I really liked Genki as a textbook. Teaches you grammar, vocab, and hiragana/katakana/kanji assuming no starting knowledge. Definitely recommend getting the workbook that goes with it for practice.

u/Slaxophone · 3 pointsr/Animesuggest

On the other side of the coin, anime can have its place in language study. So, to answer your question, check out where you can find Japanese subtitles for many shows. They're of course written in Japanese, so be sure to study your kana and kanji.

But don't expect that to be enough to learn the language. Language learning needs lots of practice interacting with others. It's also more difficult to learn the grammar rules from passive listening.

I'd recommend looking for a place that holds Japanese lessons in your area. One possibility if you have the time are universities or community colleges, where you may be able to sit in on classes for no credit, for a small fee (which is called auditing). My old university charges $50 for non-students, which is pretty cheap for a several month-long language course. Other universities may be cheaper or more expensive. Granted, the class times might be difficult if you're still in K-12 or working.

If you can't find any classes, at least invest in some proper course books. The universities I studied at used either Minna no Nihongo (main book in Japanese only, need the English, or your native language, supplement), Genki (starts out all in English/romaji, and gradually introduces kana and kanji), or one other I don't recall the name of. For supplementals, I had found the Dictionary of Japanese Grammar set useful. A good electronic dictionary is helpful as well, which will give you many example sentences. is so/so as well, and free.

Good luck!

u/DraftYeti5608 · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

In regards to the cost it will be cheaper to order it from Japan, here is the textbook and the workbook it should be about £50 for both including shipping.

u/SeanO323 · 3 pointsr/CasualConversation

The first thing I'd recommend doing is learning ひらがな(Hiragana). Hiragana is one of the three alphabet systems in Japanese. It's made up of 46 separate characters and is used primarily for native words and grammar. You need to be able to read hiragana to actually start learning Japanese. This may seem like it's super hard but it's not actually that bad. I recommend printing worksheets and writing them by hand to start with. After that I'd recommend using flash cards or online/mobile testing programs to drill them in. Hiragana will allow you to read and pronounce most Japanese text (though there are exceptions for particles which you'll learn later on).

I would recommend getting a textbook: Genki is often recommended and you can either buy it on Amazon or find a digital copy floating around somewhere. After that you just need to start working through the textbook. Somewhere in this process you should also pick Katakana, which is used for foreign words mainly. This can be learned in the same way you did Hiragana.

The hardest part about learning Japanese is definitely kanji. Kanji are the (mostly) Chinese characters used for words in Japanese. There are thousands of them and this is where a lot of learners burn out. The important part is to take them slowly and I'd recommend not starting kanji for a little bit anyways just because it's a little overwhelming. That being said, I'd recommend learning kanji with vocabulary. There are flash card sets meant for this using Anki, a flash card program. You don't have to worry about that for a while, though.

This may seem overwhelming at first, but all new languages are, especially one as far from English as Japanese is. The important thing is to take it slow at first so you don't burn yourself out. Languages are learned over long periods of time, not overnight and that's important to keep in mind. Just set yourself a small goal to start and work on completing that, the rest will come in time.


Here are some resources you might find helpful:

  • Tae Kim's Guide to Japanese - really good resource for explaining grammar, has lots of examples
  • - Japanese -> English and Kanji dictionary
  • Pretty much everything here
  • /r/LearnJapanese - Good for questions and finding resources


    Well, that's all the procrastination I think I can handle from writing this right now. Ending up being a lot longer than I thought it would be. Hope it helps you find where to start. Feel free to ask any questions and message me for help anytime. Good luck with your goals and happy New Years!

    がんばって!(Good luck)
u/furryjannu · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese
u/dentinacar · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Textbook part 1 This is the main textbook that you need, includes the mp3 cd.

Optional workbook part 1 Extra practice for the textbook.

Textbook part 2 You move onto this book when finished with part 1, also has a cd

Optional workbook pt 2 extra practice that accompanies the second part

These are all the 2nd ed.

u/Phailadork · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Yeah I've viewed that wiki before and done research I guess I'm just stupid. And it's more so that I can only afford 1 thing so I want to make absolutely sure that it's the right thing for me. From what I'm getting, get a Genki book because it teaches you a lot more? The question then is... this one or this one? Or are they both necessary? Both the same thing? etc.

They both say second edition which is kinda throwing me off I guess.

u/choolete · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

I am not sure if this answer your question but you are looking for this workbook (Genki I Workbook - 2000). I own both, I can confirm.

The second edition of the workbook is from 2011.

u/something_obscure · 3 pointsr/vegan

Three big ones that immediately come to mind:

u/davidfalconer · 3 pointsr/todayilearned

May I recommend an excellent book, Animal Liberation by Peter Singer which addresses all of your points in a way that is far more intellectually honest than is possible via a comment debate on reddit.

u/chakalakasp · 3 pointsr/space

This is one I'm familiar with: Chaos: Making a New Science

u/BitAlt · 3 pointsr/BitcoinMarkets


Sure could simulate a bunch of possibilities, but that will just give you a distribution of possibilities. i.e. "Up, down, or sideways".

> Could someone bother to explain the possibilities?

u/ChristopherBurg · 3 pointsr/guns

You may want to brush up on your Google-fu and read what you submit. This story that you linked to is about a police officer who shot the homeowner instead of the criminal.

Otherwise you failed to show that somebody is more likely to have their gun taken from them than being able to use it in a self-defense situation (you'll noticed I posted collections of stories, you have two). Of course numbers of stories really aren't important here so I also submit a research book with cited sources that demonstrate having more lawful gun owners does decrease violent crime. If you would like to submit research material showing your side of the story that would help support your argument. I'll also submit another link for you to read supporting my side of the argument (when Florida introduced right to carry laws their violent crime went noticeably down).

u/triit · 3 pointsr/IAmA

If you are seriously interested in understanding why, I suggest you visit (specifically this page about defensive gun uses).

Or check out the book "More Guns Less Crime"

Academically and intellectually, it does make sense. It took me many many many years to accept this conclusion against emotion and what you think of as common sense.

u/JohnSmallBerries · 3 pointsr/Calligraphy

I found the Spencerian copybooks helped me a great deal.

At first, though, they were a hindrance - I tried to start with the first page, fill it up completely, move on to the next, fill it completely, and so on - after a few days, I quit calligraphy altogether for several months because it was just too painfully tedious.

When I went back to it, I would do one line per page and move on to the next page, until I felt like I had to stop for the night. I'd then repeat the same pages each night, abandoning a page when I felt like I was reproducing it well enough.

u/break42 · 3 pointsr/Calligraphy

Spencerian Penmanship (Theory Book plus five copybooks)

u/derekrwills · 3 pointsr/Handwriting

Spencerian Penmanship (Theory Book plus five copybooks)

u/22cthulu · 3 pointsr/Omaha

The book mentioned in that article is currently out of print. However Amazon does have it, though it's a bit out of my price range at $2,691.46

Though I'm planning on picking up a copy of the Spencerian Penmanship books later this month once I get caught up on bills.

u/Joksta · 3 pointsr/Calligraphy

You are so awesome! I wish I could partake in this activity but I am just starting now! ( Spencerian theory book is on it's way!) I cant wait to get started and one day be able to join all of you here at /r/calligraphy! :D

u/LeoFragozo · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

While I was using Genki I've used KKLC at the same time, no regrets, I even did the "same Kanji" that i found in both sources, now I'm working in digest Genki by it workbooks, and now to proceed on Tobira.


u/JJ_Harper · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Kodansha KLC is the most serious and quality resource for kanji, and starts right at your level (assuming you can read kana). As an alternative to Anki, try Memrise. It has KLC decks.

u/ssjevot · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Well as far as etymology goes, you can't beat the Henshall text (most recent version here):

But if you actually want to learn Kanji I recommend using KLC:

This has a lot of Anki and Memrize decks to help you study.

u/AllegroDigital · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Holy hell.... I got it for $37.44 CAD last June, and now it's being sold for over $500

u/Sleet_day · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

On amazon the dimensions are listed as 15.3 x 3.5 x 22.9 cm

Wow that's really cheap for 720 pages 33 Cdn.

u/cpathrowaway3 · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

I'd suggest Kodansha for kanji learning, as the Genki I and II books don't really supply you with an adequate amount of kanji imo.

u/lianodel · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

There are plenty of good resources out there, so there's no one best option. So, try what you can, see what jives with you, and then stick with it.

Anyway, here are the resources I used and liked:

  1. Kodansha Kanji Learner's Course. I haven't tried RTK, but I went with this one because I liked the approach. It orders the Kanji taking into account frequency, but also introducing "graphemes" one at a time, and the mnemonics were mostly etymologically accurate. Both it and RTK include all the Jouyou kanji, but KKLC includes a few more (total 2,300) by adding in some common non-Jouyou kanji that are still handy to know.

    I used this to quickly go through all the important kanji and their meanings. I neglected readings, but I think it was worth it, since now I can recognize characters more confidently, and pick up readings in context with vocabulary.

    Unfortunately it's currently unavailable via Amazon, but the item listing lets you preview the book. Use that to see if you like it. Alternatively, see if you can find it at a local bookstore so you can page through it (I bought mine at Barnes & Noble), or check your local library (which may be able to order it if you ask for it). You can also use those methods to preview other books, like RTK.

  2. KanjiStudy. It's an app for Android (and iPhone, but last I checked, that version is considerably behind). Great for quizzes and writing practice, and it supports grouping the kanji by whatever order you want, be it KKLC, RTK, Japanese grade levels, etc. $10 and super worth it (again, at least on Android), but you can try it for free to access the kana, radicals, and one "level" of Kanji for each learning order. The only think it's missing is a spaced repetition system, but that's coming eventually.

  3. WaniKani. I like it as a convenient supplement to keep me studying kanji regularly. You can get many of the same features with an Anki deck, so it's up to you if it's worth the convenience, style, and audio samples. The mnemonics have improved, but are still way too goofy for me, but that's what I have KKLC for anyway. There's a free trial, so it's worth checking out. Plus the people running the site and the community seem cool. Also, it includes vocabulary, which is nice, and has an API to integrate with other apps, like BunPro and SatoriReader, which can add a little value.
u/Raywes88 · 3 pointsr/LearnJapanese

I used it up until about level 8 I think. I liked it and the items that I leveled to mastered/enlightened (as they call it) are definitely in my brain.

However I'm cheap and for the cost of 4ish months of WK (it's like $8/Mo for non beta testers now right?) I just decided to pick up The Kodansha Kanji Learner's Course.

This book paired with HouHou is effectively the same thing as WK. Of course you do need to be a little more motivated because you need to add the items to HouHou yourself. I think this is also pretty cool because, for example, I recently switched the language on the weather site I use to Japanese. I've thrown all the new weather terms I've encountered so far along with their Kanji into HouHou.

In the interest of fairness: A major drawback of HouHou is the lack of any app/online review. I've resorted to using Teamviewer to connect to my PC in order to do reviews remotely. WK (and I think Anki) certainly does not have this problem; there is even a pretty good app for WK afaik.

If you're interested, I pretty much do what this guy does (except he uses Anki) and I feel like I've been making as much progress as I did with WK.

Edit: I'd like to add that with WK I never bothered with stroke order or writing any of the kanji at all. Since I've switched to this new approach I've started writing out each kanji ~10 times (sometimes more if it looks really similar to another one I already know etc etc) and I feel like this has helped me remember them immensely YMMV.

u/katapetasma · 3 pointsr/Reformed

Lingua Latina: Familia Romana is one of my favorite books.

u/cinisoot · 3 pointsr/latin

If you're trying to find some sort of "natural method" to learning Latin I reccommend Lingua Latina. The audio recordings can also be helpful if you decide to get them but they aren't necessary.

u/a_cool_goddamn_name · 3 pointsr/IWantToLearn

Lingua latina per se illustrata.

Learn using the natural method.

u/_Qoppa_ · 3 pointsr/latin

Sounds like you're interested in classical Latin. Starting there is a good idea, as church Latin tends to be simpler than classical Latin, meaning if you can read classical Latin, you'll have no trouble reading church Latin. I would recommend Lingua Latina. It is 100% in Latin, but starts off very simply and slowly introduces grammar and new words, so that by the time you finish the book you can read in Latin reasonably fluently. If you have experience in learning languages or speak another Romance language, you may be able to get by with just this book, but if not a traditonal grammar like Wheelock's Latin would be a good supplement. The benefit of Lingua Latina is that it teaches you to read in Latin, not painfully translate it. If you're goal is to be able to read texts for pleasure, this is a must.

u/dephira · 3 pointsr/languagelearning

Yes basically writing a text in German without any explanatory notes. It just came to my mind since your approach is so heavy on cognates so students should be able to understand a text made up of those cognates and half cognates.


You can preview some pages of the book on Amazon, maybe it will help clarify what I mean: Amazon link

u/PoorDumbandBroken · 3 pointsr/Catholicism

In college I used Keller and Russel's Learn to Read Latin and didn't have any luck with it.

A few years later I picked up Lingua Latina, (and its supporting materials), and did a LOT better. The latter uses an immersion based method where you try to figure out what's going on based on cognates. Over time you pick up conjugation and declension pretty naturally instead of trying to memorize tables.

There are supporting materials with classical vs ecclesiastical pronunciation which you might find helpful as well.

Edit: Check out the Amazon preview I linked, it should give you a good idea of what to expect.

u/ihatemendingwalls · 3 pointsr/literature

I'm taking a Latin III this year and this is our sorta finale for the Latin program.

The other question is very tricky.

  1. It's taken me three years to get the point I am now and I wouldn't even call myself super qualified. We're all getting by with a lot of help from our teacher. And the rate I've been working at has been anything but steady. So that being said, I'd say anywhere from 1-3 years of learning.

  2. It's very dependent on the book you have. I personally recommend Hans Orberg's [Lingua Latina] ( and its [companion] ( The first one is written entirely in Latin; it's meant to teach Latin in a totally immersive way, by bypassing your native language and getting you to connect Latin vocabulary with images and ideas. I guess you don't technically need the companion but it's helpful when grammar concepts get more complex so I'd recommend it.

  3. We jumped into Ovid after chapter 26ish, but I'd recommend at least finishing the book. Also, I hear Orberg's second book is a great bridge between the teaching style of Latin he writes and the poetry of Ancient Rome.

  4. One more thing, take your time. By the time you're finished with each chapter, reading it should be as easy as reading in English. I think its recommended that you read them 7 times before moving on. It'll be dull at first but the repetition only reinforces it more.

    Hope I helped!
u/Elara94 · 3 pointsr/latin

To ease into it I would suggest Lingua Latina, it's a book designed to teach through totally immersion. You'll probably find the first few chapters ridiculously easy, but further on will probably be about your previous level. There are multiple of books with multiple levels of reading capabilities. Here's a link to it

u/ScaryCookieMonster · 3 pointsr/CFB

I've been reading Take Your Eye Off the Ball. It's definitely NFL-focused, but really gives a lot of insight into the things going on that we don't normally look at during the plays--specifically O-Line and D-Line gamesmanship and QBs reading coverage and pressure pre-snap. I'm only about 1/3 of the way through it, but I'd recommend it so far.

u/NaugyNugget · 3 pointsr/AroundTheNFL

> "Take your eye off the ball" is a great book for learning about the game, positions, systems, the draft, training and everything else.

I've heard this said as well but haven't bought it ever -- amazon us link is here...

u/biglineman · 3 pointsr/DenverBroncos

I picked up a copy of Take Your Eye Off the Ball, and I'm learning how to make reports so I can apply some of it to the playoffs. Just the DVD alone has opened my eyes tremendously!

u/FloydiusMaximus · 3 pointsr/genki

I don't believe there is a 2017 version -- there is the old First Edition and the newer second edition. It is available on amazon for a reasonable price -- to my knowledge there is no legal pdf download.

u/cockPunches · 3 pointsr/AlienExchange

i suggest this book. it comes with a cd for you to follow along in.

best advice is for you to just be able to stay consistent enough for just one semester to be able to make it to a face-to-face class at a community college somewhere. (~350 a class depending on your residency. hopefully you live somewhere close to a comm college)

our japanese teacher who was also japanese with a phd in linguistics taught from this book and it was great.

u/o33o · 3 pointsr/japan

I think you meant you know some Hiragana instead of kanji. You'll need to know all 50 of them before you can read anything. Worry about kanji later. Learning with a textbook is more effective. I recommend the Genki textbook. You can also search for "beginner Japanese" videos on Youtube.

u/gamaliel64 · 3 pointsr/gaming

This is what my program used. It's pretty good.

u/Rewin42 · 3 pointsr/NoGameNoLife

More than likely the light novels (7 and 8) will be officially translated by the time you're able to read the untranslated version.

If you still want to learn Japanese though, my best advice is to search around on your own and see what works for you. What I've found works for me has been:

Free Stuff:

First memorize Hirigana and Katakana (Japanese has three alphabets - Hirigana, Katakana (for loan words), and Kanji. Hirigana and Katakana are close to the English alphabet while Kanji is more like pictograms (for example, eye <3 u)). Write them in the margins of notes your taking, buy a set of post-it notes and write down the hirigana and katakana tables every hour or so, and you'll learn it in a few days Certainly less than a week.

For kanji, wanikani ( is a good idea to get started on early (it's slow going at least at first, but a nice review tool - learn the kanji and example phrases on your own if it's too slow). (edit: Actually $10 per month after the first three levels (~1 month to complete first three levels). edit 2: There's a coupon for 50% off forever floating around though.)

Other than that, there are pdfs of the textbook Genki I (link to amazon) floating around (or you could pay $80ish for the textbook and workbook). This is the textbook the majority of people use, and it's basically your standard textbook. The stories of Mary and Takashi are awesome though and pretty fun to follow.

Learning a language requires you to learn a whole host of new grammar rules (Japanese has a good chunk with no equivalent in English) and thousands upon thousands of vocabulary. Tae Kim's Grammar Guide is typically pointed to for those who want to learn the grammar quickly, or have a resource to look at as you encounter new grammar.

Youtube videos. Puni-Puni, and others are quick to watch and really good review.

Watch anime, read manga! It's either very low-cost, or free, and exposes you to the language. You can hear or read the grammar structures your learning about, or see kanji in action. Likely since most are geared towards japanese middle-school-age to high-school-age students you won't be able to understand the vast majority of what you read or hear (without subtitles or translations), but you'll be able to get the gist of it. Here's a youtube channel that takes a sentence or two from currently-airing or recent anime and breaks it down. Also, here's a newer subreddit doing somewhat the same thing.

Lower cost stuff:

I used the workbook "Japanese Tutor" to get from the beginner to intermediate stage. It's $20 but was a very nice way to work my way through the beginner stage to intermediate.

Japanese Graded Readers is a great way to practice reading. They're kind of like scholastic books you would find at book fairs in elementary school. They don't use complex sentence structure or complex words (or complex kanji in japanese's case), and are designed for foreign language learners (so the topics are more adult, less "The dog ran. The cat ate. The bug couldn't swim."). I recommend you start at Level 1 since Level 0 is more about learning odd vocab. You can understand Level 1 books in about 2-3 weeks if you spend around 2 hours each day studying. You get 5 books (15-25 pages each - which is just enough so you don't get tired ever so slowly reading them) for $30.

High cost stuff:

Rosetta Stone is a nice way to learn vocabulary and practice hearing the language, but it's costly at $170-$200 (for all 3 levels - 150 hours). If you have a friend who can loan it to you to try out (or split the cost with) it's a really nice tool since it teaches vocabulary of objects you see in daily life, and you'll be able to look around your house or city and have a word for a good chunk of things.

u/tetsuyaa · 3 pointsr/anime

Hehe, おうえんする = verb for to cheer. おうえんしているよ = I am cheering you on

Edit : P.s. if you wanna get a japanese book get this :, it's what I learned from, theres multiple volumes and this is the first one

Edit 2: おうえん*

u/LovelyVidel · 3 pointsr/bangtan

Thank you so much! Is this what I’m looking for along with getting the workbook? Also since this is completely self-study, would I need the answer key that is shown below “customers who bought this item also bought”?

u/bit101 · 2 pointsr/fountainpens

I got this and worked all the way through it. It was very good.

I'm now working on Michael Sull's American Cursive Handwriting in the link previously posted here. I'm REALLY getting a lot out of that, but note that "American Cursive Handwriting" book is NOT Spencerian. That's the one he's currently mostly pushing on his site. But he does have a lot of other Spencerian books and resources on the site.

u/konijntjesbroek · 2 pointsr/LifeProTips

Are you looking for block printing (Tech diagrams/schematics/spec sketches). Or more fancy writing? The things that are encouraged for readability on documents for emergency communications (I do red cross disaster and am a crisis manager for a telco). Block print in small caps. So what I did to help is to get some graph paper and practice ~20m 3x/week. As you practice this you will notice that certain letters look really good to you. Highlight these and the next time out try to make your letter look like the one that you highlighted. If you are looking for cursive improvement there are handbooks/workbooks. I have used spencerian penmanship books.

u/jina100 · 2 pointsr/fountainpens

I’ve been slowly making my way through these books. I’ll practice a letter a bit and then integrate it into my daily writing to the best of my ability :)

u/Thinkinaboutu · 2 pointsr/fountainpens

For Copperplate

For Spencerian

For Cursive basics(The content is good, but the paper isn't great for FPs, so you will probably need to use a Fine nib)

u/77mx77 · 2 pointsr/fountainpens

I thinks its just a case of writing a page of each letter, taking your time to form the letters correctly. And then doing the same with words etc until you can slowly get faster and faster.

Also I would say spend an evening of two on form, how to hold the pen, and some exercises to help you get the hang of the different movements that all letters are made from. I found these books really helpful, although I did end up changing some of the letters to speed up my handwriting.

u/JessTheMullet · 2 pointsr/Handwriting

I bought the mott media reprint of the original Spencerian workbooks off of Amazon. It's rather old-fashioned, but it'll get you the basics and you can adapt it to regular use without much effort. Spencerian was originally supposed to be efficient, and with practice, you're supposed to be able to write it at a pretty good speed while still having it be easy to read.

u/PublicyPolicy · 2 pointsr/fountainpens

I picked up spencerian. Its nice but very slow. Properly practiced, most cursive are faster to write than print. Part of the reason they exist. Though spencerian, super slow. Will improve with muscle memory though.

If you need something faster, business script could be what you need.

I have been working through that with a flex pen. Very rewarding but its kinda weird to re learn to write at 32, but like you my hand writing was always crap.

From that book i learned i missed many fundamentals they simply did not teach. Oh well.

u/Bob-omb_hoedown · 2 pointsr/fountainpens
u/Mrstarker · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

The main benefit is that you learn kanji in a systematic way. They teach you to take kanji apart into their components and are structured so that you don't learn new kanji without being familiar with the components.

Kodansha Kanji Learner's Course has a pretty good breakdown of each character along with a simple etymological explanation of how it was formed and a few example words. It's excellent for using with Anki and there is a pre-made deck for this.

Wanikani, however, is a self-contained online SRS platform with a paid subscription model. It teaches you first the components, then kanji that are made of these components and then words that are made of these kanji. It's divided into 60 levels and you have to complete each level before you can go on to the next (as it's an SRS), so it takes at least over a year to complete it.

As for whether to use either of them, you'd have to decide for yourself. WK has first 3 levels free at an accelerated pace and KKLC has a preview on Amazon, so you could check them out for yourself:

u/snowbell55 · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Can't really say for an actual order between all of the books but you should learn hiragana and katakana before doing anything else (it's not so intimidating to do), and you can probably go on to use Genki 1 then Genki 2 after that.

That said you did pick several well recommended books so assuming you can get a study plan going (and stick with it) you should be on a good footing.

As far as other recommended resources, I've heard (but not tried it myself) Tobira mentioned as a good way of moving on after finishing Genki. For Kanji and (to a lesser extent) vocab you could also use Anki (free) or Wanikani (subscription / one off payment), or if you prefer textbooks KKLC.

u/CruickshankB · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

I can't match 20-30 per day, but I was able to manage learning 8 kanji a day from the Kanji Learner's Course (that's how many kanji appear on two pages). They mostly stuck because the book has a solid system for remembering kanji meanings, and the vocabulary words always use the earlier kanji so you keep reviewing them as you go along. I also looked up sentences on for practice.

The book tries to guide you toward more reading practice after kanji #1200, and away from just cramming more kanji. By that point I was sort of addicted to the book, and it was easier to keep using it than do real reading in the wild. But there's a balance.

u/scodeth · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Does the Kodansha Kanji Learner's Course teach kanji using radicals?

I prefer learning with radicals and have been using wanikani to do so, but 10 levels in my hands can't keep up due to weak hands due to an injury a few years back.

Has anyone tried this textbook, and can vouch for how effective it is?

repost but didn't get any answers in the last thread.

u/megumifestor · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Hey, friend. Can I please have a link to where you bought Kodansha from?

EDIT: [Sorry, found it] ( further down in this thread for anyone looking for it!

u/Toast- · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

If you can't read hiragana and katakana, find an app for that and learn them right away (really doesn't take long).

You'll want some way to study grammar, and while a textbook like Genki is probably best, Human Japanese or Tae Kim's Guide are good options that I really like.

You'll also probably want a way to learn Kanji, in which case I would pick up a copy of the Kodansha Kanji Learners Course and the Anki app plus related decks. If you want to stay entirely on mobile and don't mind monthly fees, try out WaniKani.

As for vocab, Anki with one of the "Core" vocab decks would be a good start.

u/Kai_973 · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Nice! That's a promising start.

I'll tell you what I wish I'd known when I first started:

Know that the more you expose yourself to it, the better you'll get. The less you see, the more it will slip away. Studying every day is the key to success.

Once you've got Romaji completely out of the picture (it's a terrible crutch), try to add as much Kanji as you reasonably can. If you're really serious about the language, start looking into Kanji vocab building sooner than later. (Don't learn isolated Kanji 1-by-1, you'll never know how to read them when you see them in words if you do that.) Learning the core ~2,000 for genuine literacy sounds daunting, but the sooner you start, the sooner you can get there.

The starter's guide in the sidebar here recommends either WaniKani or Kodansha Kanji Learner's Course to tackle it. I started WaniKani about 2 months ago, and it's taken me through ~400 Kanji and ~1,150 vocab terms so far. If I had started a year earlier, I'd have learned all its 2k Kanji and 6k vocab by now!

u/shadyendless · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

There's the book on Amazon. You can click "Look inside" and see the book for yourself. Not sure where you looked for samples at.

u/pexeq · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Just buy it?

And if you use that method I recommend these books as well:

Personally I use WaniKani because I like the way it works, but I also have KKLC as a backup incase WK gets too freaky with the mnemonics and radicals.

u/Kamik77 · 2 pointsr/italy

Certo! Il fatto che conosci hiragana e katakana è un'ottima cosa, visto che in questo modo puoi partire già da subito. Io ho seguito gli (ottimi) consigli di r/learnjapanese e ho quindi acquistato il libro che praticamente tutti consigliano: genki (2 volumi che vengono 50€ ciascuno su Amazon). Unica pecca è che esiste solo in inglese, Ma il livello di inglese è ragionevolmente basso e, personalmente, mi ci sto trovando bene. Purtroppo genki non è abbastanza per imparare anche i kanji, per cui ho acquistato il "kodansha kanji learner's course", il quale utilizza un inglese un po' più "avanzato" e del quale ancora non ti posso ancora dire nulla, dato che per impegni non sono riuscito ancora a iniziarlo. Comunque una volta completati i due genki dovresti essere all'incirca al livello del JLPT N4, per cui in grado di leggere o manga semplici (con scrittura furigana, se non hai ancora iniziato uno studio approfondito dei kanji) oppure giochi come どうぶつの森 (conosciuto in Italia come animal's crossing). Come bonus ti lascio questa lista, sempre di giochi che utilizzano un giapponese semplice, per quando avrai completato i due genki. Scusa per essermi dilungato così tanto, spero di esserti stato d'aiuto!

u/weabot · 2 pointsr/polandball

Most Latin learners will recommend you Lingua Latina per se Illustrata with a latin dictionary, online or not. Wikipedia's fine too. It's one of the best ways out there to learn it to a comfortable level, because it gives you true immersion in the language. There's no English past the cover. And then you can practice on random texts you find on the internet, the book should give you a nice idea of Latin grammar and common words, nice enough to keep going on your own without help but a dictionary.

u/svatycyrilcesky · 2 pointsr/Catholicism

If you speak a Western European language, Latin will be probably be far more familiar to you in terms of vocabulary, word roots, and even common phrases. It's also a lot easier to "see" it in daily life, since it uses the same alphabet and is the root of every Romance language. Grammatically Greek and Latin have a lot in common, so if you become proficient in Latin then Greek grammar will be - I won't lie and say easy, but at least a lot more manageable.

In addition, there's just so much written in Latin since it was/is such a prestigious language in the West. I read that about 75% of Latin literature was written after 500 AD, and that includes medieval drinking songs, Issac Newton's physics, and every university motto everywhere ever. You'll have a lot to practice with!

EDIT: I hear lots of good things about Lingua Latina Per Se Illustra, although I use an old copy of Wheelock's because it has lots of grammar and resources and I'm a masochist. Maybe join us at r/latin/ or r/languagelearning/

u/versorverbi · 2 pointsr/Catholicism

To learn Latin, I always suggest Wheelock--I think the fourth edition was new when I studied Latin, so I can't swear by the 7th edition, but it probably hasn't changed too much. Others frequently advocate for LLPSI because it's closer to immersion (the way most modern languages are taught) than grammar-first (Wheelock's and my preferred method). Obviously you'd need more than just the first volume of LLPSI, but that's where you'd start.

As for Latin resources, the Latin Library has a ton of free texts, including the Latin Fathers. At least some of them are OCR scans, though, so be aware that there may be typos here and there.

For Ancient Greek... I learned with Groton, which tries to be the Wheelock of Greek, but doesn't do as well. Every time someone asks this on r/AncientGreek, there's never a consensus on the best textbook.

Once you understand how the language works, you can start reading texts without translation, as long as you have a dictionary handy. My recommendation is that you always try to figure out each word yourself before turning to other resources, but if you get really stuck, you can use parsers (Whitaker's Words for just Latin, Perseus has parsers for both). Perseus also has a lot of texts available, both original language and public domain translations, and the code for their database is open-source. Even if you don't use their parsers, Perseus has Liddell & Scott (the Liddell-Scott-Jones "Great Scott"/"LSJ" and the "Middle Liddell" sizes), Slater, and Autenrieth dictionaries for Greek and the Lewis & Short (as well as its abbreviated Elementary Lewis) dictionary for Latin.

If you're flush with cash, the Loeb Classical Library has, I would like to say, almost everything in Greek and Latin side-by-side with translations. It's an easy way to read and study the classics without first learning the languages (or while you learn the languages). If you have access to an academic library, you can usually find/access them without having to buy them. Now that I work far from academia, I just have to lament sadly that I can't afford it. (Before I get too old, maybe I'll buy an individual license for the digital version.)

As for Church Fathers in general, like I mentioned above, many Latin Fathers are available for free, and most (not quite all, I don't think) Church Fathers are available for free in translation. The Greek texts are harder to come by, mostly because they aren't collected in one quick place that I'm aware of (except perhaps sites like Perseus).

Trying to find free resources can be a challenge because university presses are behind most publications of classical texts, which means (1) they get to copyright the texts because of their translation, critical apparatus, or editing, and (2) those copyrights last a long time when assigned to an institution instead of a person, especially when they keep refreshing them with new "editions" that barely change.

u/Terrance_aka_Magnus · 2 pointsr/latin
u/TMWNN · 2 pointsr/AskHistorians

Lingua Latina. (Also see the reviews for the edition without the illustrations.)

u/crwcomposer · 2 pointsr/mylatintattoo

I just do it for fun, I've got no real Latin qualifications. I've learned a lot from hanging around this subreddit and from the Lingua Latina per se Illustrata books, the Perseus Digital Library, and Wiktionary.

u/Jandar1 · 2 pointsr/latin

Acquiring a language takes time. There is no shortcut. Reading the book once or just a few times is NOT enough. A single book like [Familia Romana] ( would normally take 2-3 years (300-400 hours of classes, homework etc) in a classroom setting. So, if you do the math, you should spend about 10 hours on each chapter! If you intend to spend all that time 'just reading' that would boil down to reading each chapter 20-60 times depending on your reading speed. You'd probably have acquired the Latin by then, yes. I would however prefer a bit more variation.
E.g. read aloud, record and play back. Read Colloquia Personarum, recording one part with pauses and then speak the other part, then switch roles. Also read Fabellae Latinae. They all cover the same ground as the main book. Do the Exercitia Latina and note that each exercise is in fact a summary of (part of) the chapter, which you could just re-read as such... now combine 2 of those to create a larger overall summary... then, using these as models, try to write a summary by yourself. Keep re-reading everything. As long as you are working with the chapter's text for 10 hours...

u/its_ysabel · 2 pointsr/languagelearning

As a Latin student, I'm obviously biased, but you should choose Latin. Latin is a really fun language, and it's really not that difficult. Since you've studied Russian, you already have a background in declined languages, and your Spanish will help with the vocab. English will help too, regardless of the fact that it's a Germanic language.

If you pick Latin, look into Wheelock's Latin. I use this book, and I think it does a really good job of explaining everything. It's also loaded with examples and practice work, and has a nice answer key in the back if you get stuck. Since it's a course "based on ancient authors," many of the passages are excerpts or adaptations from authors like Cicero or Caesar. It teaches you about Roman history and culture in addition to the language, which I think is nice.

I've also heard plenty of good things about Lingua Latina per se Illustrata, but I haven't used it very extensively.

There's also the Perseus Latin Word Study Tool, which is really helpful. They also have a Greek version, if you decide to go with Greek.

Wiktionary can be useful as well, as it gives full declensions or conjugations for tons of Latin words.

If you progress to a high enough level, you can read the news and tons of ancient authors in Latin.

Also, if you study Latin, we can be language twins. :P

u/bwsmg718 · 2 pointsr/NYGiants

Take Your Eye Off the Ball 2.0: How to Watch Football by Knowing Where to Look

You can start there and once you're finished with it I can send you some more resources.

u/who-hash · 2 pointsr/AskMenOver30

The speed of the game and athletic ability of the players goes up 10-fold.

NFL defenses are fast. D-linemen and edge rushers get to the QBs quickly. DBs cover the field better. Offensive schemes are usually more complex and most successful college QBs simply can't adapt.

Although I have a home team that I root for I love watching any good team play. Unless it's your thing I wouldn't get caught up in any of the drama which is what most mainstream media headlines will contain. It ruins it for me.

  • I found a couple of books that helped me: Take your Eye off the Ball and The Essential Smart Football
  • I'd highly recommend against going to r/NFL unless you want memes and sh1tposting. I can only handle it in small doses. There is an occasional good analysis but you've got to wade through a lot of garbage to find it.
u/DarthFrog · 2 pointsr/nfl

This book by the late Dr. Z is one of the best football books I've read. I also like Take Your Eye Off the Ball.

u/winemaster · 2 pointsr/nfl

This book really helped me.

EDIT: Here's the UK link

u/BlobTheOriginal · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Yeah, thanks, seems so This comes out to about £26 (then add conversion, shipping, etc) so still much less than £70!

u/vivianvixxxen · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Katakana above all else. If you decide you hate everything and don't want to learn any more, or you've gotten distracted and run out of time to study, at the very very least, learn katakana.

Yes, you should learn hiragana as well, and a few of the most important kanji, and basic survival phrases, but.... If all else fails, cram those katakana in on the flight.

Beyond that, the First Grade Joyo Kanji (of which there's only 100 really simple ones) are probably the most essential.

I'd grab Lonely Planet's Japanese Phrasebook. Even if you're planning on learning the language with a textbook (go with Genki, imo), the LP phrasebook is invaluable for your first few months in the country.

u/Snakey1024 · 2 pointsr/japan

First, learn how to read these. I would recommend getting Genki, to teach you basic grammar and vocab. There is probably a downloadable version somewhere.

I use Anki for mostly vocab. You can download packs here. I also use Tae Kim's site and iOS app for advanced grammar.

u/Razor0310 · 2 pointsr/manga

That's the first edition, and while not a lot is different between the two I definitely recommend getting the second edition as it comes with the CD and prices for the first edition individual CDs are criminal. The workbook and answerkey also help.

I also have some social anxiety, but I think what helps me is that I have a teacher I can talk about my interests with easily. I had a teacher closer to when I started learning and the lessons weren't nearly as enjoyable and I'd try to look for excuses to cancel them. Now I look forward to them and don't feel nearly as nervous about making mistakes (which happen often, my speaking is pretty bad).

u/corporalgrenwick · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

If you can directly import from Amazon Japan, the prices aren't that bad. They are currently ¥3,780 each for the textbooks, ¥1,728 each for the workbooks, and ¥864 for the answer key (note these prices have tax included so if you are ordering and shipping them outside Japan they may remove the tax--I paid ¥3,500, ¥1,600, and ¥800).


u/Hawkuro · 2 pointsr/AceAttorney

Genki, a textbook for English-speaking Japanese learners, has an infamous character called Mary-san, who's a huge asshole. I believe there was a Tanaka-kun in there somewhere as well.

u/Iwashi94 · 2 pointsr/BABYMETAL

Sounds like a cool idea, maybe we could set up an IRC channel, or something? I've started going through this book by /u/capitafk 's suggestion over at /r/SakuraGakuin. I've done the first 2-3 lessons, and it's been great so far, though I'm still slow when reading kana and I can't necessarily write that well...

u/ferragut97 · 2 pointsr/brasil

Precisa ser um curso ou só um material com uma estrutura linear basta? Se você vai virar autodidata de qualquer jeito e a grana ta curta talvez seja melhor já ir começando. Dá para aprender japônes de graça na internet, o que muda é a qualidade do material e o tempo toma para te levar um certo nível.

Tem o Genki que é um dos livros mais usados para aprendizado de japonês. A estrutura dele é extremamente linear, bem fácil de entender e os capitulos iniciais são bem intuitivos para quem esta começando. A ideia é você tentar achar esse livro de graça na web (ho ho ho), dai ver os primeiros capitulos para ver se tem compatibilidade com o livro.

Como duas pessoas já mencionaram aqui, também tem a Misa-sensei e Nama-sensei . Uma é super fofa que explica grámatica de básica até avançada com vários exemplos e o outro é um bêbado(no bom sentido) que usa mais comédia para explicar os básicos. O nama é mais fácil de assitir mas ele tem vários problemas como: letra horrível, errar as ordens de kana e meio hit-or-miss com o jeito que ensina.

Esses são os caminhos mais lineares que têm. Porém, se você mudar de ideia e quiser ir para autodidata desde do começo, sugiro ler o guia do /int/ que te dá objetivos claros que precisam ser atingidos. Se você quer algo mais direto que o Genki (sem história, mais grámatica) , tem o guia do Tam Kim que é bem direto ao ponto. O Tam Kim é de graça, ao contrário do Genki, então pode ser uma boa alternativa se não quiser pegar o livro por outros meios.

Quando você começa a ser autoditada estudando uma língua aparece vários métodos estranho que você não tem certeza ou não. Um canal que pode falar mais desses métodos é o Matt vs. Japan. Esse cara perdeu boa parte da vida dele usando métodos extremos para aprender japônes e nos vídeos ele fala o que funciona ou não. Algumas coisas dele são muito extremas, mas sobre métodos de aprender kanji e spaced repetition system(SRS) são bem interessantes e realmente funcionam.

De qualquer jeito, você vai ter que aprender usar o Anki, seja para decks pré-feitos ou preparar ou seus próprios (decks próprios são sempre melhores que pré-feitos). Não há uma sombra de dúvida que o Anki é o instrumento mais forte para se aprender japônes ( e qualquer língua). Ele entra no SRS que eu mencionei anteriormente. Pra você ter uma ideia tem pessoas que estudam sem material/livros, só através de input (animes/videos/filmes) e Anki.

Para output(conversação), você vai precisar: ou procurar algo em RJ que tenha grupos de conversas em japônes, ou vai ter que achar pessoas na internet (o que é mais fácil). Tem vários aplicativos que te conectam com nativos, assim como canais de discord onde treinam japônes/inglês.

u/Tonster911 · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

If you are okay with spending some money you can buy Genki Volume 1 textbook (Amazon page). It's the basics of the grammar and reading. If you don't want to spend money then duolingo (link) is a good site for learning Japanese. Though I personally don't like it as much as just taking a class and learning from a textbook

u/Tonnot98 · 2 pointsr/Animemes

I started off with DuoLingo for the same reason, and while it was helpful to learn the Hiragana and some basic things, I personally found myself dissatisfied with the teaching style, and started taking a college course. I found that the book, combined with other self study (like music, anime, reading and deciphering comments on youtube, and trying to read untranslated hentai), was very helpful. This link has the book that I have, though you might be able to find a free PDF if you look hard enough. There's a workbook companion book with it for review.

It teaches mostly polite forms of speaking, which you should almost always use if you're planning on attempting to speak to anyone that's Japanese, unless you know them very well. Just a heads-up.

Edit: It's also best to have a study buddy to practice conversations with, and to correct each-other's mistakes. So grab another weeb and try to learn alongside them!

u/durafuto · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese
Is a great starter as a book.
You also have if you rather start online (and free) It's very extensive and the guy is really a nerd about the language but imho it's a bit blunt for beginners. is online and beginner friendly but I find it quite verbose (maybe you wont). First "season" is free so go check it out as the WK team has done a nice job there too.

u/pokitopockets · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

(sorry, for some reason I only got the notification of your reply now)

Yes, the cheap one is the workbook. A workbook is an optional book that only contains exercises, it won't teach you japanese. It's useful, but if it's up to you to buy it or not. What you need is the textbook, which is the book that actually teaches you stuff (vocab, grammar).

This one is the textbook and this one is the workbook.

u/LFGUBRS · 2 pointsr/yuruyuri

Always start with learning hiragana and katakana. These are a handful of phonetic symbols that you will need to read basically anything. The guides below will cover them, but just make sure it's the first thing you do.

Tae Kim's guide starts at the basics and then continues with grammar. It's very much based on a "casual first" principle where it starts informal and builds up to formal speech, unlike most textbooks that focus on the latter. You could also check out the pdf version if you find that more comfortable.

Speaking of informal, you might like Namasensei's videos. This is how I made a start years ago. His handwriting is terrible, but it's a very motivational way to learn your hiragana and katakana.

A popular tool for learning vocabulary is Anki with a Core 2k/6k vocab deck. I found a guide here, but I haven't checked if this particular one is up to date. Anki is a flashcard program, and that vocab deck contains the 6000 most frequently used words in Japanese. You can build up your vocab knowledge daily, and get reviews on words you've had before. There's also a mobile app (free on android, paid on iphone), which is really convenient if you commute a lot.

If you like textbooks, possibly the most commonly used are Minna no Nihongo and Genki. I have no experience with these myself, so I can't really comment on them. Apparently the Minna no Nihongo book I linked expects you to know hiragana and katakana before you even dive in, so be aware of that.

For reading practice, look for children's books or simple manga. These texts usually have furigana, which basically means that all the complex characters (kanji) have little hiragana on top that show you how to read them. It's going to make your life a lot easier when you're just starting out.

Another website to keep in mind is Jisho, which will help you look up kanji by piecing them together. Useful if furigana aren't present, which is the case for most advanced texts. Kanji are a huge roadblock for a lot of people, but don't be intimidated by them.

The only thing I can't really help you with is listening practice. I have tried watching some TV shows, but it's often very fast and hard to follow. Anime is fine, as long as you're aware that it's not always exactly realistic.

In summary:

  • Learn hiragana and katakana first
  • Build up your grammar and vocabulary
  • Find material to practice reading and listening, appropriate for your current level of grammar/vocabulary
u/Tomato_Farmer73 · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

I accidentally bought the Genki 1 workbook thinking it was the textbook; I'm guessing it won't be much help without the textbook? Also, is this the textbook I'd need?

u/osu-ez · 2 pointsr/Philippines

Don't worry about the N# levels, they really don't indicate your skill at all. Many people have studied for those tests specifically and had no skill in Japanese other than those tests, and still managed to pass N5. It doesn't test you for anything other than reading.

For learning hiragana and katakana, you can do that over the weekend and the kanji you can learn in two or three months. Personally I'm doing 50 a day. You should look in to a tool called Anki, and some books. Specifically, Teach Yourself Complete Japanese, Colloquial Japanese and GENKI I: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese. Send me a PM and I'll see what I can do for sending you some E-book versions of those books.

For Kanji, check out Heisig's Remembering the Kanji. There's a shared deck for it on Anki. I changed the particular deck available on Anki so the kanji is on the front, and the meaning and the story are on the back. It doesn't teach you the meanings of the kanji, which I believe is a good thing; you should learn the readings of the kanji from the context in certain words. I'm currently learning 50 new kanji a day with Anki + doing my reviews.

u/Cuoted · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

That's the first book I considered but right now it is not available on Canadian Amazon with Amazon Prime

and it is a bit out of my price range as a high school student

u/555ic · 2 pointsr/IWantToLearn

/r/LearnJapanese if you haven't found it already. I am trying to learn as well!

To be more specific, the FAQ is a great place to start. I am using a textbook called Genki along with a flashcard program called Anki for vocab memorization.

Start by learning Hiragana and Katakana, then you can start to learn vocabulary. I'm obviously not going to claim this is the best method, as learning a language is a unique process for everyone. Good luck!

u/EmmaWinters · 2 pointsr/dbz

Lots of studying.

If you want to get started, you'll need to learn Hiragana and Katakana before anything else. The demo of Human Japanese will teach you Hiragana, and Anki flashcards will help with Katakana. From there, move on to Genki, and maybe supplement that with Anki and a Genki vocab deck.

It's not that difficult. You just gotta keep at it and never stop.

u/somnusXmemoria · 2 pointsr/Philippines

Hello, does anyone know where I can buy a Genki I textbook?

I tried asking at fullybooked and apparently it costs 10k for a special order. The one at national bookstore simply stated that they don't have one (which I doubt, since she was busy chatting with her worker).

u/ochitaloev · 2 pointsr/secretsanta

We all have that phase. I recommend the Genki series if you are serious about starting to study Japanese. It's what they use in beginner university courses.

It's a little pricy, but worth the money in my opinion. I bought mine 10 years ago.

u/mseffner · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

You need the textbook itself, as well as the workbook. Scans of the answer key are among the first results on Google when you search "Genki answer key". There's nothing else you need, though pencil and paper will probably be helpful. I also recommend checking out Anki, which is a flashcard program that will help you memorize vocabulary.

u/pissygaijin · 2 pointsr/languagelearning

> Can anyone give me some advice, as well as any websites/books that I can read up on to improve in my understanding of the language?

The book Genki 1 is often recommended.

u/JTadaki · 2 pointsr/softwaregore

四/よん/yon = 4
Try if you have iOS. I'm not sure if Imiwa is on Android, this app serves as a dictionary.

Also checkout the 1st Genki textbook and workbook, they are used by schools all over the US and my professor teaches from it daily.

Textbook: GENKI I: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese (English and Japanese Edition)

Workbook: Genki: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese Workbook I [Second Edition] (Japanese Edition) (Japanese and English Edition)

I started with Duolingo as well and it wasn't a great start. These books will help further your Japanese learning. I've been studying for two years starting in August, they really work.

r/learnjapanese is also a great place to check for viable resources besides the ones I mentioned.
Good luck! 頑張って!

u/Haitatchi · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

I've never used Japanese for Dummies, so I don't know how far it takes you and how well it allows you to transition to more advanced learning materials. As has already been mentioned, the easiest method is to exhaust all the grammar your current book can teach. The most popular alternatives to JfD are Genki and Japanese from Zero. If you asked anyone who studied Japanese for a while, if they used either book or at least heard about them, they'll most likely say yes. On top of that, it's easy to build up on your knowledge after you finished the textbook. After Genki 1, you can use Genki 2 and after you finished that as well you'll be quite good at Japanese.

If you want to practise natural speaking and writing, I'd recommend to take a look at an app called HelloTalk. It basically lets you chat with native speakers of a language of your choice for free. It might feel like it's still a little too early to try that but when I look back at how I learnt Japanese, I wish that I would have used that app much, much sooner. It's never to early to start speaking/ writing!

u/curiousQbit · 2 pointsr/transphotography

This is the best way I've found outside of classes.

First of all pick up a copy of Genki I and Genki II, really good textbook to learn Japanese Grammer and basic Kanji.

Here's a link: Genki I

Next I'd head over to /r/LearnJapanese to get some more resources and find someone to talk, italki is also a great way to find a teacher, a proper J-teacher, prices range quite a bit.

And next read everything you can in JP, change your phone language and learn kanji EVERY DAY.

u/masamunecyrus · 2 pointsr/japan

If you're anything like me, I would wager that you're not focusing because your curriculum is painfully slow.

I got my Japanese degree from Indiana University, and in first-year Japanese (two semesters, 5 credit hours each) we went through the entire first Genki. By the second year, we were already on Genki II.

If you're still learning this level of Japanese at the 200 level in college, I'd really recommend you jump into something more intensive--provided you have enthusiasm about learning the language. I study my best when the curriculum is too difficult. I study hard, and I fail. But ultimately I learn more failing at difficult curriculum than I do exceeding at boring curriculum.

My absolute top recommendation for learning Japanese is the Kanzen Master series levels 2 and 3, but those seem to be out of print. It looks like you can purchase the "New Kanzen Master series", but they only publish starting from JLPT level 3 and lower, which is more difficult than the old JLPT level 3.

u/OTRawrior · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

It can be quite confusing! Firstly I did a lot of looking around and unless there is a seller on ebay/amazon UK selling a second hand copy cheap, I found it was cheapest to order it new from

Here's the link to 2nd edition Genki 1 textbook (all you really need, but the workbook is at the bottom of the page too)

There should be a button somewhere to view the site in English.

(sorry about the formatting, on my phone)

u/MisterInfalllible · 2 pointsr/Whatisthis

Try learning some verbal japanese?



Also, take her to a japanese bookstore or the japanese books section in a library?

plus this:


Along with anime - start with miyazaki's "howl's moving castle" or "kiki's delivery service".

u/dxrebirth · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

Remembering the Kanji is very popular: amazon

As well as Genki: amazon

Then there is the Human Japanese app:

Or the Anki app:

And then sites like: time based flash cards correspondence with people that are also trying to learn your language.

I don't know. I am a beginner myself, but these are a good start as far as I am concerned.

u/hardkoretom · 2 pointsr/AskNYC

the 2 apps I use are Kanjibox and Imiwa. Both are for IOS.

Kanjibox is a quiz type of app that teaches the kanji characters based on the JLPT certification levels. If you don't have IOS there is an internet based version here.

Imiwa is just a really extensive english - japanese dictionary.

If you are looking for a textbook, this and this are a couple of the more well regarded ones. This is another book for learning just the kanji.

Good luck

u/gegegeno · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

It's in the "customers also buy..." section. Linky.

IIRC, the text doesn't have the input sections (though it does have some exercises I think - it's been a while). The workbook is intended to be where most of the exercises are. Did you get the CD with the text?

u/nguyen846 · 2 pointsr/genki if you're referring to this one, I'm not sure why it says Japanese edition in the title. In the description it does say Japanese/English. There is a few full Japanese pages at the beginning, which is like the introduction, but there's the english version after it. This book is surely both in Japanese and English as it is meant for english speakers to learn Japanese.

u/read_the_real · 2 pointsr/Libraries
u/dmanexe · 2 pointsr/philosophy

I would recommend 'On Bullshit' by Harry Frankfurt. Great book, philosophically based, and dealing with human communications.

u/MaunoBrau · 2 pointsr/science

Actually, according to this book: , bullshit refers to things a person says that make him/her look better regardless of the truth of said statements. So bullshit may or may not be erroneous; the truth of bullshit is irrelevant. And, the intent is not malicious per se, but it could be if being malicious helped portray the speaker in a positive light, which is the only purpose of bullshit.

u/Fuzzy_Thoughts · 2 pointsr/mormon

The book list just keeps growing in so many different directions that it's hard to identify which I want to tackle next (I also have a tendency to take meticulous notes while I read and that slows the process down even further!). Some of the topics I intend to read about once I'm done with the books mentioned:

u/TheGreatNico · 2 pointsr/psychology

On Bullshit.
It's not lying, its just... bullishit.
I would call this more philosophy than psychology.

u/librarianC · 2 pointsr/askphilosophy
u/hopeinson · 2 pointsr/malaysia

You will not get an appropriate response from denizens here, I suggest that you read this book instead; that way, you will not be buggered into further derision.

u/hulahulagirl · 2 pointsr/suggestmeabook

Vagabonding by Rolf Potts.

u/jaksiemasz · 2 pointsr/travel

I recently read Vagabonding by Rolf Potts, it was pretty interesting.

It's about traveling not a story about travelling though. If you travel a lot you may have already experienced some of what he talks about.

u/Gorill_a · 2 pointsr/books

Vagabonding: An Uncommon Guide to the Art of Long-Term World Travel It isn't fiction... but I can't think of anything else more inspiring to world travel.

u/grohlog · 2 pointsr/personalfinance

Definitely long term travel. It could probably help you grow more as a person than a semester of a graduate program.
What is your experience with statistics and what are you looking to do with it? There are excellent online modules (I've heard anyway, my stats knowledge came from school) that you can definitely utilize while working at your own pace (even at work during downtime). R is the statistics program/language that is currently most well respected in the statistics community, and it's free. R isn't even really taught in a lot of academic programs as far as I know, all the people I know who are proficient in it taught themselves.

edit: This is a great book about long term travel, he's also done some podcasts

u/gonapster · 2 pointsr/travel

you should read Vagabonding.
The book is not long and it has everything you ever need to know. It was eye opener for me :D

u/PaperCloud10 · 2 pointsr/UBC

Could everyone add a quote from the book they're reading? A good quote could draw my interest. Helps me find new stuff to read!

As for myself, I'm currently on Vagabonding: An Uncommon Guide to the Art of Long-Term World Travel. Here are a couple of quotes from said book:

"We need sometimes to escape into open solitudes, into aimlessness, into the moral holiday of running some pure hazard, in order to sharpen the edge of life, to taste hardship, and to be compelled to work desperately for a moment no matter what."

"In this way, vagabonding is like a pilgrimage without a specific destination or goal— not a quest for answers so much as a celebration of the questions, an embrace of the ambiguous, and an openness to anything that comes your way."

u/classicrando · 2 pointsr/exmormon

> I'll never meet a guy that will love me back. There's no one that's remotely interested in me. I'm too awkward. Even if I did find a guy, he'd probably leave me anyway.

I lived in SF for a long time and I can tell you that people of all stripes and levels of awkwardness find love, I saw it all the time.

The people at Pixar say things get better:

As for your parents, people find comfort in having scapegoats and people who are followers tend to listen to leaders who are happy to supply scapegoats - in the past (US) it was the Irish, Italians, Chinese, Polish, etc nowadays for rednecks it is the immigrants, for flag wavers it is ISIS, for Mormons it is the gays. One way to think of these people is morally immature and easily lead astray by the authority figures they rely on to tune their moral compass. You have to be the bigger man. In this case, yes they are torturing you but it is because they think it is what they are supposed to do. Success is your best revenge.

As far as jobs or education here is a secret - being a middle manager or something is not necessarily more rewarding than being a barista. Honor and fulfillment come from how you conduct your life and how you treat others. Chop wood, carry water there is much to be said for humility and simplicity. You can learn more for free from the best schools in the world on iTunes University than you could at BYU.

"Do not let yourself be guided by the authority of the sacred texts, nor by simple logic, nor by appearance or opinion, nor even by the teachings of your master; when you know in yourself that something is bad, then give it up, and accept the good and follow it." -Buddha

You are stuck in a place where people live in a very small bubble and they all believe it is real, it is not and there are many amazing and fulfilling things out there that you should try out before you kill yourself. Here are just three books with alternative ideas about spirituality, philosophy and jobs - you can stop living live exclusively from the POV of the Mormon bubble without letting anyone else know that you are doing it - for now while you are still in prison, once you are out you can be your own man.

u/ychromosome · 2 pointsr/AdviceAnimals

Here's something I read in Rolf Pott's Vagabonding that's so obvious, but most of us don't think about: there are people living frugal, yet comfortable, lives almost everywhere in the world. When you visit the place, if you adopt some of the local practices of frugality, your trip suddenly becomes a lot cheaper than you would have imagined when you were thinking of yourself as just a typical a tourist.

The main cost of world travel is the airfare for getting to the place. Once you reach there, you can do as the locals do (who are usually poorer than the average American) and have yourself a frugal trip, without sacrificing the awesome experiences of world traveling.

The book also goes on to say that as a world traveler, you can travel cheap and save your money for an occasional splurge on something unique, than waste it on routine stuff like staying in expensive tourist hotels and eating in tourist restaurants all the time.

I highly recommend that book.

u/mice_nine · 2 pointsr/travel

Ok, I had a similar trip, here's a few tips and tricks:

  1. Take a normal sized backpack like a school backpack. No flags, try not to look too American. Use a small zipper lock. Have your passport and credit cards in a money belt under your clothes. Carry a front pocket wallet.

  2. ATMs will generally give you a better exchange rate. Traveler's cards are good too. Airport exchanges are usually worst

    3)Overnight trains are fine. A little loud, a little bumpy but cheaper than a hotel for a night and you're not missing out on day travel time. I say they're worth it but you miss some countryside so just play it by ear.

  3. Try not to plan day by day too much. You'll know when it's time to leave.

  4. Learn a couple key phrases. If you're honest and genuine people will take the time to communicate with you.

    Other than that, have fun good luck, I recommend Vagabonding by Ralph Potts. Lots of great advice.
u/icouldbesurfing · 2 pointsr/vagabond

Not sure if this has been posted, but I found this book to be one of tremendous inspiration for my travels.

u/macjoven · 2 pointsr/ADHD

>Wish I could work my ass off for 2 years straight on Vyvanse and earn enough money to "chill" for 6 months and unravel my mind or something.

You may enjoy this blog: Mister Money Mustache which talks about how to do exactly this thing. Also Timothy Ferris' book The Four Hour Work Week. Ooo also: Vagabonding by Ralph Potts is even more precisely what you are looking for.

In short there are a lot of ways to live and if you think of a "weird" way to do it, chances are someone else has too and written a book or blog about it.

u/Soss · 2 pointsr/AskReddit

Read Vagabonding

Great resource for the whole 'drop my current life to start a new one' mentality, even though it involves mainly travelling the world, not setting up shop somewhere.

u/Gingor · 2 pointsr/AskMen

Look for Vagabonding in Google, there's a fair amount of stuff on the subject.

This is a book on the topic I've only heard good things about.

The basics are: Get the very best backpack you can (try it on first), carefully think about what you really need in terms of clothing (consider the climate you want to be in), at least learn a bit of the language of where you want to be and then look for some hobo-tips on how to avoid most stab-wounds (also, try to look like a tourist instead of a hobo).

Dumpster-diving can also help greatly as it means less money is needed for food.

u/WhoresIsland · 2 pointsr/electronic_cigarette

Absolutely! Check it out if you haven't. I got mine for like 8 bucks on Amazon!

u/ibleedblu7 · 2 pointsr/AskReddit

My list:

u/Canlurker · 2 pointsr/travel

Get this book I wish I would have read this book before I went to Thailand.

u/Qichin · 2 pointsr/languagelearning

Not a website, but I will always recommend Heisig's Remembering the Kanji. There's a sample (Pdf) if you want to try before you buy.

u/PandaHatDude · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

If Kanji is an issue try the Remembering the Kanji by James Heisig and get the Anki deck to go with it.


u/Maarifrah · 2 pointsr/japanese

The best way to learn a language is to interact with it as much as you can in every way you can. Yes, you can and probably should spend some time seriously studying from a good resource like tae kim's complete japanese guide(the whole thing is free), but you won't want to do that all the time for all of your free time. Get some Japanese books, manga, tv shows(this is one way to watch the region-locked Japanese Netflix) video games, listen to Japanese music, listen to podcasts in japanese. (You will want to find things with both japanese speaking & japanese text - subtitles are not good for learning!).

Kanji is a difficult hurdle, and there are a few popular ways to tackle it (this is by no means a comprehensive list):

  • Heisig's Remember the Kanji book

  • Anki is a flashcard program with spaced repetition, and it is useful both by itself or with a RTK deck. There's also good vocab decks. Anki is completely free.
  • Wanikani is kind of like Heisig's RTK and Anki glued together and glossed over with a fresh shade of paint. I've never used it but it looks good.

    Well hopefully that helps. My personal take on learning kanji is to just learn it as you go from new vocab you acquire. Finding things like games or manga with furigana is very helpful as you can just search for that character in Jisho and all of a sudden you have its basic meaning, on/kun readings and most importantly, its stroke order.
u/chibicody · 2 pointsr/shogi

It's like asking how long it will take to reach 1-dan, it varies so much depending on time commitment, motivation, personal ability and method. I'd expect it would take at least a couple years, though there are examples of people becoming somewhat fluent in 6 months, so anything is possible.

As for the best approach, you'll find lots of opinions. I think people are generally bad at remembering what it was like when they started learning and knew nothing, so all those "here's how I'd do it if I started all over again" are not always the best advice but I'll try to give you my version of it anyway:

  • Start with a generic "learn Japanese" method, those won't take you very far but you have to start somewhere. Your first goals should be to get a feeling for how Japanese works, basic grammar, a few basic words and most importantly learn to read and write hiragana and katakana (the phonetic system used in Japanese writing). I recommend the Japanese in Mangaland series of books, but any other decent beginner method will do.

  • In parallel get the JapanesePod101 podcasts. Those really helped me a lot, as I would listen to them every day and build listening ability. They start from the very beginning too. Continue listening to them, especially during the next step for motivation.

  • Now this is going to be controversial but after doing introductory material for some time, if you're really committed to learning Japanese and be efficient at it, you have to bite the bullet and learn the Kanji (Chinese characters): all 2000+ of them that are in common use. Fortunately that isn't that hard if you use the Heisig method, you can use the Kanji Koohii website to manage the flashcards you'll use for memorization. It's a bit controversial because with this method you're learning the Kanji in isolation without learning how they are actually used in Japanese. It's still 100% worth it. This turbo-charged my Japanese learning like nothing else before. It took me 3 months to go through the book and learn all the characters. Once you're familiar with the characters, it's 10 times easier to learn vocabulary, even if your goal is to listen to shogi commentary, it's still the best way of doing that in my opinion (plus you'll be able to read shogi books eventually)

  • Once you're done with the kanji you need to start building vocabulary, using your new kanji knowledge, it will be much more efficient, as you learn vocabulary, you learn how to write them using kanji you already know and as a consequence learn how those kanji are pronounced and used. This is why this method works so well. For vocabulary I recommend using the Anki flashcard software, you can download pre-made decks of vocabulary. Look for Core 2k, 6k and 10k which are a set of most common words complete with example sentences and audio, there are alternative but I think those are the best lists. A few thousands words plus shogi specific vocabulary should be enough to get a decent understanding of shogi programs.

    Anyway this isn't everything, you need to continue with more grammar, practice, and so on while doing that, but this is the gist of what I wish I knew when I got started. I guess it can seem a bit overwhelming but just get started and go one step at a time...

    Also you'll need this: Dictionary :)
u/kaoskastle · 2 pointsr/japanese


For learning the Jouyou kanji, I used James Heisig's Remembering the Kanji volume 1 (and volume 3 for an extra ~1000 kanji). It requires a bit of re-thinking how one should go about learning these things:

Usually when learning kanji, people go in grade order, learning the English meaning of the kanji and memorizing all of the possible readings (for some kanji, you'll have two pronunciations -- for others, you can surpass 10 different pronunciations). I feel that this method is ridiculously inefficient, and Heisig agrees. With RtK1+3, you completely ignore the readings, learning only to write and recognize the kanji, as well as their English meanings. On top of that, you don't learn them in grade order, but rather in the order of the elements that make up those kanji (for example, these are taught to you in order: 口→日→刀→召→昭 ...and so on). Instead of being given a bunch of unrelated complex characters, you're given the building blocks, and then shown how to create the more complex kanji by being able to see them as just their individual parts (for example, 鬱, despite its 29-stroke-count, is super easy when you break it down).

As for actually remembering the kanji you learn, check out Reviewing the Kanji, a free web-based SRS specifically for use with Heisig's books.

A common argument against RtK is the fact that readings are totally disregarded; after all, you can't read Japanese if you can't read the kanji, right?? Of course. But the way we've usually gone about learning them isn't all that great. That's not to say it hasn't worked -- people have used it to success before -- but it's slow, inefficient, and prone to failure. Instead, once I'm able to write and recognize a good 2000+ kanji and can read ひらがな/カタカナ, I've got the ability to use everything I need to learn readings: a dictionary. When you're reading and you come across a word you don't know (say, 竜巻), simply look it up in the dictionary. The dictionary will have the reading right there for you (たつまき!).

Traditionally, people would look at 何 and memorize that it can be read なに, なん, て, が... and probably some more that I don't know. Then do this for every kanji they learn -- memorizing these lists of sounds. My thought is, though, even when you know all of the pronunciations for something... you still don't know which of those readings to use in a new word (the 何 in 如何体... the answer may surprise you!). So you're gonna have to look up the word; heck, you'll probably be looking it up anyway because you don't know the word! If that's the case, why not forget about memorizing these contextless sets of sounds and just look up words as they come? In that way, you naturally begin to pick up how kanji are read, in context.

Sorry for the novel of a comment, but I hope it makes sense. Getting through the kanji can seem like a huge, daunting task, and it takes longer than one might want, but if definitely doesn't take as long as one might fear! Find a pace that works for you -- I went through the first ~300 or so kanji of RtK1 at about 30 a day, but then bumped it down to 10 a day for the remainder of it and RtK3, and it was a glorious pace. Slow? Maybe. But I was making real, consistent progress, and it feels huge to reach the finish line. :) Hope this helps! Have fun!

u/Kitsune_Gakuin · 2 pointsr/LearnJapanese

It's listed as companion here. The Amazon page for the most up to date RTK even mentions "Updated to include the 196 new kanji approved by the Japanese government in 2010 as "general-use" kanji".

All of the 2010 additions are listed here, and you can see companion is 侶. 朋 doesn't even appear anywhere on this list.

u/firstgunman · 2 pointsr/anime

Please don't do it. Serious.

Anime characters have a very distinct speech pattern, and you do not want to speak a language like their cartoon character. Trying to learn Japanese from anime is flawed from first principle; you will get endless shit from native speakers if this is the route you choose to learn the language.

It's kinda like how some Japanese learn English by listening to Elvis Presly songs. Just don't.

It sounds like you're new to the process, so I suggest you pay /r/LearnJapanese a visit. They are a great community, and you'll learn about what you have to learn in order to master the language.

Other resources:

Heisig's Remembering the Kana. A fantastic way to learn the basic alphabet. You want to start reading Kana and stop reading romanization as soon as possible, and this can help you do it literally over a weekend.

Remembering the Kanji by the same author is the next obvious step. Much more tedious, but that's the thing with Kanji. You sit down, shut up, and learn it. This book makes it as painless as possible.

With that said, trying to memorize a lot of information is a solved problem in human psychology; this means there are softwares implementing proven techniques that will help you do it. I highly recommend Anki.

Finally, if you want a glimpse at the grammar, there's a fantastic guide over at Amaterasu translation.

Good luck, have fun!

(Full disclosure: I'm essentially a n00bie at the process myself. I tried to learn the language too, but it's on shelf right now due to other stuffs in my life. I do not know Japanese.)

u/vgambit · 2 pointsr/Gunpla

You're young. You'll have a much easier time learning Japanese if you start now.

u/slow70 · 2 pointsr/CozyPlaces

You know, I don't really track such things on reddit so much, but the Congress for New Urbanism (CNU) is sort of a hub for these things.

For years I didn't really have words or terms to go with my sentiment regarding our built environments, but reading first Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Death of the American Dream and then ["The Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of America's Man-Made Environment] ( were wonderfully informative and encompassing on the topic.

Check out James Howard Kunstler's TED talk, you'll probably laugh and feel sad in equal parts.

It's incredible how wide reaching the effects are of our built environment, and in the United States, it's mostly negative.

u/snumfalzumpa · 2 pointsr/JusticePorn

honestly if that intrigues you, you should really read Suburban Nation. it's a fantastic book.

u/bemed · 2 pointsr/fountainpens

I recommend having a look on this one.

Theory Book & Five Copybooks (Spencerian Penmanship)

u/seasmucker · 2 pointsr/AskReddit

I'm a big fan of barefoot running, but since it's hard to actually run barefoot, check out

Here's a NYtimes article about it:

But mostly I'd recommend googling for your information. Born to Run is a great book about the greatest ultramarathoners of them all, the Tarahumara.

Here's an interesting factoid: The more money you spend on your shoes (therefore more cushioning, fancier technology) the more likely you are to injure yourself.

You have to start out slow, since your arches are weak and your feet aren't used to it, but since I started doing it, I haven't had a single joint injury, or shin splints, or anything else. Muscles still get sore and after a while my feet hurt, but before, my joints were always giving me trouble and I'd get injured constantly and have to stop for weeks while I recovered. Just doesn't happen anymore.

u/arbuthnot-lane · 2 pointsr/Fitness

Doesn't look very Scandinavian to me. I suspect Grete Waitz might have skewed your impression of us Norsemen.

For a real people made for running, check out the Tarahumara, a native Mexican people. With widely dispersed settlements, these people developed a tradition of long-distance running up to 435 miles (700 km) in one session, over a period of two days through their homeland of rough canyon country, for intervillage communication and transportation. An awesome book about them came out a few years back

u/north_runner · 2 pointsr/funny

Persistance hunting and distance running is the subject of many anthropological papers and popular books, like Born to Run.

u/xorandor · 2 pointsr/self

Read this book:

Those stress fractures you're facing could be preventable.

u/tdrusk · 2 pointsr/movies

Born To Run A runner asks the question, "Why am I experiencing all this pain when I run?" He explores a Mexican tribe, the Tarahumara who run anywhere from 30 to 100+ miles a day. The story provides a large amount of background about running, inspires people to run(everyone in my household runs now), and has really intense race sections.

u/Stylin999 · 2 pointsr/Kanye

You clearly have poor grammar and English.

Your is a pronoun that means belonging to or associated with any person in general. If I were speaking about myself, I would have said “my people.”

I’ve [linked] ( you an English Grammar for Dummies book to help you with your ineptitude.

u/TheGoatGod997 · 2 pointsr/RoastMe

Sure, blame it on autocorrect.

Also, it's too ugly, not to ugly.

u/13-7 · 2 pointsr/WEPES

You need this:

And some anger management lessons as well.

u/BallFaceMcDickButt · 2 pointsr/pics

I hadn't realized that language just ceased to evolve when you last learned it.

Did you know that yolo is now a word in the dictionary?

Did you know that you can end sentences in prepositions? Eg. "Where you at?"

The "are" is understood by the way. Something you're having trouble grasping.

Did you know that the word "literally" also has an informal definition, used to create emphasis on a subject?

You can check out all this cool new info here!

u/Zoobles88 · 2 pointsr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

Book for $8.98

Movie for 7.99

AND! Scarf for $2.69

Equals $19.66 :)

You're absolutely stunning, are you aware? Benedict agrees

Snow, snow, go away (for serious)

u/hello-everything · 2 pointsr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon
  1. I do indeed!

  2. My mom takes great care of my family. She saw us all safely through living in Guatemala, Israel, Nigeria, and India (which is no small feat!) Now that we're back in the States she works part-time and still makes sure my 16-year-old sister and 7-year-old brother are doing well, and long-distance mothers me now that I'm at college. One of the little things I really appreciate about her: she puts a lot of emphasis on us sitting down as a family for dinner. It means a lot to me.

  3. I would love to own The Lover's Dictionary or The Fault In Our Stars. Your pick! :)

  4. Hey Bean! That's such a cute nickname and a fun way to remember your mom. My mom calls me Belle.
u/sliferz · 2 pointsr/books

The Fault in Our Stars by John Green.

u/jesstme · 2 pointsr/AskReddit

I need to read a lot of teen lit for my job, so the most recent good book I've read is The Fault in Our Stars by John Green.

While I can't recommend anything similar to your preferred writing style, there are several book association sites out there (that you've probably heard of but I'll include anyways, just in case) like Novelist, Shelfari, LibraryThing, Goodreads, and, of course, Amazon.

Finding a good book can be such a wonderful experience. Best of luck with your next set.

u/IT_HAD_TO_BE_DONE · 2 pointsr/AskReddit


Favourite so far is The Fault in our Stars by John Green.

u/RobotLegion · 2 pointsr/QuotesPorn

Indeed, it comes from a book "The Fault of Our Stars"

u/heyredridinghood · 2 pointsr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

Have you ever read any of John Green's work?

Looking for Alaska

Paper Town

The Fault in Our Stars

u/hipsterhater608 · 2 pointsr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

ED can suck a dick!

I'm sorry you've been struggling! Hugs for a strong and recovery. I can relate to what you're going through.

Something about my life/? I'm pregnant! I'm having a boy this winter. I'm so excited.

I REALLY want this book: The Fault in Our Stars, and if I win, a used copy would be totally acceptable, and actually preferred because I like books with a previous life in them. The last used book I got on Amazon had some peculiar notecards inside.

u/sylphofspace · 2 pointsr/reactiongifs

Just want to put this out there because I've studied young adult lit and I'll never grow too old to love it: YA is an incredibly fascinating genre. It's an absolute goldmine if you're looking for character development. Even the books with horrible photoshop-vomit covers often have merit if you give them a chance, and the fact that something appeals to teenage girls does not invalidate its quality.

If anyone is interested in reading good young adult fiction, I'd recommend the following:

u/b3antse · 2 pointsr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

Well, my automatic response is to say Good Omens.

Recently I read The Fault in Our Stars and despite the subject matter, I was surprised to find myself guffawing at many points. Craziness!

Both are winners, I think.

u/torchflame · 2 pointsr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

Oh, if you haven't read it, The Fault in our Stars will make you laugh, then rip your heart out and leave you begging for more. It's the love story of two cancer-afflicted intellectual teenagers, and it is so incredibly beautiful. The writing flows so easily, but the story and how it is told is so incredibly deep.
So, in summary, you will laugh, you will cry, and you will love every second of it.

u/CreationOfMika · 2 pointsr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

The Fault in Our Stars by John Green

I feel like I want to read this book for really personal reasons. I don't really want to get into it, but about a year and six months ago my ex-girlfriend died from leukemia and I just feel like I want to try to read it and see how I do. Thanks.

Edit: The more you read the more you know.

u/Sherbert42 · 2 pointsr/askphilosophy

As /u/FreeHumanity has pointed out below, it makes it easier for us to help you if we know what you're interested in.

However, these are a couple of books on my bookshelf that I find interesting and are mentioned on here quite often:

The Pig that Wants to be Eaten, by Julian Baggin. It's 100 ethics-related thought experiments, laid out in a very easy-to-read way. Amazon link here.

If you're interested in something a little more academic and a little more comprehensive, The History of Western Philosophy, by Bertrand Russell, is one of the best one-volume histories of philosophy around. You have to be a little bit careful with him, though--he tends to put his own ideas about the philosophers into his text :) Again, Amazon link here.

If you would like more specialised help, please do clarify what your interests are so that we can recommend books, youtube clips, or other things that are tailored to your interests :)

Hope that helps :)

u/ChristianGentlemann · 2 pointsr/askphilosophy

This is the perfect book for you.

Russell explains everything you would want to know as a beginner to philosophy, and he explains it assuming you know nothing about philosophy. He even explains how each thinker leads into the next. One of my favorite books period, and exactly what you are looking for. Enjoy the read.

u/nukeio · 2 pointsr/philosophy

It is hard to find books that really square this topic, and I'm not sure of your exposure so I'm going to suggest some fun fiction works to start you off.
The Diamond Age is a good book to express some of the computer science concepts.


Cryptonomicon is good to understand how some of Turing's ideas were understood.

For actual philosophy ideas I recommend just ordering some heavier works that are harder to get through like


German Idealism

History of Western Philosophy

And (while I hesitate to mention it because I worry about the backlash on /r/philosophy) I think that Philosophy: Who Needs It is important to read if only to argue with people that believe in Ayn Rand's teachings.

I'll leave it at that for now. Most of what I've learned about this have been by reading Wikipedia and random usenet and irc posts. Books that are succinct and good are hard to come by.

u/psykocrime · 2 pointsr/philosophy

I've been reading A History of Western Philosophy by Bertrand Russell. So far it strikes me as a pretty accessible work. I also like that he's big on historical context.

I also picked up a copy of Main Currents of Western Thought at a used bookstore, and it seems like a useful book for a relative newb as well.

u/lulzmao · 2 pointsr/philosophy

It starts with why you are interested in philosophy. Begin with your personal areas of interest (looks like you have a head-start there).

  • Route 1: I like Routledge and Cambridge stuff for general surveys, which is really where most folks should start before moving on to heavy-duty original text, imho.

  • Route 2: Chronological study is ok too, getting a history of philosophy book or series of them, learning what the canon is and then knocking out original texts from era to era, it's just not for everyone.

    Perhaps a mix of both...

    While true that there is no substitute for original texts, a little mediation to provide context and framework (which you can later disregard if you so choose) isn't so bad. In fact, that's what you're doing by coming to Reddit!
u/Aberu1337 · 2 pointsr/samharris

If you are coming from a perspective where you have not learned much about philosophy before, I would recommend this as well...

u/Brostash · 2 pointsr/golf

Read this book: Ben Hogan’s 5 Fundamentals of Golf

Then once you get the right clubs, start practicing with a purpose. Try to get to the driving range at least once a week even if you just hit a small bucket. Work on a specific part of your game with every range session (grip, posture, specific club, putting, chipping, etc). Don’t just go and hit balls randomly. Muscle memory is key.

Try to play at least 9 holes once a week too. I love the post-work 9 holes myself. Take it seriously, but not too seriously, and enjoy the process. Good luck!

Edit: I also agree with getting an instructor. You get what you pay for in a coach too. You don’t need to see them every week. Take a couple lessons and work on everything your coach tells you. When you feel comfortable with those improvements, see you coach again for your next focus.

u/mokesh0w · 2 pointsr/golf

At first glance it just looks like your swing is a bit rough. Almost robotic. This is very similar to how I was hitting a year or two ago. To get more consistent, I would work on having a more fluid motion with your swing.

I read a book called Ben Hogan's Five Lessons: The Modern Fundamentals of Golf - It is a very easy read which breaks down all pieces of the golf swing in detail with pictures. In this book he explains not only the what but the why. I highly recommend this book, since it has helped me become a decent and accurate ball striker almost over night. I am not saying I am a great golfer by any means, but I am much more consistent with my shots which has opened up a whole new world of golf for me. Now I am able to focus on my range with different clubs and situational shots and my scores have vastly improved.

Good luck.

u/bmsheppard87 · 2 pointsr/golf

Buy this and read it. Spend a few months practicing what this book tells you before trying to do a full strength swing. There’s a lot fundamentally that is wrong with your swing and you’d be better served starting from scratch instead of making small tweaks. This was the first thing that started vastly improving my swing, even after I had a lesson.

u/ilikebaseballbetter · 2 pointsr/golf

everyone is saying your swing is flat, but not really giving you advice with how to fix it: i'll try. first thing i noticed is you're standing too far away from the ball (this shows up more in the driver than the 8-iron). i had this problem last year, and my instructor said the arms should just hang down in a natural position. when you put a club in your hands, then you address the ball and you should be at a proper distance away from the ball (trust me it's tough getting used to standing that close, but worth it). i also had an issue with swaying my hips from back to front instead of rotating them around my spine. i believe this was caused by my standing too far away from the ball; along with too wide of a stance. from the front driver angle, it's kind of hard to see if you are doing the same, but it looks like you do on your down swing and through impact; i think can also bring your feet together a little (shoulder width apart). about rotating vs swaying was something my instructor said that really clicked (finally!) with me was a quote from (Ben Hogan's book)[]. he says "imagine you are hitting a shot inside a barrel." basically if you are in a barrel that is as wide as your hips and you have to swing, you will rotate your hips as you cannot sway back and forth. from there, work on your take away ... set down an alignment rod and take the club back on the shot line. this should help you improve your flatness if you incorporate what i've already mentioned. i hope this helps a little, and i hope you get to your goal to be scratch. cheers

u/cchillur · 2 pointsr/golf

Ben Hogans 5 Lessons - Solid foundations from one of the games legends. Great for beginners or those with funky swings, grips, stances, etc (which your <10 handicap dad likely doesn't need) but it's a classic golf instruction book with fundamentals in mind and the first golf book i read. Best part is it's full of really cool old illustrations to describe what he's talking about in each segment.

Next is Harvey Penicks Little Red Book - It's a good coffee table or bathroom book. Each "chapter" is a page or two usually. Harvey Penick was a legendary instructor and he famously had a small red book full of one-liner lessons that he finally published late in life. Another classic golf instruction book that keeps it super simple.

Then we have Golf is not a game of perfect by Dr. Bob Rotella It's written by a sports psychologist who specializes in "the mental game". Ideal for the weekend warrior that wants to have more fun while shooting better scores. I read this when i felt like i had all the skills but was getting in my own way mentally. Helped me work on consistency, course management, and managing expectations for those hot-head moments.

After that i read Dave Pelz' Short Game Bible Written by a now short-game guru and former actual nasa rocket scientist, this book is thicker than most bibles and is super (exhaustingly) detailed. Honestly it is solid science that would work for everyone if they had the time and discipline to practice and implement. But it burned me out before i could finish it. I'm just not at the level where i need to know all of the "how's" and "whys" to every shot ever imaginable inside 150 from every lie to every landing.

Next up is Zen Golf: mastering the mental game by Dr. Joe Parent Another sports psychologist who specializes in thinking smarter/better. A very interesting read. Lots of tips that helped and i plan to re-read very soon. It actually has many lessons that translate well to everyday life, not just golf.

Finally, Lowest Score Wins This last one is a more modern approach to the game. Very simple and straight forward. Very data driven. Kind of like a fundamentals book but more aggressive and concerned with one thing, lowering your score. There's some great chapters on "seeing the course differently" that really helped my course management and it's great for drills on every aspect of the game.

I think the last two are the best all-around.

u/AndreHawkDawson · 2 pointsr/golf

Do yourself a favor and learn to at least have a good initial grip and posture when learning how to play. Either get lessons or read the following:

Ben Hogan's Five Lesson's: The Modern Fundamentals of Golf

Good Luck!!

u/K_Jayhawker_U · 2 pointsr/golf

Maybe this is just kinda situational for me but a couple of the courses in my area do a range pass deal for a month/year. I paid $65 for unlimited range balls for a month. Putting and chipping greens are (typically) free at golf courses as well. I usually hit 75 balls and then do 30min to an hour on short game and that cost only the $65 a month that I paid for the range pass.

As far as actually playing, check if any of the courses in your area do twilight fees. That'll probably be somewhere around $15-$20 after 6pm and you just get as many holes in as you can.

Then for instruction, YouTube videos and I highly recommend Ben Hogan's book "Five Lessons" to learn the proper swing. Can't beat it for $7

u/sefawd · 2 pointsr/golf

You mean Ben Hogan's Five Lessons, right? Didn't want anyone to think you meant "go get five lessons" -- the book is a fantastic resource and was my first thought, too.

u/teej21012 · 2 pointsr/golf

Rick Shiels is a PGA coach that posts a lot of content on Youtube. He did a complete swing guide that is a very good starting point:

Check out Ben Hogan's book called The Five Lessons. It is pretty much the beginner's bible as it sets you up with the fundamentals:

Don't be afraid to ask your buddy LOADS of questions. If he did paid lessons at some point, you are getting all that information for free. Take advantage of it.

Don't worry about "new technology" in the newer clubs. A set of irons from 10 years ago will be just fine. Get a putter you like and feel comfortable with. Possibly don't even think about swinging a driver until you are able to consistently make good contact with irons/hybrids/woods.

u/ABillyGoat · 2 pointsr/golf

Ben Hogan's 5 Lessons-great for fundamentals
Tiger Woods: How I Play Golf -great for teaching you different shots
Harvey Penick's Little Red Book-great for learning fundamentals and interesting little stories

You should be able to find all 3 for >$50

u/golfer76 · 2 pointsr/golf

"don't have a driving range within 30 miles of my house"

I just threw up in my mouth. This is my nightmare.

Ben's got you covered.

Also easiest way to get good around the green... Google Jim Furyk Chipping

u/dragonfox · 2 pointsr/socialwork

I have a bad habit of reading multiple books at once, so I'm currently on Women Behind Bars: The Crisis of Women in the US Prison System, Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center, and one day I'll finish Rules for Radicals. Women Behind Bars is a really great, easy read that has a lot of good information in it. The other two are a bit slower, but still good and I recommend them all.

Other than these books, I read a lot about previously I've read Don't Shoot the Dog and On Talking Terms with Dogs: Calming Signals. If anyone is interested in positive reinforcement, Don't Shoot the Dog is really applicable to every situation - you can apply it to dogs, clients, spouses, children, any relationship really. I thought it was a good read as a social worker and dog...understander.... :)

u/HermesTheMessenger · 2 pointsr/atheism

> Perkins' solution? Christian businesses should donate the profits they make from being "forced to" serve gay clients to ministries that take part in the discredited practice of gay conversion therapy.

A tactic probably gathered from here:

u/HasStupidQuestions · 2 pointsr/uncensorednews

Just remembered about a good book on radical ideologies I read a few years ago. It's called Rules for Radicals. Hillary Clinton was highly influenced by Alinsky's work and she even wrote her thesis about him.

u/PandemicSoul · 2 pointsr/politics

Anyone who is interested in this type of strategy should read "Rules for Radicals" by Saul Alinsky. He was a union and civil rights organizer, and accomplished some amazing things between the '30s-'50s, and his ideas were part of the foundation of the Southern Freedom Movement of the 1960s.

What OP mentions is similar to Alinsky's public enemy tactic: pick the target, freeze it, personalize it, and polarize it. It's around p130 of the paperback I linked to. If you're a fast reader, you can have it done in a few hours, but I'd recommend taking your time and taking notes. It's kind of community organizing 101 for anyone who really wants to start creating massive change beyond sending letters to their congress representative.

Many folks involved in the SOPA battle have their hearts in the right place, but lack the foundation of knowledge that would help blow this fight into the streets and bring SOPA down in a few weeks. Many before us have not only done the impossible, but they've also written about it. The fastest way to make change is to follow in their footsteps and learn from what they had to say!

u/Numero34 · 2 pointsr/JordanPeterson

Alinskys Rules for Radicals

Could also read material produced by the Frankfurt school. That group has strongly influenced just about every single instance of identity politics.

u/sonnyclips · 2 pointsr/politics

It was Saul Alinsky, you should check out Rules for Radicals

u/Eurchus · 2 pointsr/badphilosophy

In the first half of the twentieth century a great deal of energy was expended trying to provide a foundation for mathematics by mathematicians and philosophers. These efforts precipitated the development of both logic (mathematical and philosophical) and also played an important role in us developing our understanding computation (i.e.the Church-Turing thesis) because many philosophers and mathematicians believed that a mathematical proof should be able to be verified computationally.

Some major figures:

  • Gottlob Frege
  • Bertrand Russel
  • David Hilbert
  • Alonzo Church
  • Kurt Godel
  • Henri Poincare
  • L. E. J. Brouwer

    Here is a section from the wonderful Princeton Companion to Mathematics that discusses this period but focuses more on the foundations of math than computation.

u/acetv · 2 pointsr/learnmath

For math history I enjoyed Journey Through Genius. Also, check out this thread linked in the r/math FAQ for some others.

As for books that survey the whole of higher mathematics at a layman's level... you might have a hard time finding one. That stuff isn't exactly easy to talk about without an assload of prior knowledge. The closest thing I can think of is The Princeton Companion to Mathematics, but that certainly isn't written for a general audience.

Here's another thread from a few weeks ago with some other book recommendations. Actually, Keith Devlin's Mathematics: The New Golden Age (see review in that thread) might be more what you're looking for.

u/Pyromane_Wapusk · 2 pointsr/learnmath

I recommend the following book for getting a good overview of modern mathematics: The Princeton Companion to Mathematics although it is a bit pricey (though less expensive than the average textbook). It is extremely well written, even if it doesn't necessarily hit all the details. It focuses more on an intuitive understanding of many modern mathematical concepts so that more formal and detailed treatments. The authors wrote the book to help math students get up to speed about various different fields of math as well as help working mathematicians better communicate across different disciplines.

Martin Gardeners books are good too. I specifically like The Colossal Book of Mathematics and The Colossal Book of Short Puzzles and Problems. His books tend to be very problem oriented rather than theory building, whereas the Princeton Companion is more expository. While Gardeners Colossal books are quite a bit shorter than the companion, I read them more slowly since I often stop to work on the problems he presents.

I think it helps to realize that there isn't any particular order to learning different kinds of math. High School and elementary schools set math up like there's a clear hierarchy to all the material, but that's not necessarily the case. For example, you don't need Calculus to do basic Graph Theory or elementary Set Theory.

There are lists of textbook recommendations on /r/math but these are the books I would recommend without knowing much about your current skills or interests.

u/shitsucka · 2 pointsr/learnmath

The Princeton Companion is an excellent source that introduces you to an absolute ton of topics in a readable way. It's not cheap, but IMHO it's the type of book everyone should have, whether you're a professor or an aspiring student.

u/totallynotshilling · 2 pointsr/math

Talk to professors in your university. Also, check this book out.

u/crystal__math · 2 pointsr/math

This is a far more advanced version of what you're looking for, as a survey of "real" research level math topics. You would need far more than just calculus to be able to understand it though. I would say some of the videos by Numberphile, 3blue1brown, etc. would maybe suit your interests?

u/moochiemonkey · 2 pointsr/vegan

> Should I go vegan?

Yes! Absolutely.

> Does going full vegan involve nutritional sacrifices?

Could be the same or better. It depends on what you eat. To answer specific questions a really good source is (look up protein, calcium, B12, iron, etc). If you are looking to be really healthy do some research on whole foods plant-based diets. Otherwise, eat what you eat now but vegan versions and you'll be fine.

> Should I just jump in 100% or ease my way into it.

If I could go back in time I would go vegan sooner. But it's harder to see from the other perspective. Just learn everything you possibly can and your motivation will grow. Check out documentaries, blogs, speeches, books, etc.

> Lastly exactly wtf do I eat lol

Whatever you want to eat, just leave out or substitute the meat and dairy.

For some examples I can show you what I've eaten the last few days (I live in the US and shop primarily at Kroger-brand stores):

  • Breakfasts: cereal with vanilla soy milk, bagels with jam/peanut butter/cream cheeze, pancakes with fresh fruit (sub out eggs)

  • Lunches: burritos at Chipotle (sofritas!)/Qdoba, Japanese pan noodles at Noodles and Co, teriyaki tofu stir fry at any Asian fusion place, Amy's brand frozen meals

  • Dinners: anything on Minimalist Baker, pizza with pesto base (no cheese or with vegan cheeze), normal American dishes with faux meats (Boca, Gardein), most ethnic foods are easily vegan, anything with tofu/seitan/tempeh

  • Snacks: chips, ice cream (So Delicious, Coconut Bliss, Ben&Jerry's), fries, hummus
u/asrava · 2 pointsr/Buddhism

I also recommend reading the following page: How I became a Vegetarian

The above page ends with

> I am most grateful to Peter Singer. The influential book is Animal Liberation: The Definitive Classic of the Animal Movement
. Here is Author Page on Amazon: Peter Singer.

I have heard high praises for Ethics Into Action: Henry Spira and the Animal Rights Movement
particularly in activist circles.

u/sparkly_nonsense · 2 pointsr/vegetarian

Yes! Here's the Amazon link.

It's an incredible book, and really the classic when it comes to animal welfare ethics. I originally went veg for environmental reasons, but Singer's arguments made me realize that the ethical treatment of non-human animals is an equally important justification.

u/o_kosmos · 2 pointsr/vegan

Can I ask what kind of background you have in philosophy? You're asking some fundamental questions about metaethics though I'm unclear where you stand on them and why. First you say that sentience is not a sufficient condition for moral consideration, appealing to a reductio ad absurdum about gnats and mosquitoes. You go on to downplay the range of experiences available to cows, saying:

>There doesn't seem to be much inherent value in a cow's existence, unlike the existence of a human or other more intelligent form of life.

Ok, how much inherent value is there to a cow? Are the capacities to enjoy the sunshine and prance out of happiness not enough to make you think she shouldn't get her throat slit for someone else's trivial pleasure? So that's my first question to you: do you value sentience or not, and why shouldn't sentience be a sufficient basis for giving an animal such basic considerations as "we shouldn't slit her throat unnecessarily"?

Secondly I would like to point out to you that someone can likewise apply your open question (but why is that enough to confer a being with moral worth?) to whatever you're putting forward, namely intelligence or certain higher-order thoughts or whatever. How are you going to convince another stubborn human, or an alien or a god, that humans have inherent value if they refuse to recognize anything which we possess as valuable? You might be unable to persuade them in the end. They might fail to accept what you're arguing even if you're ultimately correct.

So I can try to gesture towards some reasons for valuing sentience more highly than you do. I'm happy to refer you to some good academic resources as well. But I can't promise that you will be ultimately convinced despite your preconceptions.

-Valuing sentience is intuitive. We already do so in some contexts. If you come home to your child picking apart a leaf or blade of grass you would probably think that it's good to see him experimenting and acting on his curiosity. If instead your child was pulling the wings out of a butterfly, if you're like most people, you would scold him and teach him he ought not do that. If instead of a butterfly it were a bird, you would be deeply worried about your child's character (and it wouldn't matter if he took sanitary precautions like wearing gloves either, you would still freak). What's going on here is that we recognize that more mental activity is grounds for more consideration.

-Building on the previous point, I agree with you that we highly value humans' mental abilities. It means a lot to us to be able to reason, reflect on the meaning of life, create and appreciate art, etc. This is exactly why I think humans are more valuable than other animals, and why I would choose to save a human child over a calf any day. When it comes to a human being, what we consider morally relevant is that she can reason, reflect on the meaning of life, etc. but also that she can feel pleasure and pain, and happiness and sadness. Suppose that I'm in a position to prevent a man from harming a woman. Among the reasons I have to help her might be that she has a concept of bodily autonomy, or something, but certainly my primary motivation is to prevent her from being in pain because that is unpleasant and she does not desire it. But hold on, pigs and cows may lack the concept of bodily autonomy (maybe that's false but just roll with it) but they do have the capacity for pain and the desire to avoid it. How am I to maintain that pain, and the desire to avoid it, are mental states significantly shared by humans and cows, but it's only when they occur in the former that I should care? After all when a human is in pain I think it is worth alleviating for its own sake without recourse to her ability to reason. Humans and cows share capacities A and B (pleasure and pain), but only humans have capacity C (higher thought processes). Why are A and B morally insignificant for a cow, but A and B are significant when it comes to a human with C? After all, ABC are all mental capacities, and they are all treated as significant when it comes to humans.

-How would you feel if you were a non-human animal? If you traded places with a cow you would still be sentient, still feel pleasure and pain, still have desires, etc. If you found yourself in a slaughterhouse you would be scared and terrified with or without higher cognitive faculties.

-Valuing sentience would make you a better person. It's intrinsically rewarding to care about others, to be empathetic and experience joy and suffering through others. So you should stop harming and killing sentient creatures so that you can cultivate your own virtue. It feels better to care about the lives of others no matter how intellectually superior you are.

This is getting long so I'm going to cut it off here rather than go line-by-line through your thoughtful comment. I have minor points of disagreement here and there but I think it's more important to tackle the big questions. If you're interested in reading into this further:

u/davidvanbeveren · 2 pointsr/VeganActivism

Ah yep, I know someone who turned Vegan from Chaltavism, she was walking through a park here in Amsterdam and saw someone had "dog or pig, what's the difference?" along with a picture of them both cuddling. I wish she had snapped a picture, but she said that's what got her doing searches online, which inevitably made her Vegan.

I haven't read any literature on faunalytics but I still have to finish Animal Liberation by Peter Singer.

u/vegandood · 2 pointsr/ladybonersgw

PMs are always welcome, and I highly recommend that everyone read Peter Singer's classic, Animal Liberation.

u/brianj5000 · 2 pointsr/Paleo

A lot of people don't have a a problem with eating meat specifically, but with the treatment of the animals. I would highly recommend Peter Singer's Animal Liberation to anyone interested in the subject.

Factory farming conditions are something you wouldn't wish on your worst enemy, let alone an innocent animal. I think of it in the way that I'm not opposed to wearing clothes, but not ones made in sweatshops.

u/mightcommentsometime · 2 pointsr/math

My favorite relaxing math book was Chaos, Making a New Science by James Gleick

And The Information by James Gleick Was pretty good too.

u/autoditactics · 2 pointsr/suggestmeabook

Here are some great books that I believe you may find helpful :)

u/chawkzero · 2 pointsr/books

This one?

Awesome book!

u/redweasel · 2 pointsr/explainlikeimfive

I attribute that narrowness of focus mainly to a general failure-of-imagination on the part of most people talking and thinking about the subject. I congratulate you on taking a step out of the box by at least noticing this implicit -- and entirely arbitrary, and probably far too limiting -- constraint.

Ian Stewart and Jack Cohen collaborated on a novel called Wheelers in which they invent some -- I think, plausible -- lifeforms totally unlike "life as we know it." A couple of others occur in Stephen Baxter's "Manifold" novels (see the "Frequently Bought Together" section a little ways down the page).

Stewart and Cohen also explore life-not-as-we-know-it in a more serious book, What Does A Martian Look Like?. I haven't actually read that one yet but it's on my ASAP list.

Personally, I believe that life in some form can, and probably will, arise anyplace it possibly can; the main requirement seems (to me, without yet reading the aforementioned book) to be a short list of simple rules for information transfer, balanced just right between order and disorder. To paraphrase someone who may or may not be James Gleick, "All the interesting stuff happens in the chaotic region between order and disorder." I wouldn't even dismiss the possibility of living patterns of pure information in a non-physical computing substrate.

u/nexusofcrap · 2 pointsr/askscience

Check out some Chaos Theory by James Gleick and the wikipedia article on it. Can't link to both without losing my comment...

Edit: Here

u/RealityApologist · 2 pointsr/askphilosophy

I'm very glad this was helpful. These concepts are very widely misunderstood, but an intuitive conceptual understanding of them isn't terribly hard to grasp. Few people that are in a position to articulate such a basic account take the time to give one, though.

>I'm feeling like there is some implicit connection to epistemology and induction here. Can I trust my gut?

That seems right to me, but it's an extremely general observation. There's some connection to epistemology and induction in pretty much any area of science. I'm not sure if there's a unique one here. What exactly do you have in mind?

>As for the rest of your comment, what else can I say other than you're a great teacher and made it all extremely easy to understand? I really appreciated all of the concrete examples, e.g., the molecule box and especially the solar system example, because it helped provide some perspective on something I was already familiar with in another sense, while allowing me to approach it through a new paradigm. This is all very interesting, to be quite honest. Who knew I'd be going to bed knowing what the differences between chaos, order, and organization were, or how to properly imagine/conceive of them? Not me. But you did it with a few posts.

Thanks a lot--it's really nice to hear that. I really enjoy teaching, which is part of why I dedicate so much of my (rather limited) free time to posting here. It's great to hear that people are getting something out of it. Chaos is one of those ideas that everyone has heard of (and most think is interesting), but few people actually understand in any semi-rigorous way. If you're interested in learning more about this kind of stuff, there's an excellent talk by Yaneer Bar-Yam of the New England Complex Systems Institute discussing chaos and prediction in science. Gleik's book Chaos: The Making of a New Science is also a great popular account. On the topic of complexity more generally, Melanie Mitchell's book Complexity: A Guided Tour is very, very accessible while still being quite rigorous and accurate.

>Anyway, I read the book a few years ago, but I remember him writing about how we were trying to figure out the shape of the universe and how our choices of universe shape were underdetermined by our observations, perhaps for similar reasons to what you've written here:

Yeah, there are definitely some connections with underdetermination here. One of the big areas in which chaos matters (and the reason that I really care about it) is in the computational modeling of certain physical systems, including the weather and the climate. The connections between computational forecasting and chaotic dynamics are really interesting, and have lots of practical implications.

>I think your clarification of the appropriate dimension at the top has helped me to better understand why the question I asked wasn't particularly good (with regards to linearity(? if that's a word)), and why an organized system is pattern rich.

'Linearity' is definitely a word. The basic intuitive definition is just that in a linear system, the output is directly proportional to the input, so a very small change will have a similarly small impact. More formally, linearity implies that if two solutions to some equation are both within the allowable space of solutions, then the addition of those solutions is within the allowable space as well. The multiplication of real numbers, for instance, is linear: if x y is a real number and w z is a real number, then (x y) + (w z) has to be a real number too.

Interestingly, it's linearity that gives rise to many of the strange behaviors in quantum mechanics. Because the math of QM is linear, the fact that some particle can be in the state |x> or in the state |y> implies that it can be in the state |x> + |y> as well: a superposition of two states is just the linear combination of the states.

u/fridofrido · 2 pointsr/math

Topology, which is about the shapes of things made from rubber, can be rather fun. Think donuts, Mobius bands, Klein bottles and knots (warning: there is also a subject called "general topology" or "point-set topology", which is rather boring, if technically necessary)

For example, a simple child's experiment: if you cut a Mobius band into two at the middle line, you get a single band, not two ones. Then if you cut that into two, you get two bands, but they will be interleaved!

This stuff be can be approached both from a rigorous point of view but also intuitively, the latter being much more fun. Unfortunately I don't know any popular-level book at the moment :( Possibly chapter 0 from Hatcher's book can help a bit - it's available free here:

Projective geometry is a subject which is accessible at your level, and is really fun! For example, it turns out that the different conic sections (ellipse, parabola, hiperbola) are in fact the same thing secretly!

Complex analysis is also really fun, but probably a bit too advanced for you at the moment.

Finite group theory can be pretty fun, depending on your tastes (do you like algebra?), and it goes from pretty easily accessible to stuff that only a handful people understand, so you can always find problems which match your level!

hope this helps, and feel free to ask!

edit: oh, and there is a fantastic popular-level book about chaos theory. I think it was this one (I read it when I was younger)

u/Chaoticmass · 2 pointsr/DrosteEffect

I read in the book Chaos: Making a New Science that he was called in to help try to figure out how to remove interference from a transmission, and found out that it was like the Cantor set (another kind of fractal). You might have been thinking about that.

Think of it like, you hear some scratch in your radio transmission, and you 'zoom in' on the scratch. You'll find that it's not one continuous bit of static, there's gaps in it. So you zoom in one one of the smaller bits, only to find that it also has gaps... etc.

u/centralserb · 2 pointsr/science

This is my favorite documentary evar. I recommend it to all of my scientifically / mathematically inclined friends and co-workers. I even showed it to my parents.

If you find the topic interesting, check out James Gleick's book Chaos: Making a New Science.

It tells the story of the independent research projects that added to resurgent fields like Dynamical Systems, Self Organization, Fractals etc. --aka Chaos Theory.

Enjoy the film!

u/icecreambones · 2 pointsr/math

This is a neat book.

u/powerplay2009 · 2 pointsr/Documentaries

I am perhaps a bit late to this, but if you want some more stuff on chaos, and not just fractals, I've got a couple book suggestions.

The first is a narrative about the beginnings of Chaos. The writing is superb, and you don't need any sort of mathematical chops to understand it. It's primarily about the early scientists of chaos and their stories. It's called Chaos: Making a New Science by James Gleick.

The second is more of a textbook on the subject, with some chapters on chaos, as well as other fascinating non-linear phenomena. It requires a fair bit of mathematical background, but if you're up for it, it's a lot of fun to learn. It's called Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos by Steven Strogatz.

u/mushed05 · 2 pointsr/askscience

Just have to say that reading Chaos: Making a New Science by James Gleick a bit later on in your learning will change your perspective on everything. Such a good, fun read too.

u/anachronic · 2 pointsr/explainlikeimfive

Perhaps this book is above a 5 year old reading level, but "Chaos" is a phenomenal book written in layman's terms about chaos theory, fractals, etc...

I read it a few years back and it explained everything very clearly and was very easy to follow.

u/frozenbobo · 2 pointsr/Python

For anyone interested in this topic, I can recommend two sources for newcomers.

Conversational, largely non-technical: Chaos: Making a New Science by James Gleick

Technical (requires knowledge of ordinary differential equations, but highly readable): Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos by Steven H. Strogatz

u/londubhawc · 2 pointsr/IAmA

Further, you should look into the statistics related to violent crime rates and gun ownership. While the UK compares favorably to the US in violent crime (the Troubles notwithstanding), you guys apparently compared even more favorably before the government started cracking down on firearms ownership. I'm also told that over here in the Republic, the Guardaí only really started wearing body armor in response to the increase in knife crime that allegedly spiked when the government over here made it irksome to get firearms.

But really, the most compelling arguments have come in the past few years. Even though the economy is shit here, too (unemployment is somewhere around 17% when you include people who aren't even bothering to look for jobs anymore), crime has been going down. This appears to be correlated with the increased firearm ownership resultant from people being terrified that Mr Obama would try to limit gun rights. Even more compelling is that Washington DC's murder rate dropped by something like 25% in a single year following the handgun ban being struck down.

I could go on, but really, I'll simply recommend you read John Lott's More Guns, Less Crime. Buy a copy, read it, share it with open minded folks. In my opinion, the more people who know the facts on the subject, the better off we are.

u/Wellthatendedpoorly · 2 pointsr/Libertarian

That depends on the answer you are looking for. Do you want a philisophical discussion? The simple answer is that the second amendment is essentially just the right to defense. I am happy to dissect the language of the second amendment with you, upon your request.

If you want an answer on practicality, people have written volumes on it. Here is a good start:

Is there a specific topic you would like to discuss regarding gun crime or rights? Im even willing to talk about guns themselves (just not here. This being a political sub).

u/ElSherberto · 2 pointsr/BarefootRunning

I think something like this is alluded to in the book Born To Run where the author discusses a tribe with a culture of barefoot minimalist footwear (edit: as JCii pointed out, they use sandals) running who have lower rates of many diseases.

I haven't read the book, only heard what's been said on a Daily Show interview with the author. However, it should be noted that any time you hear something can "boost your immune system", it is always BS, unless it also causes Lupus or other diseases caused by a boosted immune system.

u/hasweL · 2 pointsr/running

"...running is rooted in our collective imagination... Running was the superpower that made us human — which means its a superpower all humans posses.”

-Chrostpher McDougall

Edit: To the OP, I think you would really like his book Born to Run

u/takethislonging · 1 pointr/Music

I don't feel superior. Arguing with you about this only brings me pain because I know it's only an exercise in futility; you have made your mind up already that vegetarians are smug idiots and nothing I can possibly say seems to be able to change that.

About your comment otherwise:

>Humans have eaten meat since they invented humans.

I don't understand what this means.

>It's a natural thing.

So the way the meat industry is run is a natural thing, with feed lots and genetically modfied livestock? And even if it was, how does it being "natural" justify anything? Don't we consider ourselves to be something more than just animals?

>You do realize that plants are also living things, right?

The difference is that plants, or at least most of them, are not complicated enough to feel pain, unlike many animals like pigs and cattle. Therefore it is different to eat plants than animals.

I have to go to bed now, it's very late. I wish you the best, if you are interested in knowing more about all this, I suggest you read this book:

u/bunker_man · 1 pointr/askphilosophy

Defenses of vegtarianism are a different thing than defenses of morality in general. I think this book is considered the main classic, but I haven't read it, so I don't know what's in it. Your thread was kind of about two things, so if you want vegetarian information you might need to make a thread about just that.

u/xvegfamx · 1 pointr/vegan

You should really check out the stuff by Ashland Creek Press Lots of great fiction (and non-fiction) with an animal/eco perspective, I highly recommend the Tourist Trail. If you are looking for non-fiction I recommend Animal Liberation or Diet For A New America both older but highly influential books. Another great one that influenced my activism was Free The Aniamls

u/decreasingworldsuck · 1 pointr/EffectiveAltruism

Yep, makes sense. (Although if JS Mill isn't your kind of thing, I know Animal Liberation has compelled a lot of people on the animals front, and borrows a lot of ethical framing from social movements generally as opposed to just utilitarianism stuff)

In that case, as someone else has mentioned, I would go with SCI - its the highest ranked deworming org that GiveWell has, and after AMF will likely have the biggest funding gaps after expected contributions from other big donors.

u/FreeThinkingMan · 1 pointr/PublicFreakout

You simply need to stop lying to yourself and understand how and to what degree this behavior is unjust. Once you do this, you will see fit to how you plan on modifying your diet to the degree you can live with yourself with.

u/cyclops1771 · 1 pointr/news

The science is not proven. the data is not 100% incontrovertible. In fact, a study in NW USA released last month states that temperature increases most likely are NOT caused by human actions. Peer reviewed and everything. Source:

That 0.05% IS important because Chaos Theory. Those little "margin of errors" can't be swept under the rug in science. They are actual results. You can't ignore them because they are small or because they don't fit in with your current paradigm. Read Kuhn, Structures of Scientific Revolutions and Gleick, Chaos Theory: Making a new science

Those little irregularities matter. Chaos Theory says they are ALL that matters. I can't convince you, it took a number of books to convince me. You'll have to read for yourself. But, if you want to do ad hominems and troll, sorry for interfering. If you want to understand my position, read those two books and then you might have a different understanding or opinion on what science means.

Based on my opinion, science is not a consensus, it is a process for determining truth. The process can't be voted on. It is, or it is not, and your expectations of the results can and will sway your final analysis of your hypothesis.

TL;DR Science hypotheses are not voted on as "most popular". The results that don't fit may actually contain more truth than the results that concur.

u/unprintableCharacter · 1 pointr/compsci
u/fyodor_mikhailovich · 1 pointr/todayilearned

I said I copied and pasted that from somewhere.

The books I used when we were taught about Chaos theory were from an Astronomy/Physic course non engineers could take and still get a Lab. For my project with Chaos, I mentioned earlier the main book I used was James Gleick, Chaos Making a New Science.

The rest of your arguments... I could care less about. I'm not trying to be "deep". I am just discussing the basis for the text of the dialogue and the movie. I am always open to people educating me, but arguing bull shit is just bull shit.

u/dzizy · 1 pointr/occult

Not occult in the 'requires the proper colored robe' sense, more in the 'nobody fucking knows this shit' sense.

I don't know a single thing about you, who you are, what you are looking for, why you are interested, or why you care.

This just happens to be a great excuse to let people know about a couple books I care about.

A book is 'occult' by virtue of it containing information about which most people haven't a clue.

"Occult" anything need no special handshake.

u/CosSecTanSin3_14159 · 1 pointr/AskPhysics

There's other good answers already, but I feel the fundamental understanding is to be found in the math. These are classic nonlinear dynamics problems, take a look at the equations of interest here, Navier-Stokes,

When we solve such equations with computers, they cannot be solved in any kind of useful timeframe because they are NP-hard. The same goes for satellite tracking, weather modelling, and really modelling any chaotic behavior in a computer. So instead we estimate the answer. I worked with satellites and we used all this old fortran code for nonlinear dynamics estimations, you have to continually measure and update your model to stay within error bounds, or you will lose the satellite. And yes, satellites have been lost. If you don't know where to point your dish then you can no longer communicate with your satellite.

If you are interested in chaos, I highly recommend this book:

u/Nemnel · 1 pointr/PublicFreakout

The best books on the history of science are mostly topic specific. Like Chaos: Making a New Science.

For philosophy of science, Thomas Kuhn is excellent. He's problematic in some ways, but he's very provocative. He actually goes into some detail about the staying power of Newtonian Gravity and the logical hoops that people would go through before GR. Also Karl Popper is great.

u/SuperAngryGuy · 1 pointr/askscience

This book had the same profound effect on me and really helped me understand why people behave the way they do.

edit: Chaos: Making a New Science is also a good read.

u/laststing · 1 pointr/math

in this vein, i think that gleik's chaos is written rather accessibly

u/newpong · 1 pointr/ifyoulikeblank

For fiction, check out some stuff by Neal stephenson like Cryptonomicon or Anathem

For non-fiction, maybe Hyperspace by Michio Kaku or Chaos by James Gleick.

u/mrdevlar · 1 pointr/tf2

I'd say at the heart of our difference is two things:

(1) My experiential reality is far from deterministic. If it were, I would make my train on time every time, I would be able to control everything around me because my will would match the outcome of events I observe. It clearly does not, nor is there any likelihood that in my lifetime I will develop the mastery over myself and the universe to facilitate it. In this magical world, the weak sometimes triumph over the strong because they happened to be in the right place at the right time, where circumstance facilitates their victory.

Beyond crits, that situation happens in this game all the time. Crits are just an easy way to add additional randomness. Yet, even on a nocrit server, a bunch of weak players with a few lucky events can beat the crap out of a team of monsters. If anything, that should teach the stronger team to adapt to circumstance, that includes the possibility that you may lose a few of your key players to chance.

You cannot escape chance in a game that involves the largely arbitrary positioning of interacting objects, meterology found this out the hard way. Even if you think that everything is governed by deterministic laws.

(2) More importantly, I do not believe that the extent of human anger (or suffering in general) is entirely the result of biological processes. I agree that, when you fail to achieve what you desire in the game you will trigger a stress response. Yet, stress is not anger, it is considerably more nuanced than that. I believe that it is entirely your choice as to whether that stress eventually triggers anger. What is required to push you away from anger is not a change in the circumstances that you encounter in the game, rather mindful awareness of your own responses to what occurs. I'd further argue that such an awareness makes you a better player, as angry people make a lot of stupid mistakes and anger rarely comes at a time when you will it (see (1) ).

PS. I am really enjoying this discussion.

u/MildlySuspicious · 1 pointr/Judaism

Yes, your absolutely right! It could be a lot of things... if only someone did an extensive study in the matter.

u/HunterIV4 · 1 pointr/politicsdebate

> So go out the back door.

That's not an option in all homes. It's not in mine. I'd be in just as much danger in my backyard as I am in my house.

Why should I lose my right to defend myself because you can come up with ridiculous solutions to an attacker with a gun that risks my life and the life of my family? Why do you have that right?

>Where did you pull this out of?


>No one said you can't defend your home.

You literally just told me to try and run away, as if that's a home defense strategy. Sorry, I'm not risking my wife and daughter because apparently you think you can outrun bullets.

>By the way, I've been a home owner for over 40 years and never even thought of owning a gun.

Lucky you. You must live in a safe area. Not everyone has that luxury.

>Do you mean to tell me that I have been putting the safety of myself and my family at risk because I do no have a firearm?

Possibly, depending on where you live. Defensive gun use can save lives, and (by most estimates) saves more lives than are lost by guns (if you include suicides and give low estimates for DGU the values are similar, in all other scenarios DGU is more common than gun deaths).

If you are untrained or careless and living in a low-crime area guns probably aren't important for your safety and can be a detriment. For me, living in a higher crime area, isolated from rapid police response, and with many years of training in gun use my guns are rather important for my safety.

Your personal scenario does not mean my rights get overridden because you don't feel you need a gun. Nobody is forcing you to buy one.

u/phunkysox · 1 pointr/JusticeServed

In fact, gun-related crime increased for years after the 1996 “ban," and the only way disputants can claim that violent crime decreased is by widening the window of time beyond 10 years.

As John Lott has correctly noted, violent crime increased immediately after the “ban,” and homicides and armed robberies continued the upward trend until 2000, never dropping below 1996 levels until after 2010 (in the case of armed robberies, they still hadn’t gone below 1996 levels by 2010).

As Miguel Faria, MD. Noted, after the Aussie “ban” was insituted:

That same year in the state of Victoria, there was a 300 percent increase in homicides committed with firearms. The following year, robberies increased almost 60 percent in South Australia. By 1999, assaults had increased in New South Wales by almost 20 percent. Two years following the gun ban/confiscation, armed robberies rose by 73 percent, unarmed robberies by 28 percent, kidnappings by 38 percent, assaults by 17 percent and manslaughter by 29 percent, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

John Lott also notes that gun ownership eventually returned to per-capita levels that mirrored the rates prior to the “ban.” So, first, the claim that the “ban” saw a resultant decrease in violent crime, including homicides, is false. Second, violent crime rates only began to decrease years later, as guns returned to Australian hands against the wishes of the politicians writing the laws.

All this while, the “ban” created what one might expect: a huge and dangerous black market for firearms in Oz. It seems many Aussies who wanted to use guns still found them, and peacefully-minded people were forced to go to the black market.

Meanwhile, during the same early-year period of the Aussie “ban,” the U.S. saw a staggering increase in gun ownership, and violent crime, including gun-related homicides and other acts, decreased dramatically.

And guess what? Even after Bill Clinton’s presidency inspired worried gun owners to keep and bear more arms, the per-capita ownership of firearms continued to increase upon his departure, and violent crime continued to decrease.

Here is the link to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting stats from 2007 to 2011 to prove it. Between 2007 and 2011, the number of violent crimes committed with a gun decreased by over 220,000.

As Larry Bell wrote for Forbes on a Pew studyof gun homicide rates between 1993 and 2013:

Their accounting shows a 49 percent decline in the homicide rate, and a 75 percent decline of non-fatal violent crime victimization.

Meanwhile, in the U.K., violent crime and gun crime increased after their draconian gun “bans” of 1997. Over the next two years, as Dr. Faria and I noted in my book, “Live Free or Die”:

While robberies rose 81% in England and Wales , they fell 21% in the US. Likewise, assaults increased 53% in England and Wales, but declined 27% in the US.

Even the old image of the unarmed British Bobby was lost after the “gun ban,” as the U.K. government created armed “19” units to combat violence.

The “hot burglary” rate per-capita in the U.K. is also much higher (50%) than in the US (13%). That means that thieves don’t case a home as often in the U.K., and they do case them in the U.S. Why? As John Lott notes in his monumental book, “More Guns, Less Crime,” interviews with actual criminals tell us that they case homes to avoid confrontations with potentially armed residents.

So what is the takeaway?

How about this: criminals change their behavior when they suspect a potential victim or group of potential victims might be armed. They hunt for easier prey

u/Irie267 · 1 pointr/guns

This is also the title of a book by economist John R. Lott that puts to bed to myth of more guns more crime. It can be found below and is a great read for pro-gun rights individuals:

u/rogue780 · 1 pointr/baltimore

>Which jurisdictions and is it controlled against the gradual reduction of crime after the height of the drug war?

Not a direct answer, but a lot of the research, with admittedly controversial conclusions can be found here (note: site and book are related)

>I'm not sure what "violent crime increased" is factored, but intentional homicide rates have fallen to historic lows after the Australian gun crime. Switzerland has a different level of economic development than America.

To quote CybRdemon in this thread

>No Australias murder rate was dropping before the gun ban, it actually went up after the ban peaking in 2000 and is now back to the normal downward trend, just like the US murder rate has been dropping.

>The rate of armed robbery with guns in Australia did not change from 2001 to 2007, and the over all theft and robbery rate went up. Rape also went up and so did home invasion. The overall crime rate in Australia is higher than the US. In another thread[1] a user PhoenicianPirate had some good resources to show that Australia is not the paradise people think it is.


>When you include suicides, guns in a home are most likely to be used on yourself , a family member or a guest. Homes with guns are more dangerous than homes without guns, period.

Japan, which has a ban on guns has one of the highest suicide rates in the world. I believe it is the fourth highest, but did not look it up tonight.

>Criminals generally aren't going to take unnecessary risk.

Right now criminals who prey on your average person in Baltimore know that the person they are about to attack are unarmed. If they were more likely than not to face someone who is armed that would act as a deterrent and, in my opinion, reduce random violence.

>Too much of the gun culture in America is based on TV shows, movies and advertisements to sell guns. Too little of it is based on what happens to the average person in the average situation.

Like I mentioned before. When I'm out of state and it's permissible for me, I carry a firearm. I was also in the military for six years. Never have I fired a weapon at a person or a living animal. I carry, though, not because I think I'm going to get attacked or need to use it but mostly for the same reason I wear a helmet or a seatbelt. Not because I plan on using it, or even expect to, but just in case.

Also, most gun owners and CCW holders don't subscribe to the TV idea of gun ownership. Those people who are all cowboyed up about guns are generally airsoft owners or people who play COD all day.

>Anyway, major detour. Enjoy all the coming violence in Baltimore because of how fucked the city is economically and from the war on drugs. Not the first rash of violence and not the last of this year, sadly enough.

Honestly, as soon as we can, we're getting out of Baltimore and moving to a more peaceful and less restrictive state like Kentucky, Oregon or Washington State.

u/StabbyDMcStabberson · 1 pointr/Libertarian
u/Landotavius · 1 pointr/SeattleWA

>Then they say that more guns would make us safe.

Seems like it might be true

>I can own. I choose not to because I see no reason to.

I can own. I do own. I see no reason not to. I see no reason why your choice isn't also the right thing for you and I approve of your choice to do so as you see fit. How about some reciprocity?

>You are currently more restricted with how you handle your dog, than you are in how you store your firearm when you aren't home.

Frankly, not sure this is true. Even assuming it is, that just makes the case that the govt is out of control with pet owners too.

>That could be said of a dozen things

And it still wouldn't be true.

>"It's dangerous. You need training." Then you say, "But you can leave them anywhere you wish."

It's a suggestion, not a command. And it's a free country. You shouldn't be irresponsible with how much you drink or eat, but you can, doesn't mean it's a good idea.

u/GetZePopcorn · 1 pointr/PoliticalDiscussion
u/ericnallen · 1 pointr/explainlikeimfive

How much are you willing to read:

  • Gary Kleck - Point Blank
  • [John R. Lott Jr - More Guns, Less Crime] (

    Both of these authors have attempted to do research into the question you ask. They both go into great detail (Kleck more than Lott) on what they did and what they found. Both interesting reads.

    One thing to keep in mind when asking "How many lives are saved by carrying a gun" is that many people will not report it to the police if they do. The hassle alone isn't worth it, and if you're in an area where the cops & DA have a hard on against gun owners reporting your defense will earn you a felony charge.

    That being said I've seen low numbers of 10-20K, with high being as many as 300K. I don't think we'll ever see good number on defensive gun usage; but I encourage anyone to read at least the above books and see what attempts have been made.
u/youarelovedSOmuch · 1 pointr/btc

You're wrong on this one (good lord I can't believe I'm with Luke Jr lol):

Guns are a tool. They can be used to deescalate a situation or to escalate one. It's not banning bad guys from owning guns that reduces crime, it's arming law-abiding, decent people (which 99% are). This has been proven statistically hundreds of times. You don't, and will never, stop criminals. And you especially won't do it by taking away the liberty of law-abiding citizens. Instead, give each of them the ability to defend themselves. Guns are often times a deterrent, in and of themselves. If a criminal knows or believes someone may be armed, they are more hesitant to rob/assault/rape etc. them. Criminals always want the easiest, most helpless victims.

book link

Basically, the above book was written by a Stanford University/ University of Chicago economics professor who was asked by a student one day what he thought about gun control. He had never really thought about it much, and had little opinion of it himself, so he started reading some studies on it. Being an expert in producing university studies, he began seeing that almost all of the studies on gun control that were done properly showed guns did not increase crime, and the ones that showed guns did, were done extremely poorly, and were often funded by anti-gun groups.

If you don't want to buy a book, spend a few minutes and check these out:

video 1

video 2

The issue of guns is actually very interesting, and much deeper than I once realized.

u/carlivar · 1 pointr/politics

or you could read this book.

The author isn't a right-wing gun nut. He is an academic with a PhD in economics.

u/tony_bennett · 1 pointr/videos

you should check out this book - Born to Run

u/dianeruth · 1 pointr/minimalism

I used it for college calc and linear algebra, but if you are looking for past that then no, they probably don't have much.

One book I'm unwilling to part with is the princeton companion to mathematics. It's an incredible book with an entry by well known mathematicians in their field, writing on every major field of math, in a way that is accessible to people with a college level math background. It would be a really good starting point to find some sub-topics you were interested in.

Something to find from the public library maybe?

u/drgonzo007 · 1 pointr/math

Maybe you are thinking of The Princeton Companion to Mathematics?. I believe he wrote and reviewed a number of sections to it.

u/Overunderrated · 1 pointr/AskScienceDiscussion

The Princeton Companion to Mathematics contains exactly what you're asking for, but restricted to the world of math. It has hundreds of short articles on many of the most important pure and applied math topics, and they're written by top experts in a way that's accessible to someone with a little bit of college math knowledge.

u/iwontrememberanyway · 1 pointr/politics

How do you make a bullshitter stop bullshitting? He doesn't have any other way of communicating.

An interesting book:

u/waterless · 1 pointr/DebateAChristian

I'm not sure abut the specific case you're talking about, but I recently read the most charming little book that may help with questions like this in general, by Harry G. Frankfurt.

In this case, again without seeing where this came from, it doesn't seem unreasonable to think that Paul, assumed that he did talk to the apostles at some point, would very likely have known about the empty tomb. I guess the question is how many qualifiers and assumptions you have to make explicit in a given discussion at a given point.

u/RolandSchlopendorf · 1 pointr/pics

> you were asked to "go to the walk-in" where one of the managers would tell you you're not being happy enough.

This is what I hate--the inauthenticity of it all. No one has a passion for fast food--it's just a fucking job that you do to get by. I understand not being rude to customers, any idiot who doesn't have to concentrate on breathing knows that. But being so god damn bubbly all the time is just fucking stupid. How am I supposed to react if I do encounter something I really am passionate about? Is my head supposed to fucking explode? It is just too much Bullshit

u/Light-of-Aiur · 1 pointr/atheism

It all depends on the goal. If OP wants to send a message, then choosing The God Delusion or God Is Not Great would certainly send that message. If OP wants a book that's a good read, both are still good choices, but now there're other books that are equally good choices.

The Little Book of Atheist Spirituality, The Portable Atheist, On Bullshit, On Truth, The Good Book: A Humanist Bible, The Moral Landscape, The Demon Haunted World, Religion and Science, and many others are excellent reads, but don't send that little (possibly unnecessary) jab.

u/c8h10n4o2junkie · 1 pointr/philosophy

I own a book titled "On Bullshit" which is painfully pretentious, but entertaining. I wonder if it's on our assigned reading list.

u/dixieStates · 1 pointr/explainlikeimfive

It does not mean anything. That is the power of bullshit. I suggest that you might like to read this book. If you read it and if you learn from it then you will have a very very well calibrated bullshit detector.

u/bodhemon · 1 pointr/suggestmeabook

I liked On Truth and On Bullshit two tiny little books philosophizing about exactly what they say they are. I also highly recommend Borges' short fiction, each individual work is short, but you can consume as much as you choose since there are so many.

u/swankypenguin · 1 pointr/worldnews

Well put, and I do agree that "bullshit" is rampant.

You might like this book, it's a quick read, and the author expresses that very sentiment:

u/swisschez · 1 pointr/architecture
u/besttrousers · 1 pointr/Economics

No one hates Mankiw's 'pragmatism'. They hate his mendacious bullshit. If you want to be taken serious as an intellectual, don't spend all of your time prepping for a post in the Romney administration.

u/bbb3away · 1 pointr/DeadBedrooms

This belongs here:

"Frankfurt proceeds by exploring how bullshit and the related concept of humbug are distinct from lying. He argues that bullshitters misrepresent themselves to their audience not as liars do, that is, by deliberately making false claims about what is true. In fact, bullshit need not be untrue at all.

Rather, bullshitters seek to convey a certain impression of themselves without being concerned about whether anything at all is true. They quietly change the rules governing their end of the conversation so that claims about truth and falsity are irrelevant. Frankfurt concludes that although bullshit can take many innocent forms, excessive indulgence in it can eventually undermine the practitioner's capacity to tell the truth in a way that lying does not. Liars at least acknowledge that it matters what is true. By virtue of this, Frankfurt writes, bullshit is a greater enemy of the truth than lies are."

u/natnotnate · 1 pointr/tipofmytongue

As mentioned, it may have been photoshopped - or it may have been On Bullshit, by Harry G. Frankfurt.

u/_minouche · 1 pointr/quityourbullshit

Actually, that definition is debatable. I highly recommend reading Frankfurt's On Bullshit for a thorough exploration of what "bullshit" actually is.

u/Hellenomania · 1 pointr/worldnews

As someone with a Masters in International Relations and Masters in Modern Political Theory I can assure you that these definitions are entirely concocted to confirm a pre-existing cognitive bias.

Terrorism is specifically designed term which has cognitive bias written all over it, and only those seeking to blur the boundaries of truth would ever try and specify the term to such a degree as you have done in order to justify western terror.

Let us be very clear - even your definition - means that the sanctions against Iraq which resulted in the death of 500,000 innocent children was terrorism - your definition insists upon that. Further, collective punishment of civilians is a war crime - fact.

Drone strikes, which deliberately target civilians as they are known to be there, and represent the overwhelming majority of victims, also known as targets, also confirms this. Which means, American drone strikes are by every possible definition - terrorism. Reclassifying civilian targets as collateral damage, which is another example of post definition cognitive bias, does not change the fact that the civilians were knowingly targeted.

The entire US war on Iraq (post mission accomplished and the fall of the Bathe party and Saddam military apparatus), Afghanistan, Libya, Yemen, Syria etc are all almost exclusively acts of terrorism with very, very small aspects of military engagement.

Due to the above "reality" - the blurring of common usage of terrorism and its definition and the accepted terminology of western intervention, war on terror etc, means that there is no acceptable genuine and absolute example of terrorism - hence, almost all modern warfare, which specifically uses "local assets", private military corporations, private military companies and mercenaries augmented with official military, enacted against civilian populations almost exclusively with very small percentages of actual military targets involved, are terrorist acts, enacted by terrorists.

In all my years of study there were two types of people, those trying to research and understand the truth, and those seeking to obfuscate and generate self serving propaganda - you are clearly in the latter.

On the first day of my studies, in the first class, the first thing given to us was this book - you might read it.

u/K6J3J1A4F0 · 1 pointr/exmuslim

I think this is the book that describes why bullshitters are way worse than liars.

u/josefjohann · 1 pointr/politics

I think that for Trump, (1) attempting to remember what happened a day ago and (2) rationalizing the events into a narrative that suits his needs are two things he is unable to separate.

So I wouldn't put it past him that at any given moment his amateurish bullshitting is also what he genuinely thinks happened.

u/HydroDragon · 1 pointr/news

Um, why are you trying to impress yourself. Your bullshit doesn't impress anyone, not even you.

u/Bartleby1955 · 1 pointr/politics
u/GroundhogExpert · 1 pointr/LifeProTips

Answering a question you don't know is actually an interesting topic. It's hard to say it's lying, because you don't know the answer you gave is wrong. If you don't know the answer, then your response MIGHT be correct. I think it's better described as bullshitting. There's a small, but fun read, on this topic.

u/Luckystar812 · 1 pointr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

From what I've been told by obe of my professors, this book is about BS and how to tell if something is BS. Lol

Thanks for the contest!

u/punamenon2 · 1 pointr/quotes

The people I'm talking about do hold Ph.D's and teach in prestigious universities. Bullshitting is as an ingrained feature of intellectualism.

u/gmbiiin · 1 pointr/IWantToLearn

Found the title, the author is actually Rolf Potts.

Here's the amazon link for anyone who stumbles through here interested in the book.

u/el_benhameen · 1 pointr/travel

Also, check out this book. A nice guide/inspiration for the whole getting rid of stuff and focusing on travel thing.

u/devlifedotnet · 1 pointr/Advice

Well certainly if you want to go into the computing/IT side of things an apprenticeship or a degree is pretty much the only way in... there are exceptions, but these rely on more right place right time and a big chunk of luck.

My super responsible advice would be, suck it up, get good grades and go to uni, do a vocational subject (e.g Engineering/ Computer Science) and have a decent standard of living (if nothing special) for the rest of your life. But by the sounds of it you are pretty set on going unconventional and to be honest straight out of school is probably the best time to do it (no immediate responsibilities and a good 30-40 years to sort it all out if you fuck it up first time round), so with that i give you the following...

I'm guessing where you say you're quite good at business, you mean you're doing a Business Studies (or similar) A-Level and are quite good at that? There is a lot of differences between theory and practice... in theory everything is easy if you know what you are doing and you know what everyone else should be doing, but academic studies don't always prepare you for real life situations where people "don't play fair". When it comes to setting up a business, you need a great product and a sizeable client base before you even get started.... and that costs money (or a great deal of time which as you will know is also money).

As for you travelling ambitions they also require money (normally).

Now i think you have two options and i am going to recommend you read two books, one for each option (but you should read them both if you can).

First option, you go travelling shortly after you finish your A-levels. You're the perfect age for cheap labour (i.e bar work, retail market stalls etc) and you move from place to place earning enough to live on as you go. To get an idea of how you can do this with little or no start up funds read Vagabonding by Rolf Potts (non-affiliate amazon link) It is probably one of the best non-fiction books ever written and is regarded by many to be the bible of traveling. You can alway come back and return to the conventional life after that.

The second option, and in my opinion the best option for you is to start your own business... Just be aware that what you have been taught will be geared more towards corporate business with the aim of getting you onto a business based degree so not all of it may apply (although things like accounting will, you still have to be legal, even if unconventional). This is where my second book recommendation comes in. The 4-Hour Work Week by Timothy Ferriss (non-affiliate amazon link). Again this is one of the top semi-educational books ever written, and provides a great framework (not a step by step guide) for building a scalable business with minimal capital and minimal responsibility as well as some interesting anecdotes (i should point out the title is not literal, unfortunately). I would also really recommend listening to his podcast "The Tim Ferris Show" where he does super in depth interviews with the most successful people (from entrepreneurs to sports trainers to motivational speakers) on the planet in terms of behaviour, routines and personal philosophies, as well as the occasional "who would you most like to punch in the face and why?" question, which is always entertaining. very much worth your time to learn what it takes to be successful.

My final point is just picking up on something you mentioned... having a "basic knowledge of most things" is no longer what we call a skill or a talent... it's called google, and everyone has it.... don't use it as a differentiator between you and everyone else.

good luck.

u/HerpDerpison · 1 pointr/travel

That looks like an awesome book, I'll definitely get it. Thanks! In exchange, for any traveler, I highly recommend Vagabonding by Rolf Potts, and also the website Travelfish which was indispensable when I spent a month in Thailand, and it's great for SE Asia in general.

u/zakkyb · 1 pointr/solotravel

Maybe read Vagabonding and see if it helps you visualise your trip

u/snobordin8 · 1 pointr/travel

Vagabonding by Rolf Potts is a great read. He talks about the philosophy of travel quite a bit.

u/Jrfitzny · 1 pointr/financialindependence

Out of college, my sister got a job with Edelweiss Lodge and Resort in Garmisch, Germany.

It's a Department of Defense resort for troops- so she gets awesome benefits, and will be able to retire with pension after 20 years. And they paid for her flight.

Not sure if that helps though. Good luck.

I've also heard that the book Vagabonding by Rolf Potts is pretty useful in this type of situation.

u/subcosm · 1 pointr/travel

Read Vagabonding by Rolf Potts, as soon as possible. It’s full of useful advice for travel, especially solo travel.

u/10thflrinsanity · 1 pointr/AskReddit

Don't make saving your entire life in your 20s. It's important, sure, but only in balance with everything else, namely travel. It all depends on the lifestyle you want to live when you're old. If you want to be in the millions when you retire, your life will be pretty dull when you're young if you're just making average money, but if you get serious (talk to a financial adviser) about your finances at a reasonable age when say you're 30... you'll have no problem being better off than most who don't. For me, in my late 20s, it's travel, travel, travel. I have a degree in finance, I have a great job right now, but I'm saving up to travel long-term (1+ years) throughout central and south america in just over a year, will possibly teach English abroad elsewhere afterward, namely India. With no real responsibilities I think it's important for Americans (specifically) to live entirely out of a pack on their back for a sustained period of time. No all-inclusive resorts. Go somewhere where your money goes far (most of Europe is expensive). Couchsurf, bring a hammock - no one cares if you set it up between 2 palm trees on the beach - hostels, locals; it forces you to meet people and figure out who you are and what you want to do with your life. You can try to go with a friend, but you will meet so many great people along the way that it's not entirely necessary. It's also extremely cheap to do. Read Vagabonding or The 4-Hour Work Week . But I am one who just can't make up my mind what I want to do in life. Honestly, I just want to climb rocks, but that's not exactly practical since I'm not Chris Sharma . I have some business ideas in the works but I'll probably end up going back to school so I can teach and have 3 months off in the summer, preferrably psychology or the psychology of religion. But I think I could also be content organic farming in my later days... or writing, I write a bunch, and plan to use the trip as the muse for a Karouac-esque tale. See so I have no clue. But that's the fun of it. Just shotgun your interests and figure it out. Love life. Go live it. Don't let anyone tell you you're crazy because your values are different. They will come around. Also, no soda - water, water, and coconut water.

u/groktookia · 1 pointr/AskReddit

You can always afford it if you make travel a priority. You don't need thousands of dollars to travel, you just need a shift in priorities. I recommend reading Vagabonding to help shift your awareness. It'll help you prepare for where you eventually want to be -- living in another country. In the mean time, it'll teach you how to prioritize your life for what's important to you. Maybe that's travel, maybe not.

u/Mr_Saturn_ · 1 pointr/solotravel

if a laptop is completely necessary, bring it, but bringing more SD cards instead will save a lot of stress and worry and potential sadness if something does happen. there's always travel insurance which is a good idea to have anyways but it still sucks to have things stolen and a theft would put a damper on things for sure. plus the insurance route includes the joy of filing a police report in a foreign country and dealing with the claims process afterwards, an avoidable waste of time but an adventure nonetheless. internet-wise a smart phone is usually sufficient and if you need to use a computer most large cities and/or tourist areas have internet cafes and hostels may offer computers as well.

may i suggest reading vagabonding by rolf potts. it's a great primer for travel, inspiring and feel-good while covering all the bases. I always give it a listen before trips, gets me in the zone.

u/NeptLudi · 1 pointr/funny

If you haven't read it, you will probably find this interesting, and helpful.

And to put things in perspective, most people work their whole life without being able to take 2 months off to travel. Some are able to when they retire, if they're lucky and planned for it.

u/MrWitchDr · 1 pointr/AskReddit

1 Read - Vagabonding: An Uncommon Guide to the Art of Long-Term World Travel (

2 Visit -

3 Enjoy

u/thelandon · 1 pointr/self

You described me in high school to a tee. You are an introvert living in (probably) THE MOST extroverted country in the world. No wonder shit's tough. There is nothing wrong with being an introvert. Please PLEASE watch this TED talk by Susan Cain:
If there was one book I wish I'd read before middle school, it's her book, "Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can't Stop Talking". When people say that "such and such a book changed my life" I feel like smacking them in the face - what single piece of advice could do a human life justice? If ever I was to proclaim that something helped NEARLY that much, it's this woman's research.

Also, I dissolved a good portion of my depression by changing my diet. Look at Mark's Daily Apple and soak in as much as you can from that guy:
It's probably the purest diet you can follow. However, the easiest diet to follow is the slow-carb diet, which is nearly the same, and much more fun:
Tim Ferriss, the one who created the diet, has a book I found to be an inspiration, "The 4-hour Workweek"

As far as work goes, you must find something that makes you feel alive! This is easier said than done because our schools and our whole system don't work that way. Ken Robinson gives you the details as to why:
You might find his book helpful as well: "The Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything"
Also, travel can really clear one's head and make one feel alive. No one explains that better than Walt Whitman in "Song of the Open Road". If you've ever wanted to know how to travel for months on end I suggest the book "Vagabonding," by Rolf Potts:

Sorry I sort of went apeshit on you. I'm just excited to share what has helped me. Twenty months ago I went through a similar hell, and the minds I describe really helped me.
I sincerely hope you escape the doldrums.

u/earnest_turtle · 1 pointr/backpacking

Never done it, I'm coming from Texas to try it.

It's one hell of a hike thats for sure, but I don't think its extremely strenuous overall. There are some climbing parts near the end around Glencoe and I think its a bit up and down around Loch Lomond, but overall I think it's supposed to be a bit nice with a hill climb here and there.

Granted, I do backpack outdoors a fair amount and I'm used to tent camping every night. I know the WHT has bunkhouses and hostels all along the route, so you can get a decent nights rest and some warm grub every night. I haven't decided yet if I'm going to tent camp the whole way or stay at some of the places.
You're definitely welcome to join, even if you just want to meet me at one of the towns on the route and hike a day or two just to try it out.

On the entire backpacking/get out note, I think its a great idea. I'm 26, been working since college, and I'm going insane. I think we're all so focused on "save save save/work work work, I'll do the fun stuff when I retire" that we don't pay attention to the fact that we we'll be too exhausted to do anything when we're done.

So I guess my additional tips/ideas are:

  1. When you're on the road, stuff just happens, good or bad, and you just need to go with it. The best things come out of it.
  2. I enjoyed this book, kind of helped me get over anxieties of being on the road for awhile.
    Vagabonding: An Uncommon Guide to the Art of Long-Term World Travel

u/JensKnaeusle · 1 pointr/AskReddit

Lots of people do this. You might enjoy reading Vagabonding

u/redliter · 1 pointr/AskReddit

It's not fiction but it's good for traveling - Vagabonding by Rolf Potts

u/Translation_Geek · 1 pointr/TranslationStudies

I can recommend Heisig's Remembering the Kanji to you, if you don't know it yet. It was incredibly helpful to me for remembering kanji and to also understand the different parts that a kanji consists of. To find kanji you don't know, you can either search them by radicals or you can draw them into this online dictionary. There are also apps that let you do this so you can check on your phone while reading.

u/unknownbreaker · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Have you tried Remembering the Kanji?
Remembering the Kanji 1: A Complete Course on How Not to Forget the Meaning and Writing of Japanese Characters

it uses mnemonics for memorizing the characters by making you imagine a picture of something. makes the kanji much more memorable that way.

the book eventually expects you to come up with your own stories/mnemonics after giving you several hundred.

u/deneru · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Check out Heisig's "Remembering the Kanji". Learn the kana, know stroke order, pronunciation, etc, but realize they are not a substitute for kanji. You need both to be able to do anything besides read children's books and play really old video games.

Get yourself an SRS (Spaced Repetition Software). Basically really intelligent flash cards. The software tells you when to review them so you don't waste time reviewing what you already know. I recommend Anki, but Surusu also has a large number of users. Both are free.

Check All Japanese All the Time. The author, Khatzumoto, tends to take things to extremes, and he verges off into personal developement a lot. If you stick to the Table of Contents I just linked to and take everything he says with a few grains of salt you'll be fine. A more moderate, more Spanish-focused view can be found on Spanish Only.

u/BaconUnicornTamer · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Considering that hiragana is far easier than Kanji, I was thinking of starting with it, in a way I would learn Kanji, so I can feel in a familiar zone. That or I get the over-suggested book (

u/joshbeoulve · 1 pointr/Philippines

N3? That's pretty tough for a first-timer, but manageable if you put in the time to study.

On a related tangent, I highly recommend James Heisig's Remembering the Kanji series paired with spaced repetition app for reviews. It helped me break the well between the old Level 2 and old Level 1 and I wouldn't be where I am now without it.

u/refrained · 1 pointr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

I've been working on learning Japanese for a few years now! My focus comes and goes, and I understand far more than I can write/speak, but I'm getting there! Yes, I am an anime fan, and that's how my interest was sparked, but I love the sound of the language and the challenge of something without a Roman alphabet!

This book seems promising! And bonus! Awesome reviews. Kanji are so difficult to remember, and I've only ever been able to memorize about 20 of them before things start slipping away.

And this is one of my favourite songs. I was introduced to Hyde a long time ago by a good friend, and his voice has always been something I adore!

As for something funny... this has always frightened me with it's super happy intensity! It's one of those things that never fails to make me grin in response!

u/AsunonIndigo · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

If you really, really start feeling uncomfortable with kanji, like I did, RTK can help.

It's controversial on this subreddit for a number of reasons:

  1. It does not teach you the readings of any of them.

  2. It teaches you one, concrete meaning for every kanji it introduces. Nearly every single jouyou kanji ("essential" kanji) has multiple meanings. It's nice to have an anchor point for each kanji you come across, but for some people, it can be hard to attach extra meanings to a character they've already memorized as meaning something else.

  3. Some of the meanings are just plain incorrect and wrong altogether. In fact, I made a post about it. So, every single kanji you learn using this book, ALWAYS cross check with before committing the meaning to memory.

    The pros:

  4. It breaks kanji down into easy easy EASY to remember parts, all of which logically come together to form any particular kanji. Or at least, after you've formulated your own story to help you remember it, they do.

  5. It teaches you to dissect more complex kanji instead of just looking at some big, scary character and thinking "Oh God". For example, 夢 (dream) looks scary, doesn't it? Well it's not. It's composed of these "primitives" (every other resource you encounter will call these primitives "radicals".): Flower, Eye, Crown, and Evening. They're all separate pieces. It's not like "Dream" is just some insane, unique kanji. It's composed of parts, like a puzzle. 95% of all kanji I've encountered are this way. Even kanji I've never seen before can be dissected into these parts. Very few are completely, 100% unique and require their own memorization.

  6. You will remember them like it is your job. You won't know how to READ them; but assigning readings to kanji you already know is so easy it's disgusting. That's why I took a break from Genki upon starting lesson 3 and started RTK. It's been 25 days and I've learned 330 kanji thus far, 15 new ones today. It's hard, hard work, but it has paid off so far. Anki helps a great deal (free flashcard program, look it up if you haven't heard of it before).

    The biggest, most important part of this book, to me, is the fact that it shows you that kanji aren't impossible to learn. Challenging, definitely. Difficult, definitely. But not in the SLIGHTEST impossible.

    At my current rate, it'll take me about 5 and a half months to finish it up. The average time is 3-6 months, and it can be faster or slower depending on how comfortable you are with it. I try to do at least 15 a day. But sometimes, I have no time and skip it, and other times, I have excess time and will do up to 30. No matter what and no matter how many, it's always easy to remember. Just remember you aren't actually learning Japanese; you're merely making ACTUAL learning of Japanese potentially easier.
u/Evil_Roy · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Hi, I'm fairly new to learning Japanese too, here is what I know so far: At first it seems like there is a brick wall that you have to break through. But hindsight is 20/20 as they say. If vocab are the bricks.. grammar (particles, canjigation etc.) Are the morter that hold everything together. Its more like having to build a house by yourself then it is breaking through a brick wall. It requires hard work, sacrifice and dedication. First thing is to learn kana, then focus on grammar and reading. Don't study kanji starting out and when you do start learning kanji, make sure to learn it in context. At first you will be focused on each character, then you will start to recognize words, and then you will begin to see sentences and then have to get used to keeping track of what the topic is (は).

SRS is good but won't help you learn well unless you are reading native materials also (such as graded readers or manga). At first I studied as much as possible for the first 4 months to get past most of the absolute beginer grammar. Also, after the first 3 weeks of learning vocab and honing kana skills I started wanikani. Now there are a lot of people who push RTK but having memorized 350 kanji from the book before getting serious about learning.. if I knew then what I know now, I would have gon straight to wanikani. (Anki is ok too if you're on a budget). RTK is good for overcoming fear of kanji and for learning correct stroke order (which comes in handy when looking up kanji that doesn't have furigana). This to me doesn't justify using RTK though in my mind.

I will say that it is better to go at your own pace instead of burning out like I did at first. To me, studying is what you must do in order to achieve your goal. Learning is enjoyable and even leisurely. Finding a good balance is important.

Also, I was in a class that was being taught on discord for a while. Now I'm learning on my own. The internet is full of resources that can help you.

Here are some good resources:

Takoboto (android or windows)

WaniKani (I know there are wanikani decks for anki for free too if your watching $$$)

Anki (Free)

Japanese Graded Readers (level 1-2 I hear will get you high enough to start reading manga, but I cant confirm this as fact.)

Level 1

Level 2

RTK (1st book is the only one worth using)

Genki 1 & 2 (more for in class but can be used to study on your own too)

u/quiquejp · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Is it?

u/PurpleHawthorn · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Non-native here. I'm still in the process of learning kanji and I'm using the Kanji de Manga series along with Heisig's Remembering the Kanji.

My pace is pretty slow -- perhaps 10 - 15 kanji per week.

u/fellcat · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Awesome, thank you. Should I just buy the book or do you know of any online resources?

u/mrzombieland · 1 pointr/OreGairuSNAFU

I unfortunately don't have many sources to use as practice reading since right now I'm at the stage of learning advanced Kanji so I can read and understand with greater facility. The one thing I use a lot to improve my reading though is to read manga in Japanese on a daily basis so that's what I would recommend since is has a lot of furigana. Otherwise, I'll link you my kanji book if you are interested on that.

Remembering the Kanji:

u/Vladz0r · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

I feel like you might have done kanji->keyword, in which case that might explain why you didn't get anything out of learning the kanji individually. You're supposed to learn how to write the Kanji, so that you can recognize each individually, because kanji meaning reinforces.

Remember the Kanji:

There are also Anki decks and free pdfs for the book floating around.

There's also where you can learn and look up mnemonic stories for writing kanji.

>Wether I read a sentence with furigana or without furigana doesn't really matter, what matters is that I can consume and produce the language so that the structures and vocabulary I've learnt are put into practice and stabilize in my memory.

Uh, go to Japan and you'll notice that people don't speech with kanji and furigana appearing underneath them as speech bubbles.

I feel like what you're trying to say in that big vague paragraph is that you understand that 学校 is school rather than "learning school building." An example of when knowing kanji helped me out recently - I knew the word 赤道 (equator) 富士山[ふいじさん] aka Mt. Fuji. Learning the word 山道[さんどう] was aided by learning those kanji, since I wasn't too familiar with the readings for 山. The word also literally means "mountain path" but it's not やまみち. It's its own word that you just know.

I don't get how you struggle to learn kanji and learn words when they literally reinforce the meanings of each other.

Knowing the meaning of each kanji helps dramatically with reading words - I don't get how anyone could think otherwise. The "occasional word that sounds like nonsense and is unrelated to the word's kanji" and giving examples like "大丈夫 meaning large length husband" or something doesn't discount the 10,000s of common words that are logically constructed by kanji and follow a lot of common rules and pronunciation patterns.

But hey

u/lonniganseaweed · 1 pointr/IWantToLearn

Scroll through to Japanese for a resource list. And also this video. You didn't really mention what you will be using Japanese for (speaking, reading, etc.) so this is only a general overview. Also, keep in mind this is coming from a highschool student self-studying Japanese, so some of my recommendations may not be the best. Here are the basics of the writing system:

  • Hiragana: a 46 symbol "alphabet" used for particles and sentence structure. Each symbol represents a specific syllable. Chart and Wikipedia Article

  • Katakana: Also a 46 symbol "alphabet", this is used for constructing foreign words and sometimes for emphasis on a word or phrase. chart and Wikipedia Article

  • Kanji: a logographic system, that is, it uses unique symbols for each object or word. There are about 2200 Kanji used in everyday situations.
    Each Kanji can be read different ways depending on how it functions in a sentence. Wikipedia Article

    Here are the resources I use for learning Japanese:

  • Learn Hiragana. Hiragana will get you started on reading and pronouncing Japanese. Go at our own pace, but try to memorize some everyday. After memorizing Hiragana, do the same with Katakana. Use the same picture-word association with Katakana, it really solidifies the symbols in your mind. Use RealKana to practice or refresh.

  • For Kanji, Dr. Heisig's Remembering the Kanji I think is hands-down one of the best resources for learning Kanji. It uses mnemonics to memorize Kanji. One strange thing about the book is that it doesn't provide pronunciation guides for the Kanji. For instance, it would have a Kanji 雨. It would tell you, this is "rain" and how to write and remember it, but no pronunciation for how it is said in Japanese ("ame"). For this reason, it is necessary to use Jisho to find the pronunciation.

  • For vocabulary, I use . It has both vocabulary and Kanji memorization.

  • Tae Kim's guide is a great beginner-intermediate guide for grammar.

  • For a all-in-one beginner's course, I recommend using Memrise and specifically, jlptbootcamp's course.

  • To practice all you have learned, use Lang-8. You post in Japanese and native Japanese speakers will correct you. On the flip side, you will correct their English. You can also live chat or video call on Use Anki to make flashcards for practice.

    Everybody has a different way of learning, but the absolute first thing to memorize is Hiragana and Katakana. After that, you can juggle learning Kanji and grammar or learn common phrases, or whatever. Use what works for you.
u/Gekusu · 1 pointr/Team_Japanese
    1. The First 100 Japanese Kanji: A great first step into the world of kanji. Basic, but at first you just need something to help you dip your feet in the water.
    1. Berlitz Essential Japanese: Better than I expected, by why bother with non-academic textbook if you're a serious learner?
    1. Genki I: This was my real first foray into Japanese. Great series, especially for self-study. Holds your hand but covers a lot of territory. It helps to read it, then go back and read it again. I used the workbook on a few occasions, but not much. NOTE: The link is to the old version.
    1. Genki II: The follow-up to Genki I. Goes into more complicated grammar. Again, a great book. I used JGram and Tae Kim's a lot to reinforce my learning with the Genki series. NOTE: The link is to the old version.
    1. N3 Speed Master Series: I really liked these, however I didn't use them for long before moving on to N2 materials. It wasn't well edited, though, and some placeholder text was repeated a lot in the grammar book.
    1. 合格できるN3: This is just practice problems. Really useful for the N3, though.
  • 7. 絵で見てわかる 日本語表現文型 初中級: This was recommended by a friend. I love it because it was my transition into using primarily Japanese to study. It's a list of grammar points from high N4 to low N2 level, with related phrases lumped together. There are example dialogues and pictures along with a few sparse English notes. It's not perfect, though (some sentences don't give you a very good understanding of the grammar points).
    1. Remembering the Kanji: I dropped WaniKani to study faster, and used RtK as my new curriculum. I used Reviewing the Kanji more than this book, though.
    1. Shadowing: Let's Speak Japanese: Okay, so I only ever used the CD (not the book). Still it's great. I realized my listening was weak and conversation skills were even weaker so I found this. Starts slow, builds up. Funny and interesting. Transcribing the sentences helped my ear a lot.
    1. 新完全マスターN2 Series: These are amazing for intermediate Japanese and preparing for the N2. The Kanji and vocab books are probably the weakest and least necessary. The others are essential for N2 study.

      I know there's been a few others but I can't think of them right now.
u/Forgetwhatitoldyou · 1 pointr/AskWomen

Try the book Remembering the Kanji to, well, learn the kanji. If you already know vocabulary and grammar, it'll be a cinch to learn the kanji too. There's a ton of decks on Anki (app) that have SRS flashcards based on this book.

u/emilsgnik · 1 pointr/dragonquest

Remembering the Kanji by James Heisig is a really good place to start. Best of luck!

u/Justanotherbiomajor · 1 pointr/lifehacks

For the Kanji, read Remembering the Kanji by James W. Heisig.

If you're are serious about it, you will learn all the kanji you need to know in less than 6 months.

u/thestarheart · 1 pointr/gaming

That wiki is wonderful because it offers the ability to group by radicals. This is an approach that Heisig would approve of, who has written the incredibly popular Remembering the Kanji.

If you're really committed to learning Japanese, find every way you can to engage yourself. You are in control of how much you learn! Make sure you know whatever lessons you're assigned strongly. go over them enough times to never forget them. Talk to native Japanese speakers, read books, make flashcards, watch TV and movies, do everything you can to use the language.

Recommended movie

u/Jaimeser · 1 pointr/RealEstate

Considering how big an investment you're contemplating, the 3 hours or so it would take to read this book would be extremely well spent.*Version*=1&*entries*=0

u/Hoffman81 · 1 pointr/exmormon

I never said it did. Actually, I think taking someone's donations to a church and building a three billion dollar shopping mall (it's actually a mixed use development including residential and office space) is a pretty shitty thing to do. But I'm also well aware that people are going to keep feeding the few dollars that they have to the church whether I like it or not, it might as well turn out good sometimes. I'm just saying to have the opinion that the "mall" isn't a tremendous benefit to the citizens of SLC and the metropolis area, you have to keep yourself ignorant to quite a few facts about city planning.

u/hexagonalshit · 1 pointr/urbanplanning

Cities of Tomorrow: An Intellectual History of Urban Planning and Design in the Twentieth Century by Peter Hall

>In order to give you some good context and historical background on how the field came to be the way it is now, I would suggest picking up Cities of Tomorrow: An Intellectual History of Urban Planning and Design in the Twentieth Century by Peter Hall. It will give you a really good foundation on urban planning theory and the different approaches planners have taken. Then, see what concepts in that book tickle your fancy and pursue some classic books in that particular sub-field.

>Here's the link to it on Amazon, but I'll bet your local library has a copy.

"Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream." By Andres Duany

>Despite its title, this book is written by one of the premier planners in the US. He outlines planning theory, practice, and history utilizing stories, maps, and plenty of examples. It was the best planning introduction book that I read (including Cities of Tomorrow, Death and Life of the Great American Cities, and many others).
It's not a tough or jargon-y read, but it has enough meat to it to get an idea about what planners do, how planning is implemented, and the influence that planners have on society. You can probably get it pretty cheap online used. Seriously.

The Death and Life of Great American Cities

>I strongly recommend The Practice of Local Government Planning, sometimes called the Green Book. It offers an easy to read history and overview of the field, and chapters on subfields within planning, such as environmental, transportation, land use, and urban design.

>As others have said, Jacobs and Hall are good too. The Death and Life of Great American Cities is a great starting point. Jacobs writes in a style that is most appropriate for a general audience, and Peter Hall's Cities of Tomorrow could be the perfect next step to dive deeper.

>In my opinion, first hand interaction can be the best source of information. If you're near a university with a planning program, find an admissions person, student, or professor to chat with, or a local government planner where you live. We're pretty aproachable people for the most part. :)

u/kidfay · 1 pointr/AskEngineers

I second Jane Jacobs!

You're probably thinking of Suburban Nation. I have both books.

u/patron_vectras · 1 pointr/Blackfellas

Other reading on this phenomenon can be found at Strong Towns and in the book Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream .

> “We need to acknowledge the tension here: that “protecting” or “promoting” property values is the same thing as “making housing more expensive.””

u/ElderTheElder · 1 pointr/PenmanshipPorn

Yeah, lots! Some of my old technique books were found in the library of a now-defunct printing school in NYC and thus will be very difficult to find again, but a few good ones that you shouldn't have trouble finding are:

The Universal Penman is a collection of some of George Bickham's most beautiful calligraphic pieces. It's a lovely book for inspiration and general style (not so much technique but rather seeing how the letters are shaped and spaced, etc.).

Spencerian Penmanship is a good technique for learning the basics of Spencerian letterforms. I purchased the version without the five extra copy-books on Amazon but I'm not seeing it there right now (just the version with the copy books, which could be useful).

– JA Cavanaugh's Lettering & Alphabets is a good place to learn the basics of a few different lettering styles, particularly loose script lettering for advertising layouts and some Roman + Caslon styles.

– Leslie Cabarga's Logo, Font, & Lettering Bible has some extremely helpful tips for digitizing your lettering work as well as other general design tips. It is, ironically enough, a horrendously designed and dated book but the methods are still instrumental.

– Finally, Colt Bowden's How To Paint Signs and Influence People zine is a really lovely modern take on lettering techniques. Though it is geared for signwriters, the techniques taught for building up letterforms has followed me through to my pen-and-ink work as well. Plus, it's a really fun little series and your money is going to a very talented and passionate dude.

Hope this was helpful!

u/napsforlife · 1 pointr/fountainpens
u/ww2golfer · 1 pointr/fountainpens

Thanks, I appreciate it. I think it is true that no one ever really likes their own writing because I think mine is horrific. I was in that last generation that they still taught cursive in school, so it is a mix of the garbage school guidance and Spencerian theory. I wish I could go back in time and learn the write way when I was 8 vs working on it now.

Spencerian Penmanship (Theory Book plus five copybooks)

u/CliffJameston · 1 pointr/fountainpens

Not OP, but (from what I've seen) the definitive resource for Spencerian handwriting is the original books by Spencer himself. They're what I'm using, and by the sounds of it, what OP used too.

u/spicypenis · 1 pointr/fountainpens

Do it the old school way with this book. As long as you stick to the instruction and be patient, you'll improve in no time.

u/MShades · 1 pointr/Calligraphy

Thanks! For the Spencerian, I'm using the set published by Mott Media - a theory book with a set of workbooks. It's good, although I think it would be better used as a supplement to lessons with an actual person.

As for Uncial, I cobbled that together from a lot of resources. Part of it was just stumbling my way through scripts until someone here said, "It looks like you might be trying to do Uncial." I used a few of the resources in the Wiki as well, and they were very helpful.

u/ANauticalVehicle · 1 pointr/Handwriting

Yeah, here are some links to IAMPETH: 1 2

2 is a collection of Spencerian examples by master penmen and the first are a few practice sheets. There are also a few books you can get through Amazon (or possibly locally depending your location). 1 2

I would recommend the latter, but it is often expensive/unobtainable. The guides online can help a lot too, though I recommend you print off the sheets and trace the letterforms for a while to get them down.

u/polypeptide147 · 1 pointr/fountainpens

Amazon has them too!

Edit: This is the link you want

u/AHemlockslie · 1 pointr/Calligraphy

I'm learning Spencerian, and I got a set of practice books that have helped a lot. I'm only like 2/3 of the way through the first of 5, but I'm starting to break away from it and just learn what I need as I need it. The beginning, though, was extremely beneficial. The pages are full of practice lines with everything divided up an spaced for perfect letters. In the first book, for example, the boxes are generally the exact size where the upstroke to start writing a lowercase i takes you from bottom left corner up to the opposite corner in the top right. It's very helpful for getting down the length and the slant, especially since they're core components of the script that apply to pretty much all the letters. It also talks about how certain types of lines in the script are supposed to be made, which again helps with consistency in your writing.

This looks like the one I have, but you might be able to find practice sheets of the appropriate grid size free online, as well as theory. The theory book and 5 practice books are also available separately if you only want one or the other.

u/alb404 · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Kanji in KLC are arranged in order of frequency. Amazon has a "look inside" for the book, so you can actually read about the author's motivations. Some of the pages are missing on the amazon preview, but look at actual book's page number 18, middle of the page for info on order. While you are on this page, take a look at the explanations of the sample entry.

You can read about how radicals (he uses the term graphemes) are introduced on page 12 of the preview.

u/JohnnyNonymous · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Thanks for the detailed post. I think the textbook-search site'll be especially handy, since I've never heard of it before.

And since you seem to know of a lot of good resources, I have a few questions (if you don't mind).

  1. Would you happen to know the difference between these two Kodansha kanji dictionaries?

  1. I'm interested in the All About Particles book, and other such supplementary texts, but is there a chance that the Dictionary of Japanese Grammar series might make them redundant?

  2. How is Kodansha's Communicative English-Japanese Dictionary? Wouldn't it be redundant to the Furigana dictionary, which lets you do look-up in both JP-EN and EN-JP? Or is it nuanced enough to be worth it on its own?

u/SaeculaSaeculorum · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

xizar answered already, but KLC, Kanji Learner's Course, is a book by Andrew Conning that presents the kanji in an order that prioritizes both useful to building up future kanji vocabulary as well as usefulness to the student of Japanese. All kanji from the Joyo list are included, as well as kanji popular in names or that are expected to be added to the Joyo list. Each new kanji also has a mnemonic story that helps a student remember the kanji. I really do suggest checking it out if you are looking around for a kanji resource, it's worth far more that what you pay for it.

u/Theodorin · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

I really like KLC, the Kodansha Kanji Leaner's Course:

Combined with the Anki deck for it:

It condenses the meaning of the kanji into a mnemonic "keyword". It gives you sample vocabulary so you can see how the kanji is actually used/read in Japanese words. It teaches you the stroke order (some people don't like learning stoke order, by I find that writing a kanji I'm trying to learn really solidifies the specifics of it in my mind). It groups kanji that look similar together, and makes you intuitively learn how to distinguish them from the beginning instead of it being a huge pain later. It teaches you via "graphemes", which are basically radicals that kanji are constructed from. It does all of this while also teaching kanji by frequency of use, so that you learn the most useful kanji early.

Not to mention that it was a course created more recently, so it contains all of the jōyō kanji (kanji that the Japanese government determined you need to know to be literate in Japanese), including the 196 that were added in 2010, and the most useful non-jōyō kanji. 2300 characters in total.

As you're learning the kanji, I would also study grammar and vocab alongside it, so that the kanji aren't just these abstract concepts in your head that you never use, and you understand how they're applied in practice. I recommend Tae Kim's Guide to Japanese Grammar:

Also start trying to read real Japanese: manga, TV subtitles, newspapers, whatever you like, as soon as you can. You can probably start trying that at around 1500 kanji or so with a Japanese dictionary. In my experience, nothing has taught me better than actually trying to read Japanese works and understand them.

WaniKani was too slow and didn't click for me, but that might be something you like.

u/ishigami_san · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

As expected, my N5 didn't go well for me, as I only seriously started practicing like a few days ago. Although, listening part went well (or so I think) for me, as I'm watching Japanese stuff on a regular basis for ~7 years now.

In any case, I'm more determined now. I'm following KLC book, KLC Anki deck, JLPT N5 Vocabulary Anki deck, and An Introduction to Japanese - Syntax, Grammar, & Language. Also, I have Making Sense of Japanese but haven't started reading it yet.

I tried Memrise too but didn't go well for me. I found Anki better. Now just have to devote some time off Anki to study grammar too.

Hope this helps, and all the best!

u/yokokiku · 1 pointr/japanlife

I think the Kodansha system is far superior, having tried both myself. I finished the entire Kodansha book, which covers about 2300 kanji.

It incorporates some of the good from RTK, without neglecting the actual readings and important compounds along the way.

u/ywja · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Kanji learning is by far the most popular topic on this subreddit. I wish they would just ban it, at least as top-level submissions, so that people can spend more time discussing the language as opposed to learning methods.

The interesting aspect of your question was that it was something that couldn't be satisfied by the usual answers because it involved characters that couldn't be easily imported into a computer. If a certain kanji is in computer memory, you can always copy it, throw it to Google and get results. In you case, however, even OCR doesn't work, so you must resort to the old technology, the indexing and searching method that has been used since before computer. It was refreshing.

Practically speaking, I guess most Japanese learners don't need to learn it because they will never wander out of the computer space as far as the Japanese language is concerned, or they will have some workarounds when the need arises, such as guessing the reading based on kanji components or guessing the number of strokes. But your question was specifically about "decomposing" them for the purpose of searching, which was also refreshing.

As for the concept of radicals in WaniKani, I think this recent thread will give you the basic idea.

On kanji learning that isn't Remembering the Kanji or WaniKani, I don't have a good link right now. There simply aren't many people here who endorse other options. The Kodansha Kanji Learner's Course sounds promising but I can't vouch for it because I've never read it.

In any case, recognizing radicals is an acquired skill and you have to put an effort in it. There are 214 radicals, and each kanji has only one radical, or rather, each kanji is classified according to the one radical it is assigned. 214 might sound overwhelming but practically speaking many of them are obvious and easy to remember, and many of the obscure ones aren't actually so useful for searching purposes or any purposes for that matter, so it' OK to skip them in my opinion.

u/KenmaXhan · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese
u/hans_grosse · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

No problem... thanks for the reply!

So a little over a month ago (after I made that last post), I bought a copy of The Kodansha Kanji Learner's Course, and it's absolutely awesome. If you can get your hands on a copy, I'd definitely recommend it.

Basically, the book lists 2300 basic kanji... and for each one, it gives the meanings, the readings, a few example compounds, and - most importantly - a useful note on how to remember the character. For example, with the kanji 作 (as in つくる, "to make"), the book recommends viewing the right radical (乍) as a hacksaw, and the radical on the left as a person - thus, a person using a hacksaw to make something. That might not be the true etymology, but it's still a good way to remember the kanji. Some of the suggestions are a bit of a stretch (and kind of hilarious)... but I figure, as long as it helps me with memorization, then why not?

I was starting to go crazy trying to come up with mnemonics to help me remember kanji, so this book has been a huge help (and time-saver) for me.

u/Roy_ALifeWellLived · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Just started on Genki 1 not too long ago and a friend recommended I pick up Kodansha KLC to work through alongside Genki. While Genki is my main priority, I find it very nice to have something else to turn to when I start feeling kinda burnt out. Kodansha KLC is a very awesome book for learning kanji and I'd highly recommend it to anyone learning the language! I feel like this is starting to sound like a sales pitch haha, but really I'm so glad I bought it.

u/alegrilli · 1 pointr/languagelearning

Yes this, or the newer Kodansha Kanji Learner's Course. You can find sample content online:

  • Remembering the Kanji
  • The Kodansha Kanji Learner's Course (Amazon link—click on "Look inside")

    Whichever you choose, do read Heisig's RTK introduction. I haven't used KLC but from what I've seen of it, it improves on RTK while also adding some extra problems; in particular, too much information per character, which you'll need to learn to filter out to focus on what you need.

    The gist of the method is that you memorize the core meaning and the writing of the characters through their component parts, devising mnemonics from these components, and going from character to character in a sequence that takes advantage of this method. The point of this is that it'll make learning vocabulary much easier, and give you hints to understand words you read and don't know. You don't learn how to pronounce them—I suggest you learn that through vocabulary rather than per isolated character.

    Take into account that neither book is perfect, in particular the mnemonics can be quite bad, so I suggest taking Heisig's words to heart in his introduction, and while going through your chosen book you invent mnemonics that work for you, and assign a meaning to the components that is concrete and memorable.
u/ragnar_deerslayer · 1 pointr/latin

You absolutely need Pars I: Familia Romana.

If you are an autodidact, you also need the Teachers' Materials & Answer Keys.

I would strongly suggest you get the Companion to Familia Romana, since it makes explicit all the inductive teaching from Familia Romana. If you let it become a crutch, then the course becomes "Just like Wheelock's, but with extra reading material." However, it's invaluable if you're banging your head against the wall, unable to figure out what something means or why something is done a certain way.

You should also get Fabellae Latinae for extra reading material, since it's a free download.

Since the whole point of the course is "lots of reading that teaches you inductively," I'd also get the Colloquia Personarum, which is extra reading material (like Fabellae Latinae) tied to each of the chapters in Familia Romana.

I did not get the extra book of exercises. Following the advice of Justin Slocum Bailey, I'm spending that time reading more.

u/prhodiann · 1 pointr/latin

Lol, I promise I never spent any nights weeping into my coursebook! The main online resource I use is the very excellent Vicarius interface for Whitaker's Words dictionary, which you can find here:


I like reading so I used a lot of supplementary readers, and I would recommend doing that in addition to whatever your main textbook is. I have particularly enjoyed the LLPSI series, the first book of which is here:


There are also some free online readers: search for Ritchie's Fabulae Faciles and Puer Romanus. Geoffrey Steadman has an annotated version of Fabulae Faciles here: (his other annotated texts are good too!)


And when you want something more advanced, there's an absolute shitload of classical texts with facing-page translations available here:


Have fun!


u/softball753 · 1 pointr/iamverysmart

Ooooh, if you're still interested, over at /r/Latin we're doing a weekly study of Lingua Latina.

Here is this week's thread. We're only up to week 3 but the first chapters are really easy to handle, so you could catch up.

u/RenlyIsTheFury · 1 pointr/IWantToLearn

That's true I guess, I could just buy one from the same publishers/stores that colleges get them from, if I can actually find them.

Also, I think that /u/kavaler_d took care of that for me, mostly. According to the seller of Lungua Latina, they're the most popular Latin textbook for universities (although, I bet some others also claim that...).

u/Rynasaurus · 1 pointr/AskReddit

Absolutely! In fact, I started reading one called Lingua Latina: Familia Romana. It did the same thing but for Latin. It starts out with a map and says where each country is and after that it starts introducing a Roman family who speaks Latin. Very cool, I'd love to see one for another language.

u/TheNevermind · 1 pointr/AskReddit

I started learning Latin once. I didn't make it too far, but I really would love to get back into it. I was using this book: Lingua Latina. It's actually really neat, it uses no translations for anything, and you still learn a lot (although I might be biased, since I've studied other languages and knew what to expect.) But yeah, verb conjugations and noun declensions = <3

u/pkonink · 1 pointr/latin

Are you familiar with Lingua Latina: Familia Romana? it works really well for solo study, and it gets you in the habit of reading Latin directly (not translating it).

u/OccamsAxeWound · 1 pointr/latin

Would this be everything? Or should I some other things?

u/SPLACAUS · 1 pointr/nfl

I'm making plenty of changes to how I'm living my life; some small, some larger. One thing is I've wanted to get back into reading; I'm slowly working through it, but I have so much I want to go through. Should I stick to one book at a time, or can I juggle back and forth between multiple?

For those who are curious, this is what I'm working on right now, and I'm about 1/5 of my way through the first read (because I know I'll come back to reference it all the time).

u/Fritzy41 · 1 pointr/television
This is a pretty good book, doesn't go over the head of people who don't know about football and still teaches those who do without seeming dumbed down.

u/Adventure_tom · 1 pointr/CFB
u/joeslide · 1 pointr/CFB

By reading books like this...

u/exodus1028 · 1 pointr/Patriots

I'd start buying this book

Guessing plays is only possible by a limited basis, cause thats what football is all about.
If you wanna guess you must

a) know formations
b) know tendencies teams use in regards to personnel on the field, down & distance and also vs the clock
c) know strengths & weaknesses of the opponent, also in conjunction with b)

football is all about matchups, who blocks whom and who can win his matchup against whom
where are weak areas of the defense, can the offense read them and can they attack them

so it all starts with personnel on the field and what formation it is
the linked book helped me tremendously understanding these basics and how to read them on the fly (as good as it gets)

u/71017 · 1 pointr/IWantToLearn

My apologies that is the link to the old version, here is the more updated one.


u/Payneinmyside · 1 pointr/CFB
u/Noct_Stella · 1 pointr/languagelearning
  1. Cry

  2. Essential Japanese Grammar: A Comprehensive Guide to Contemporary Usage, Genki I, and Genki II

  3. JAPAN: Understanding & Dealing with the New Japanese Way of Doing Business

    Even if you disregard my advice on everything else you must must must must follow three in getting some books in understanding how to do business in Japanese.

    Language barrier is easy to overcome if there's money involved, cultural barriers less so. For learning Japanese and/or doing business in Japan culture and etiquette is everything.
u/AlaskanWolf · 1 pointr/gaming

I can't speak for the quality of Rosetta Stone, but he is correct in recommending the Genki series of books. The best I've encountered so far.

u/Hodsulfr · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

This and This you don't happend you know the difference since there's such a huge price difference.

Edit: nvm textbook and workbook. Would i need both or is textbook enough?

u/10yearbazooka · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

If you like anime and manga this site is fun:

It would really help you to get an actual textbook though. I use the Genki series, and it is much, much more affordable than Rosetta Stone and a million times better too.

u/Koyomii-Onii-chan · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

I don't know if it answers your question but I learn Japanese using this book . It's fantastic and it starts from the basic.

u/IllPresence · 1 pointr/Bonn

While I won't be able to teach you myself, I've got a spare copy of this book that I could give to you.

It teaches basic Japanese by using one or two short sample dialogues for each chapter with emphasis on a certain grammatical form.
If you want to get any use out of it, it is vital to at least being able to read Hiragana, one of the three writing systems Japanese is composed of, though.

If you're interested just send me a message.

u/Captainobvious89 · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Yeah, I figured that. Seems overly redundant if you ask me. This is the one I was planning on grabbing; I'm guessing it's the textbook?

u/etalasi · 1 pointr/languagelearning

/r/learnjapanese's Getting Started Guide

> ###Online Guides
> Luckily for the modern language learner, the internet is full of free resources for study. When using them, however, make sure that you are using a credible source. One extremely popular and quality guide is Tae Kim’s Guide to Learning Japanese. Written, and even available through Amazon, as a book, Tae Kim’s Guide covers everything you need to know to get started learning Japanese.
> Another great choice is Pomax's Introduction to Japanese.
> If you’d like to follow a different path, you can follow the subsections below.
> ###Textbooks
> If you’re interested in a more traditional form of study, you may be looking for a recommendation of a textbook. In /r/LearnJapanese, the most commonly recommended textbook series is Genki. Currently available in its second edition, the Genki consists of two textbooks (GENKI I: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese and Genki: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese II) with companion workbooks. The books and associated media are designed to be used to help in learning speaking, listening, reading and writing skills, with additional segments for cultural information. These textbooks are commonly used in college and university settings and cover the first two years of study at a common pace.
> These books are available for purchase from many sources, such as ( Purchase Links: Genki I | Genki I Workbook | Genki II | Genki II Workbook ) and traditional brick-and-mortar resellers.
> Additional choices for textbooks, such as the Nakama series, can be found on the Resources page of the wiki.

u/Sav1n · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Thanks Man, Think I got it all This Is it right?

u/empire539 · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Ah, yeah. There are two Genki books - a textbook and a workbook.

The textbook is what has all the lessons, dialogues, grammar explanations, vocabulary lists, and so on.

The workbook is meant to be a companion book which provides you with a lot of exercises to complete after doing a lesson in the textbook.

You want the one that doesn't say workbook on it, like this one, for example.

u/naevorc · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Do you have a local university where you can audit a summer class? I recommend doing that if you can, and also you can ask your professor recommendations.

Force yourself to learn Hiragana and Katakana in 1 week or so and get that over with quickly. Do not go easy on yourself and move on from reading the Romanized pronunciations. There are flash card apps you can use as well, my preferred is called Anki. I live in Japan and still use it as there are flash card decks for everything, and especially since it's on my phone (free on android, paid on iphone).

Find a language partner if possible. There are also online Skype services.

For now though, I recommend either of the first two books, and the third. My organization's Japanese language advisor prefers Minna no Nihongo, because he thinks the Genki series uses too much English. But I first learned in the states during college and still feel that Genki 1 & 2 were great introductory books. The third book is from my language advisor's preferred Japanese Language Proficiency Test prepbook series:


[Minna no Nihongo] (

[Nihongo So Matome N5] (

Learn how to count, along with the basic various counter words (ex: the first 10 days of the month are special words, 10 people, 10 things, etc)

Learn "すみません sumimasen" for "I'm sorry / excuse me / thank you" (sometimes). Use this especially if you need someone's attention or want to ask a question.

"arigatou(gozaimasu/gozaimashita)" = thank you

Toire wa doko desu ka? =
Where's the bathroom?

男 "otoko" = man

女 "onna" = woman

Also check out /r/movingtojapan /r/japanlife

Blessings on you

u/Triddy · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Hey, this is very late, but I am procrastinating studying for my Kanji test tomorrow, so I'm going to write this out again! I hope you see it.

Free is going to be hard. I would suggest less than $50, as that's a hell of a lot more feasible.

Step 0: Get your expectations in Check

You have 3 - 5 months, depending on when you are going. That's enough to learn some stuff, but not as much as you'd like.

You will need to study at least an hour a day, every day. At that point, you'll likely be able to form basic sentences, read basic signs and instruction, and absolutely struggle through the most basic of basic conversations. That's really about it.

You can do more if you study more, obviously. But you also run the risk of burning out. Personally, I would suggest setting an hour a night aside, and at the end of that hour, ask yourself, "Am I good for another 30 minutes?" and continue doing that until you can't honestly say yes.


Step 1: Learn Hiragana and Katakana

There are lots of apps and books and stuff for this: It's a gigantic waste of money and time. Make yourself some flashcards, drill them into your head at every spare moment over a few days. You should have a basic sense of them. You'll still forget some, that's normal, don't worry. As long as you don't have to stop and look up every other kana, you're going to be fine.

Step 2: Get a Grammar Resource

Textbook, unfortunately. Alternative: tutor or classes but that gets expensive quick.

Any one of us can give you a massive list of vocab and useful grammar points and flash card decks. That will give you a wealth of information and no direction. The important part of a class or a textbook is that it's a lesson plan. You don't need to waste the time deciding what to learn in what order: Just flip the page.

Genki is the standard recommendation, because it's used in University/College classes across North America and there are resources for it everywhere: Downside: You need 4 Books + The Answer Key to use it effectively. That'll end up at $225USD ish.

Skipping Minna No Nihongo because, while it's another popular recomendation, it's MORE expensive.

I used Japanese for Everyone (I have also used Genki and I own a copy of Minna No Nihongo 1 from school, but haven't used it) and I'm going to recommend it here stronger than I normally do. Reason: It's super cheap, because that's the only book you're going to need. Downside is less internet resources and a faster pace.

Free Alternative is Tae Kim's Guide to Japanese Grammar. It's useful, but it contains no useful practice problems and a not so great selection of example sentences.


Step 3: Practice

Once you get 6 or 7 chapters into your textbook of choice, you need to start using it. Even if you're not speaking, at least be writing to someone in real time in text. Input is probably more important than output, yes, but you need some output at least. Lots of people (Me included) put this off far too long and I Definitely suffered when I first came to Tokyo for it.

Free? You want HelloTalk. It's an iPhone/Android messaging app specifically tailored for people exchanging languages. It's pretty much your only/best option for free. Conversations tend to fizzle out when both people are low level, so be persistent.


Step 4: Additional Resources


    One guy writing hundreds of pages of guides that go into mid-depth of Japanese Grammar. This is not a primary resource. It takes the problems I have with Tae Kim to the extreme, and it is very grammar term heavy. It's best used for additional explanation when you don't understand something. Say, you get to ~てしまう in a textbook and don't understand? Imabi.

  • Anki/Ankidroid/Memrise

    Spaced Repetition Flashcards. They work, they're useful. Anki is more powerful and has more community vetted resources, Memrise is more "Game-ified" but less powerful and with less resources. You should never use either of these programs as your first contact with any grammar point. They are flash cards. They are used to review.

  • A Dictionary App

    Goes without saying. Take your pick, 99% of them use the same base database so the only difference is UI. I use mine 500 times a day (But I am in Tokyo).

  • NHK Web Easy

    Here. 3 Articles a day (5 on Friday) taken from the NHK main site and simplified heavily, intended for foreigners and elementary school students. Includes Furigana on every kanji, colour coding places/names, and full audio recording for each Article. Too advanced for you now, but good god is this good to know about it.

  • Erin's Challenge

    Here. Originally made to go with a textbook, and for learning it's pretty well impossible without that textbook. This site is still a fucking goldmine, with over 100 1-5 minute skits and videos in normal Japanese (Except the main character, who is correct but intentionally slow). Full scripts and line-by-line break down in Japanese, Kana Only, Romaji, and English. Listening Practice and Shadowing does not get better than this.


    Step -1: Things to Avoid

  1. Massive Pre-made Vocab Decks on Anki. They have a time and a place, but neither of those are "At the beginning of your studies".
  2. "Learn Japanese" apps. Duolingo is bad. Lingodeer is less bad, but still not ideal. Human Japanese is even less bad, but provides no practice beyond shitty quizzes.
  3. "Remembering the Kanji" or RTK. It basically teaches you English Key Words for all the standard Kanji, with little mnemonics and mnemonic forming tips. It requires a 3 - 5 month investment, during which you are not learning Japanese. The key words are incomplete at best and wrong at worst. It has a place if you're willing to not learn Japanese for 3 - 5 months to make the following 3 - 5 months significantly easier on you, but that's not going to help you in Japan.

    Have fun!
u/ninjininja · 1 pointr/unt
u/HiImGarrett · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Sorry to bug you one more time. Would you suggest this one with the CD-ROM or would I just need the workbook? Thanks again.

u/ventlus · 1 pointr/leagueoflegends

sorry for late reply. These books are one of the most popular series. You can have conversational japense after learning from both text books. after that you have to by a kanji text books to learn kanji, or you can find something online.You honestly just need to learn the common ones cause even japanese people forget kanji they don't use very often.

u/d4nnyw4yne · 1 pointr/dragonquest

Learn Japanese and you will have no problem finding hype for Dragon Quest.

u/meattbone · 1 pointr/NJTech

I actually took the class at Rutgers. It was very fun and interesting, but you could probably do all the work on your own (if you're dedicated enough). The textbook we used was Genki 1
The workbook as well

Not all Rutgers classes are on the NJIT schedule builder. Japanese you'll have to find in the Rutgers schedule builder:

Finally, to register for any class at Rutgers, you need to fill out this form and bring it to our registrar:

u/vashtiii · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

£53 for volume 1, £49 for volume 2.

That's not counting the workbooks, which are about £20 each.

Edit: It would be considerably cheaper just to import them from Amazon US.

u/Creep3rkill3r · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Okay, so I'm also new to Japanese, and I'm 15 too, so I'm in the same boat as you. I should probably let you know though how often people tell me to learn Hiragana and Katakana before jumping in to anything else.

You can do that through hiragana and katakana courses on the flashcard site Memrise. It's recommended for general language learning and specifically Japanese vocab. and writing systems often, and I've had a generally good experience with it. Pick up a book on them if you feel like it.

It could take you between a week to a month depending on your skill level and your general ability to pick up knowledge, but once you have them under your belt and only then, start learning speaking, listening and general grammar and vocabulary then. Pick up a textbook like Genki if you feel like it. Genki 1 is recommended a lot here too.

I should probably emphasise the FAQ, wiki and other info here on this subreddit, too. The /r/LearnJapanese starters' guide is your friend, and will give a more wholesome rundown than I did.

One final thing - I'm new to this too, so to you and any other new learners like me reading this: I'm not an expert; I'm just doing what's working for me and is generally advised. To people with more experience learning Japanese with a better idea of how to start: please comment with anything I've missed or messed up; like I said, I'm not a genius. I've seen people here who I think are, and they're friendly, good people. I try to be good and friendly, but I'm no genius at all, I'm just starting like you.

Sorry for the long post, I can't feel my fingers from typing fast. Good luck to you, /u/Harry-kun!

u/bvoss5 · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese
u/galaxyrocker · 1 pointr/duolingo

No, they're two resources. Tae Kim, genki

u/Xen0nex · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Thanks for the reply! Are these the Genki books you're referring to?

Offhand I'd put myself as an Intermediate-Beginner. Kana is no problem, but I only have around 60 or so Kanji under my belt, and my vocab/verbal was about the level to get me though typical everyday conversations, albeit with some groping around with very basic and bad grammar to make myself understood when I don't know how to say something. One of the bigger points is just that I haven't been speaking / listening to it for the last 4 years.

Is Nikkei this website?

I guess I would want to get a lot of math / physics / mechanical vocab so I can describe results from stress tests and failure loads and so on. I'm not aiming to have easy, flowing conversation skills in 2 months or anything, but if I can understand most of what the other engineers are saying, and make myself understood quickly at least, I'd be satisfied.

Yeah, I haven't set myself up for success very well; all of my blocked-off self-study time ended up getting eaten up with business trips and late nights in the lab, and then the transfer date got set recently.

I've been hoping to find an outside tutor / course if for no other reason than to have some time that I know couldn't get sucked into work-time, but you may be right; setting some focused time each day to work on vocab could be my best bet.

u/ShotFromGuns · 1 pointr/lifehacks

A few thoughts off the top of my head...

  1. Spend as much time as you can listening to native speakers of the language. Watching Japanese shows, even with English subtitles, is going to really help your pronunciation, colloquial language use, etc. Even better would be conversing with native speakers, but that can be harder to arrange.

  2. This is the textbook series my American university worked from. This is the textbook series my Japanese university worked from. It can be kind of confusing to switch series of books in the middle of learning, so I'd recommend picking one and sticking with it. Learn Japanese was great with a professor guiding me through, but Genki may be better for a solo learner. (Grain of salt: I am not familiar with the earlier Genki books.)

  3. Japanese uses three writing styles: hiragana, katakana, and kanji. The first two are both syllabaries, which are kind of like alphabets, only each "letter" stands for a mora (a syllable, more or less). For instance, what we would write in English as ka is expressed in hirigana as a single "letter." They also are used to represent the exact same set of sounds, and some of the "letters" in each syllabary look pretty similar to each other. You'll want to learn hiragana first, then katakana. If you're able to focus on your work, with lots of practice and flashcards, it shouldn't take you more than a month to learn all of them. Once you have the hiragana down, learn katakana. You'll probably find it goes much faster, since so many of the "letters" are similar. Next will come kanji, which are characters whose meaning and pronunciation can change based on context. You will eventually need to learn about 2,000 kanji to be functionally literate in Japanese, but don't panic; even in Japan, they spread the teaching of them over years. Whichever series of books you pick to learn from will introduce kanji to you gradually.

  4. Once you learn to read hiragana, WWWJDIC is going to be your best friend. There are features to look up individual words, search for kanji, and perform text glossing of entire chunks of text. Dictionary entries include a ton of features, including example sentences, verb conjugations, and the ability to examine individual kanji in a word. Additionally awesome if you have an Android smartphone is the app, which comes with a kanji recognizer: you can draw out kanji you don't know, and it will give you its best guess. (Accuracy increases hugely if you're drawing the kanji with the correct number of strokes and stroke order, so the tool gets more useful once you've started learning kanji.) Note, however, that WWWJDIC is a dictionary, not a translation engine; it can give you a bunch of useful vocabulary, but it can't tell you how to use it to construct a sentence.

    Source: Japanese was my foreign language in college, which included a semester abroad in Tokyo.
u/Vegotio · 1 pointr/japanese

Thank you by the way for helping me out so far. If you don't mind, could you help me figure out which first 2 books I should be looking at, or what order to get them in?


My assumption would be, in the order listed,

1st to get:

GENKI I: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese (English and Japanese Edition)

by Eri Banno


2nd to get:

Genki: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese II [Second Edition] (Japanese Edition) (English and Japanese Edition)


I am not sure on that second one, I assumed it would be the second book due to it saying Japanese II, but it saying second edition is throwing me off.

u/_TheRocket · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

thank you very much. I have heard a lot about genki. Is this the right one? amazon link

u/nofacade · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Welcome! Check out the wiki to get an idea of where to start. Around here, most people (myself included) suggest getting Genki I to start off, as it goes through the basics of Japanese quite well. Feel free to ask any questions!

u/RockMe-Amadeus · 1 pointr/vancouver

I've had success with Genki.

Pretty sure you can find it at Chapters or for free online.

u/sumirina · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

I don't really know why but the books are listed twice on Amazon... on the more expensive base listing (the 90€ one) the alternative shops are actually a bit cheaper (see here) so at least you could get the textbook for around ~50€ and I think the workbook is around 23€ here (the picture shows the second edition so it should be the right one), maybe if you get them from the same shop you could get lucky with cheaper shipping as well, but I don't know about that (same goes for the answer key )

Apart from looking for cheaper shopping on Amazon de you might also want to check Amazon jp (the shipping costs are pretty high but the base price is much cheaper). I'm a bit too lazy to look it up right now, but you can change the site to English so it shouldn't be too hard. Just don't forget to calculate the shipping in as well!

u/condemn_the_truth · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

The book alone is £39 and the workbook is £20 incl shipping. You pay £5 more to buy it in that bundle lmao.

u/Nineyfox · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Hmm, you might want to try buying those from the sites instead. I bought them for $130 (GENKI 1 & 2 costed me $69) and the workbooks too + a dictionary. I think you could buy them for ¥6400 which equals to $55 shipping included.
Here the links:
Workbook 1 ||
Genki 1 ||
Genki 2 ||
Workbook 2

u/1000m · 1 pointr/japanese

A dictionary is good, but won't get you what you want.

  • Take a class (optional but helpful)
  • iTalki or other online tutor/teacher arrangement
  • Apps: LingoDeer, DuoLingo, Human Japanese, Learn Japanese w/Master Ling, RosettaStone, etc.
  • Online resources: TaeKim, Tofugu, r/LearnJapanese, YouTube, etc.
  • Genki 1 book
u/Kortheon · 1 pointr/Philippines

Won't you prefer to learn by yourself? This book is a workbook with audio for you to practice with. (I've used it myself). Look around the internet for an "online" copy for 'free" (it's what I did but my source was recently shutdown yeah we all know which one it was pretty kickass)

u/AllOfTimeAndSpace · 1 pointr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

My classes start on the 4th. :) I've bought most of my textbooks already but I really need this Japanese workbook for my intro Japanese course. I moved it from my books list to my main list so its easy to find if you end up picking me. :) This is a really great contest and even if I don't win I think it's fantastic that you're willing to help people get their hands on much needed textbooks. <3

u/Yunihorn · 1 pointr/SakuraGakuin

Yeah, Marin's English speaking skill was unexpected knowing that most/some Japanese people are not good at it. Maybe she goes to cram school and learn advance English. She's smart and adorable too :)

I recommend using Genki book for beginners(like me lol)
You should try it if it's available near your area.

u/nillllux · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese

Should I get the Genki 1 book as well as the workbook? Or will just the g1 book be fine on its own?

u/klistwan · 1 pointr/LearnJapanese
u/Dia-L · 1 pointr/loseit

I've had problems with knee and some hip pain while running. I've found running on the balls of my feet completely relieves the pain with the added bonus of a horrendous calf workout. I'd also recommend reading Born to Run really interesting book and the author had the same problem you are having.

Barefoot shoes have completely changed my outlook on running.

u/SloBird89 · 1 pointr/running

Up up up! for mandatory Born to Run reference.

u/antap · 1 pointr/geek

I hear ya man. I wasn't huge huge, but I was 185 at my biggest. I'm at 145 now. 138 at my lowest.

If you have an extra hour you should check this out Why we get fat

And also get this on audio book. It's very well done, enlightening, and entertaining. Born to Run (Acquirable on the internet)

I don't know how serious you are about health, but looking back I really wish someone would have sent me those two links when I started.

u/hcmc_ironpig · 1 pointr/AskReddit

Born to Run by Christopher McDougall. It's basically a chronicle of the author's adventures to find a Native-American tribe known as the Tarahumara people who can run 12 marathons in a day. Quite interesting.

u/obeythametal · 1 pointr/AskReddit

Born to Run helped me fall in love with running. I had never been so deeply & passionately drawn to anything... now I'm training to run my first marathon and I'm more excited for this than for when I graduated from college.

Against the Stream was another life-changer - it helped me learn to breathe, relax, focus, and stay in the present moment.

u/twinspop · 1 pointr/AskReddit
u/useless_idiot · 1 pointr/science
u/thatguythomas90 · 1 pointr/pics

I completely concur with this statement. Read the book "Born to run" It'll give you a little insight into the barefoot running culture. I blew out my knee at one point, and I'm back up to running like a fuckin champ.

u/rcklmbr · 1 pointr/pics

Those people are stupid. Then again, starting running barefoot is also stupid. Read Born to Run. After all, this book is the reason this conversation is happening in the first place. You should realize that the claim is valid. Then again, you haven't been walking in bare feet since you were young like the Tarahumara.

The funny thing is that the claim that running in bare feet comes up about every 10 years, then eventually dies away because it becomes widespread past the early adopters (the athletes) and into the general public. Once this happens, these people get hurt, and they start to realize "oh shit, maybe I really do need to wear shoes".

This is all personal opinion, of course. There are numerous sources saying either way (I think that site is satire, it's just the first site that showed up in a google search... I'm sure i could find more credible sources if you want though), so it really comes down to one thing: do what is good for your body. I had a friend that would constantly get injured (his knees). He ended up reading Born to Run, took off the shoes, and slowly worked his way up in mileage. This had the side effect of slowing him down, and as a result he stopped getting injured. This stuff can work both ways. What i'm suggesting is that you wait until you know what is and isn't good for your body (meaning do the tried-and-true wear shoes), and go from there.

u/200OK · 1 pointr/BarefootRunning

Have you read Born to Run by Christopher McDougall? It changed the way I thought about running. What shoes are you currently using for your ultra training?

u/Underbyte · 1 pointr/AskReddit

I hear you, There are the most comfortable things i've ever worn in my life though, and there is some pretty solid evidence behind minimalist footwear.

Also, they're not rock climbing shoes. They actually dont perform nearly as well as actual specialty "rock climbing shoes" do when it comes to rock climbing.

u/DrMarianus · 1 pointr/pics

But they don't use weapons. The advantage we have is that we can make tools which allow us to wound the creature. Then we can track it by sight or by clues left by the animal.

Check out Born to Run. It's a great book about humans and running. There's a story in there of a tribe that will still occasionally run down it's food. They run until the animal tires out.

u/rougetoxicity · 1 pointr/running

I definitely know how that goes as far as hating to waste money on shoes. I've always been really cheap about shoes, and if i'm going to spend 100$ on shoes, they better be the best ones in the world, and they better last a long time.

As far as minimalist running suggestions, i'd first suggest that before you even consider it to do your research, get educated, get interested, and then get started.

There is a plethora of research that's very convincing. when you have an hour or two to spare, spend some time and go on an internet journey... cruise through the sidebar over at /r/barefootrunning and read the links check out the harvard study on the subject. Google points against it also if you wish.

Born to run is a pretty interesting book. Its not strictly about minimalist running, but it has some good ideas about shoes in general, and running philosophy and science. Its writing isn't the best, and some of the facts are a bit questionable, but i really enjoyed reading it anyway, and it has a way of getting you really stoked about running.

I've always been skeptical of things, and im not much of a bandwagon hopper, but i stumbled across the idea one day while shopping for new running shoes, spent probably a week absorbing information, Became fascinated and convinced, then just took my shoes off and went for a run! Ive since picked up a pair of Merrell trail gloves, and have increased my speed and mileage considerably(after the transition period of course) and decreased my knee pain, and increased my enjoyment and interest in running tenfold.

u/genida · 1 pointr/AskReddit

Anyways, having looked over my bookshelf, here are some recommendations purely for the sake of recommending. Maybe not spot on what you're looking for, but why not...

Neverwhere. A book I've read about nine times. Because it's awesome.

Time Traveler's Wife. Kind of established/re-ignited my hope and sense of romance. My father isn't much of a reader and usually takes months to go through a single book, but after losing his wife, my stepmother, he went through this in a week and thanked me profusely afterwards.

Island. I'll tell you right off, it's one of those 'intelligent reads'. The end is proclaimed early, it comes as predicted and it's depressing, but the book overall is nice. You read it first, to check :)

Gates of Fire.

Born To Run. Just read this recently. Fun, interesting, quick.

u/RagingErectus · 1 pointr/AskReddit

Read this:

Get it now. Read it. If you do nothing else posted in this forum, read that book.

> Is it safe to run with sore legs?

Yes. In fact, I find when I'm sore, the only thing to relieve the pain is to run lightly.

> "Yeah fattie, good luck with that." my embarrassment keeps me from exercising because it's so obvious that I need to. Thoughts?"

OK. Why are you concerned with what other people think? Fix that, it has nothing to do with your running. Anyone that's serious about running will do nothing but encourage you. Anyone who says anything like this is jealous and can't get off the couch.

> Does anyone have any suggestions for alternative forms of cardio or any tips to make running more enjoyable?

If you're running and doing it right, it's not a chore, it's a joy. You'll wake up early and jump out of bed excited because you get to run today. It changes your life.

Running is not about muscles. Running is about converting energy(food) into work. Your muscles are along for the ride and will adapt quickly.

It's not about training, routine, etc. All those things aren't bad - but frankly the human body is more or less made to run a lot. An hour or so into a good run, a serenity/exhaustion comes over you and suddenly everything is clear.

It's highly unlikely you'll really injure yourself while running. If your stride is improper you can have some knee pain, but fix that with some thin/light shoes and focus on your stride and your body will heal quickly. Don't pound your heel on the pavement - let the ball of your foot absorb the hard impact.

> concerning what can be done (or eaten) to become a physically and mentally healthy person!

"Eat food. Not too much. Mostly vegetables." Also, run/jog. Details are not as important as doing this.

u/alans97 · 1 pointr/AskReddit

And read Born to Run. I ditched the shoes and run barefoot or in cheap sandals now, no more plantars fasciitis for me!

u/rocketvat · 1 pointr/pics


Right, humans can definitely be fat and lazy, and I'm not saying the average american could get off the couch today and run 25 miles to hunt down an antelope. But it's how we got to where we are, and anyone is capable if they live the lifestyle.

u/tach · 1 pointr/Fitness

No, my point is that the general aged twiggy-like appearance of Scott Jurek can not be adscribed to his ultrarunning endeavours, using as a counterexample Mr. Karnazes.

This addresses especifically your "I would think his lack of muscle was more likely from being the kind of guy that runs over a 100 miles at a time than from his being vegan" opinion.

> If you are just saying that eating meat helps athletic performance then I would definitely agree with you.

Well, not exactly athletic performance but overall health and well-being. Maybe you can manage with a vegetarian diet, but you'll really have to dial it in, and be really obsessive compulsive on macronutrient composition and supplements. An omnivore has it really easy, just partition your plate in thirds, and have meat/fish in 1/3, and veggies in the other 2/3rds. Add moderate fruit if not trying to lose weight, and presto.

> EDIT: Have you read Dean's book? It's really great!

Nope, it's on my wish list along with Born to Run.

u/Chift · 1 pointr/Fitness

Sure, amazon would do a better job then me for reviews ""

Besides that. I absolutely hate running, I would any day of the week hop onto the mountain bike and hit the trails. The author asks the simple question why his feet hurt when he runs, then ends up finding a culture of people, the Tarahumara, who simply just run (we're talking 100 milers here) pretty much barefoot. I'm not sure how to say it, it just made me buy some vibram fives and enjoy the freedom of running. That being said I enjoy running more now (I think the switch to barefoot, makes you feel like a kid again) but I still prefer biking.

Hope that helps!

u/samuraimatteo · 1 pointr/

I read about this in Born to Run by Christopher McDougall. link

It's about a guy who learns about running through his own injury. It includes a large section on persistence hunting. It's a really great read, I'm actually suprised by how many times I've recommended this to all my friends.

u/DrStephenFalken · 1 pointr/movies

If you wrote like a human who had more than a 3rd grade education people wouldn't have to assume what you were saying. I'm sorry you're not able to articulate your thoughts into speech or text.

I think everyone is aware that it's a fucking movie. You said Ohio reformatory wasn't a real place, then you said prison life isn't like it is portrayed in a movie which is fairly obvious.

Here this should help you

u/Rackem_Willy · 1 pointr/Wellthatsucks

Does your mom know you are up past your bedtime? No dessert for a week young man!

But seriously, considering saving your allowance and investing in this book. You sorely need it.

u/Zreaz · 1 pointr/leagueoflegends

Ummm...what? Good try, but once again you are incorrect.


First of all.

>That year was in the past. It has passed us by.

This statement itself is correct, but the context is completely different from your original post, so we will ignore it.


Now for your mistake.

>This passed season was OK

You are not saying that the season did pass (verb) and it was OK, you are describing the season which is in the past (we'll call this one an adjective) and that it was OK.

One helpful trick could be to think about this sentence using the other tenses. This future season will be OK. This present season is OK. The tenses of past, present, and future are clarifying the noun which in this case is "season".


It's one thing to be a dick to someone who is trying to help you improve your grammar. It's another thing to completely ignore it while being so fucking condescending.

There are many websites which explain the difference of past vs. passed far better than the one you provided. If you need further reading, I suggest this book.

u/bowe_flex · 1 pointr/Austin

If you're referring to my lattermost statement, welcome to reddit big guy, maybe brush up on your grammar a bit before you get too deep because that tends to be a point of contention on this website.

I guess my point with my original reply was that his comment added literally nothing of substance. There was no straw man! hahaha idk if he took philosophy or something as a freshman and stored a few cool words deep in that clearly eloquent lexicon, but the first post pointing out that he knew an SAE who was a great guy is in NO WAY A STRAW MAN!!!!! This is all induction! They are fucking stereotypes and inductive reasoning can be easily disproven through counterexamples!!!!

I should post this to r/rant, cause seriously this is the reddit circlejerkery that is the only part of this amazing website that kills me. BilyBlaze makes a statement that holds no water whatsoever, but because reddit is 90% insecure pussies who have some beef with greek life, it gets upvotes out the ass. classic!

and finally, i know i already asked, but to what fucking school does this kid go?

" People get raped at the SAE chapter at my school all the time"
back that up a bit. most 'rapes' get reported so you should have some statistics to back up that ridiculous bull shit. or were they unreported? did you happen to be the guy in whom all these poor victims confided? that's how you know?

EDIT and obviously I was asking about his school originally because of the regular rapings. not because of his poor grammar, but now that I've properly considered it, I need to know for both reasons.

u/Anonymonynonymous · 1 pointr/worldnews
u/AlanBeforeTime · 1 pointr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon
u/judogirl · 1 pointr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

When you wish upon a star :)

My favorite Disney movies are probably The Lion King (It is just a classic and I love it!) and Mary Poppins (It is supercalifragilisticexpialidocious! Haha). Both of these movies are great examples of Disney's creativity, but also making unrealistic stories believable and relatable.

My favorite Disney song is probably I'll Make A Man Out of You from Mulan or Part of Your World from The Little Mermaid.

If I win I would like this book.

Thanks for the contest!

u/AlaskaYoungg · 1 pointr/nerdfighters

:C How much do you want to pay for one? Cover Price? (No, I'm not asking you to buy mine, nor do I want to sell it, but perhaps I could help you in locating an affordable signed copy)

EDIT: This was the cheapest one I've found thus far.

u/Roisiny · 1 pointr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

My favourite recipe was one my mum found in a book so I can't find it online. Chicken, bacon and potato soup: Get chicken, bacon, potatoes, carrots, onion and garlic, chop them all up however you prefer them, put them into a pot with a load of vegetable stock and voila! It's really tasty and if you want a super comfort food, add some double cream mmmm. I don't have a picture of it, or a way to take one soon, sorry!

The promise of a good future. It may never happen but I believe that I'll do many things so I'm working my way towards them :) (Also, my SO and family play no small part in helping to keep me motivated).

This novel by newcomer rambopandabear is one of a kind. It may not be the best book you've ever read, or even the worst. But I can say that it's completely and utterly mediocre.

I cheated a little. The Fault In Our Stars by John Green.

Thanks for the contest <3

u/CamouflageTrousers · 1 pointr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

Thank you for the contest! Good luck in training as well.

The book i've wanted to read for some time now.

u/hazelowl · 1 pointr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

I'm a big boy now

I wish my three-year-old was a big girl now.... we're in potty-training hell.

I'd like to read this book.

u/AuralEyes · 1 pointr/IAmA

It's a love story between two teenage cancer patients. I'm not great at summarizing so

u/pinkyandthefloyd · 1 pointr/bookexchange

Well, I don't have any other classics I'd be willing to give away but I have Driftless by David Rhodes, Little Brother by Cory Doctorow, and a signed copy of The Fault in Our Stars by John Green, if you're interested in any of those.

Also, they're all in superb condition, no folded corners or anything.

u/RCJhawk · 1 pointr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon
u/musicalobsessed · 1 pointr/Random_Acts_Of_Amazon

I like the name Bosco, and it could be Bambi&Bosco :)

I'd really like this book! I've read it before and loved it!!
The Fault in Our Stars

u/josephsmidt · 1 pointr/latterdaysaints

Thank you for your comment. I appreciate all the thought you put into it.

> naturalism can give a pretty good account of human rights... Evolutionary psychology argues pretty persuasively that, when values are understood as instinctual on some level...

I would like to flesh this out a little more. If values have to do with what evolution gave us as being instinctively good, what is wrong with something like pedophilia? Don't many pedophilies feel pedophilia is a proper form of love? Isn't there an entire NAMBLA society arguing this?

Does that mean pedophilia should be a human right for them? If not I would like you to elaborate on how evolutionary instincts give a "pretty good account of human rights".

> Science, at least in the Western tradition, begin with the pagan Greeks.

Do you have a reference to someone arguing this? Because it seems to me like most ancient greeks we had a record of - like Socrates, Plato and Aristotle - were religious. But more importantly scholars like Bertrand Russell who write histories of these things are adamant that we not confuse what the ancient Greeks and Egyptians had with modern science. He argues they were really rules of thumb with no systematic method for acquiring more truth.

In contrast it was modern Chsitians like Francis Bacon that first argued for a scientific method approach to understanding reality. Because they argued we were made in God's image who is rational and so we should be able to rationally understand His creation. They went further and built universities in His name for the purposes of doing science.

None of this can be said about the Greeks or any other non-Christian nations. If you disagree, do you have a reference I could read arguing this is wrong? Thanks.

> because the clergy were the only people who were educated.

Okay but the upper classes of non-Christian nations were also educated. So if it is just about being educated, why didn't just as many Francis Bacon's, Newton's, Leibniz's, Maxwell's, Galileo's and so forth... come from those nations?

They had the same DNA and IQs right? So what other than religion do you think accounts for the differences?

u/CricketPinata · 1 pointr/milliondollarextreme

If you want to just know buzzwords to throw around, spend a bunch of time clicking around on Wikipedia, and watch stuff like Crash Course on YouTube. It's easy to absorb, and you'll learn stuff, even if it's biased, but at least you'll be learning.

If you want to become SMARTER, one of my biggest pieces of advice is to either carry a notebook with you, or find a good note taking app you like on your phone. When someone makes a statement you don't understand, write it down and parse it up.

So for instance, write down "Social Democracy", and write down "The New Deal", and go look them up on (Put's all of it in simplest language possible), it's a great starting point for learning about any topic, and provides you a jumping board to look more deeply into it.

If you are really curious about starting an education, and you absolutely aren't a reader, some good books to start on are probably:

"Thing Explainer: Complicated Stuff in Simple Words" by Randall Munroe

"A Short History of Nearly Everything" by Bill Bryson

"Philosophy 101" by Paul Kleinman, in fact the ____ 101 books are all pretty good "starter" books for people that want an overview of a topic they are unfamiliar with.

"The World's Religions" by Huston Smith

"An Incomplete Education" by Judy Jones and Will Wilson

Those are all good jumping off points, but great books that I think everyone should read... "A History of Western Philosophy" by Bertrand Russell, "Western Canon" by Harold Bloom, "Education For Freedom" by Robert Hutchins, The Norton Anthology of English Literature; The Major Authors, The Bible.

Read anything you find critically, don't just swallow what someone else says, read into it and find out what their sources were, otherwise you'll find yourself quoting from Howard Zinn verbatim and thinking you're clever and original when you're just an asshole.

u/Gamhorra · 1 pointr/philosophy

I think that A History of Western Philosophy - Bertrand Russell is one of the better places to start imho.

It will provide you a toes wet entry into a broad spectrum of western philosophy.

I'd likely think you'll get hooked on certain era's or persons and stick with them for a while. This isn't a bad thing, apply their thoughts to others perspectives and try your best to be critical of all.

u/buu2 · 1 pointr/askphilosophy

I heard SMBC Comics Zach Weiner last month, and he recommended Bertrand Russell's A History of Western Philosophy. I've been going through it since, and it's a great overview to begin with.

u/MoosePilot · 1 pointr/books

Betrand Russell's A History of Western Philosophy.

Covers quite a bit. Definitely worth the read.

u/Nezzreth · 1 pointr/2X_INTJ

I think philosophy is pretty neat. I got into it after reading this book.
It condenses every (western) philosopher into 1-5 pages.

u/RonWR · 1 pointr/philosophy

The same man giving this talk also wrote the most comprhensive book I know about western philosophy, he starts with the greeks and offers his opinion while going step by step through the past 2000 years, it's a very long read but you can always skip and move in eras and philosphoers according to what you find ineresting at the time .

u/Hoed · 1 pointr/golf

I received the advice of my life on my drive last weekend. Flex your right leg the entire time and use it to push your weight forward as you come down.

Other tips:

Keep your head down staring at the ball.

Don't be afraid to take a step forward on your drive swing. Literally swing and step forward with your right foot.

Squeeze your elbows as close together as possible throughout the entire swing.


u/toomuchhighenergy · 1 pointr/gifs
u/ashdrewness · 1 pointr/golf

This will be the best $10 you will ever spend in your life. Buy Ben Hogan's "Five Lessons: The Modern Fundamentals of Golf." The only real training aide I've ever used. Has a lot of good illustrations regarding swing plane, grip, and the chain of events which must take place for a proper swing. Just about every instructor out there lives by it.

u/sarangheh · 1 pointr/golf

Like everyone else is saying here, Hogan-esque swing. You look stuck/jammed at impact though, imo which gave you the little pull there. Just hold on to that spine angle. Setup/tempo/backswing looks pretty great!

If youre trying to be like Hogan gotta read Hogan's swing.

u/z-Routh · 1 pointr/golf

You're in a really good spot right now because you're just getting started out and you don't have to unlearn any bad habits.

First thing I would say is learn what makes a good swing. Not what makes your swing good, but what makes a good swing. Watch the pros. Read books. Get a much information as possible and don't try and replicate what they do, but learn what makes a truly good swing and learn how to make your swing the best it can be.

Here are a couple things to think about:

Right now you're swinging with about 90% your upper body. Your taking the club back with your shoulders and arms and chest, and it's quite visible. When you swing through you are swinging through with your arms and shoulders and your lower body is following your upper body. A proper golf swing is almost exactly the opposite.

Try and think of the swing as something that happens from your hips, torso, chest, and shoulders.

The backswing should start with the big muscle in your left shoulder. Move your left shoulder across your chest for the first movement and when you can't move that shoulder anymore you start rotating your chest. The backswing is complete when your back is facing the target. Do not swing your arms, infact, try and squeeze your arms to your chest (if you lift weights, like when you're doing dumbell flys). Your hands should and arms should always be directly in front of your chest.

This is a good example.

Don't try and swing with your arms, the shoulders lead the swing with your chest and then your hips will turn. Also, as you are moving through the backswing, the weight should be able 60-70% of your weight on your right foot.

Now the important part:

Once you've got a good backswing the downswing and impact are the most important part of the golf swing. Infact there are plenty of pro tours who have an unorthodox, or frankly bad backswing, but their downswing and impact position are perfect.

Once you're at the top of your backswing, your swing should start from your LEFT foot, knee, and most importantly your HIPS. Smoothly bring the weight to your left foot and as you do so, twist and rotate your hips. You should feel like someone is pulling on the belt loop at your left hip, and they are pulling it backwards as if they are trying to turn you around. (hope that makes sense). It is this twist that creates the proper downswing and speed for a good swing.

Watch this swing of Rory Mcillroy

Really pay attention to his hips. Notice at the top of his backswing how he loads his legs (like a mini squat) and his HIPS really start that swing. It will look like he's swinging his arms but I promise you, he isn't putting any energy into them at all. His hands and arms are just along for the ride. His arms are just following his body, as his legs squat and his hips start to turn, so does his torso, followed by his chest and arms and hands and the club.

If you pause the video at impact, (during the slow motion part) You will see his belt buckle looks like it is almost pointed at the target, and it's probably about 40 degrees from center but all pros are well through the turn at impact. If you can start to understand that 99% of the golf swing is done by the lower body, the feet, the quad muscles, and the hips, you will be well on your way my friend. It all starts with the lower body, the stronger your legs, the more powerful your swing will be.

I know that this is a TON of information to take in all at once, but as you learn more and read more you will incorporate more of this into your own swing. And you will do it YOUR way, not Rorys, not mine, but yours. Everyone has a unique swing, but there are certain fundamentals that every good golfer has, and that's the hip turn, and the point of impact.

If you're interested in learning more from the pros, these are the 2 books you need to get. And they will explain it far better than I can. Glad you've found golf, it's a lifetime's worth of never ending learning and fun.

The Impact Zone

Five Fundamentals

u/bangmygong · 1 pointr/golf

Buy this book and read it five times while adjusting your swing. Then read it every spring.


u/Its_free_and_fun · 1 pointr/IWantToLearn

I learned to golf when in my early twenties, and I think Ben Hogan's book is fantastic:

I found that book was really helpful.

u/pghgolfer · 1 pointr/golf

Read this book. It’s quick, to the point, and better advice than any of us can provide.

Ben Hogan's Five Lessons: The Modern Fundamentals of Golf

u/chepnut · 1 pointr/golf

I am in the process of getting my wife to learn how to play golf so we can start going out together. We are starting with this book

its amazing on how simple and easy it is to read and follow and how solid the information is in the book. And then follow that up with a bunch of easy par 3 courses. So you can then go over the etiquette and the subtle unwritten rules of the course. And also it shows her that a lot of other people suck at golf also and its just fun to go out and smash some balls

u/Birdie_Jim81 · 1 pointr/golf

If i were to suggest you getting new clubs they are going to have to be beginner ones like Taylor Made Burners. Those clubs are forgiving and are for people who are fairly new to the game. The ones your teammates sounds like they are talking about are blade type clubs or just other clubs in general for people who shoot decent scores. Having said that if you already have clubs i would stick with them until you can shoot a lower score. I would suggest going to the range a few times a week and playing at least one round per week. A lot of people will set a goal on this sub reddit of shooting a certain score and then they will buy themselves irons. Shooting 110-120 isnt obviously the best but honestly the average golfer shoots around 110. I woul say maybe if you can get down to breaking 100 or around there i would see why you couldnt look for some new clubs, HEck you can buy used ones for pretty cheap as well. MY current training schedule has me on the range 2-3 days a week and playing a round on sat and sometimes second on Sunday(depending how my sat night goes). As far as a book... ive heard this one is pretty good from a few people. THE MODERN FUNDAMENTALS OF GOLF